Case Study Analysis: Union Carbide Corporation And Bhopal Essay

Case Study Analysis: Union Carbide Corporation And Bhopal Essay

Length: 1069 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Political, Social, and Legal Environment of Business

Case Study Analysis: Union Carbide Corporation and Bhopal

A single slip in action may cause lasting sorrow. A slight mistake in operation at a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal of India causes a lot of deaths and injuries. What a tragedy it is. Undoubtedly, there must be something wrong with the management of the plant.

In addition to the plant, the governments related in India that issued permits and provided incentives for the plant, Bhopal community officials who permitted slum dwellers to move near the plant in illegal settlements, Indian environmental and safety inspectors should also be responsible for this. The governments related in India issued permits because people need jobs, or people would starve to death. This was one reason in my opinion. Soft money from Union Carbide plant may be another reason for issuing permits. It was clearly that the governments in America would not issue a permit to Union Carbide plant under such circumstances, which lacked of severe environmental standards and permitted slum dwellers to live near the plant and so on. Such actions were the fuses leading to more deaths. Before the major gas leakage from the MCI unit on December 3, 1984, some people were killed because of phosgene gas leakage. However, no one took it seriously in spite of the report by media. One of the reasons that people ignore this was because people didn¡¦t know the potential danger of the chemical plant. The other reason was that there are not enough environmental inspectors to cover so many plants in India. Besides, those inspectors had a record of loose enforcement. Consequently, danger emerged just as the saying goes ¡§Nothing comes of nothing.¡¨

As for the management of Union Carbide¡¦s Bhopal plant, some steps indeed needed to be improved. Let us take a look at the whole process of the gas leak and see what actions can be improved. The first mistake in my opinion was that R. Khan, an operator in the MIC complex, neglected to insert a slip blind above the point of water entry. This omission violated instructions in the MIC processing manual, the technical manual that set forth procedures established by the chemical engineers who set up the plant. Obviously, the plant failed to emphasize the importance of obeying the processing manual and the danger of disobeying ...

... middle of paper ...

...nk he should be responsible for the whole case. In other words, he should resign for the whole incident.

Generally speaking, the legal system didn¡¦t play a very active role in this case. First of all, the India government could do more on digging the truth of the gas leak out and set a more strict standard to regulate such dangerous plants in case that another crisis. Second, I didn¡¦t see any one who worked in the Union Carbide¡¦s Bhopal plant should be responsible for that tragedy. Does it mean that all that the India court wanted was money or it just wanted to reduce trial and subsequent appeals because it might have taken more than twenty years?

To sum up, Union Carbide handled the crisis cleverly but not well enough because it knew what would the India government and court react to this incident. Union Carbide controlled the whole situation and took lead of the lawsuits itself. The India government and court didn¡¦t help those victims as much as they needed instead. The function of government, designed to protect its people, disappeared in this case.


¡§Union Carbide Corporation And Bhopal,¡¨ in Steiner and Steiner, pp.147-161.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Bhopal And The City Of Lakes

- Bhopal, also called the city of lakes, is the capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. A city that is popular for its historical importance and glory. Bhopal is a confluence of the rich forms of art, tradition and culture. What Happened. An American corporation, Union Carbide in 1960 constructed a pesticide factory in Bhopal to protect crops. In the early hours of Dec 3rd, 1984, a poisonous grey cloud (forty tons of toxic gases) from the Union Carbide plant spread throughout the city. Water carrying different chemicals entered Methyl isocyonate storage tank that caused the leakage of the gases....   [tags: Bhopal disaster, Bhopal, Union Carbide]

Strong Essays
1012 words (2.9 pages)

Bhopal Disaster And Its Effects On The World 's Most Tragic Industrial Disaster

- In December 3, 1984, 42 metric tons of toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas billowed from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) plant in Bhopal. The lethal gas leaked into the air and drifted to the shanty towns nearby. With an estimated death tolls amounting 20,000 people and approximately 800,000 population exposed to the deadly fumes in 1984 , it is no wonder why this incident was considered as the world’s most tragic industrial disaster. Until today, Bhopal disaster survivors suffered with lingering long-term adverse health effects including but not limited to nerve damage, obstructive respiratory tracts, emotional distress, birth defects and escalated rates of cancer and tuberculosis....   [tags: Bhopal disaster, Bhopal, Union Carbide]

Strong Essays
1762 words (5 pages)

Who Is Responsible For The Bhopal Accident? Essay

- Who is responsible for the Bhopal accident. How should blame be apportioned among parties involved, including Union Carbide corporation, UCIL, plant workers, governments in India or others. The cause of Union Carbide’s tank 610 MIC leak have two theories. One theory according to the Indian government, that water was introduced through a hose into bleeder A at filter pressure safety valve lines. It happened on the Eve of the disaster when a supervisor ordered an operator, R.Khan to unclog four filter valves near the MIC production area by washing them out with water....   [tags: Bhopal disaster, Dow Chemical Company, Bhopal]

Strong Essays
1476 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Information on India

- December 3rd, 1984 was just like any other day in the Union Carbide pesticide factory in Bhopal, India. That was, until the deadly gas began to pour over the city. Union Carbide was producing the pesticide Sevin, which was banned in the United States because of one of the byproducts, methyl isocyanate, or MIC. Due to a lack of sufficient regulations of the tanks that the MIC was kept in, the gas was able to spread havoc over the sleeping town of Bhopal. The safety procedures, which were meant to prevent a tragedy like this from happening, inevitably failed....   [tags: Developing Country, Union Carbide, Bhopall]

Strong Essays
1731 words (4.9 pages)

The Tragedy Of Bhopal Gas Tragedy Essays

- Abstract- A tragedy that was a catastrophe and had no parallel in the world’s industrial history. Tons of toxic gas was leaked and spread throughout the city. An estimated 10,000 people died and 500,000 suffered injuries with disastrous effect. Bhopal Gas Tragedy, 1984 was a disaster in the world’s industrial history. In the early morning hours of December 3, a poisonous gas was leaked from union carbide plant in Madhya Pradesh. The gas was leaked and spread throughout the city. There was a disastrous effect and the nightmare has still no end....   [tags: Bhopal disaster, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh]

Strong Essays
2560 words (7.3 pages)

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy Essays

- On the 3rd of December 1984, a gas leakage incident happened in Bhopal, India. Methyl isocyanate(MIC), a deadly poisonous gas was accidentally leaked and spread into air from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) plant. The leak was caused by large volume of water entering one of the MIC storage tanks in the underground. As a result temperature and pressure in tank continuously increased and the storage tank burst as a result of chemical reaction between the water and MIC. It spread in the air and over the nearby community....   [tags: Bhopal India]

Strong Essays
629 words (1.8 pages)

Bhopal Union Carbide Case analysis Essay

- One of the worst cases of catastrophic event in history is the Bhopal Union Carbide case. Nearly three decades ago, the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal India had a devastated tragedy. The toxic chemical and methyl isocyanate gas leak from the plant killed thousands of civilians who were sleeping and injured hundreds of thousands of people in the nearby neighborhood. For those who survived from this catastrophic incident had injuries ranging from blindness to suffering burns of the skins....   [tags: Ethical Issues, Safety Standards]

Strong Essays
1240 words (3.5 pages)

The Industrial Disaster Of Bhopal Essay

- In the 1970s, the Indian government started a program to encourage foreign companies to invest in regional industries. Union Carbide built the pesticide plant in Bhopal, which is located in the central part of India, in order to have a better access to transport infrastructure. The particular site inside the city might have been zoned to light mechanical and business use, not to risky business. “The plant was initially approved only for formulation of pesticides from component chemicals, such as Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) imported from the parent company, in relatively small quantities” (Broughton, 2005, para 3)....   [tags: Bhopal disaster, Dow Chemical Company]

Strong Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)

The Bhopal Disaster Union Carbide Essay

- After the Bhopal Disaster, Union Carbide made an ethical decision through their legal strategy to secure the best outcome for themselves and to keep their company from going bankrupt multiple times over. Union Carbide used the corruption of the Indian court system to their advantage to minimize the amount they would pay in damages to the victims. Their strategy wouldn’t be considered moral to the victims of this chemical explosion if the trial were kept in the American court system. What is ethical isn’t always considered moral to all the parties involved....   [tags: Law, Human rights, Rights, Victim]

Strong Essays
1252 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Bhopal Ethical Issues

- 1. Introduction: In the morning of December 3, 1984 a tragic event occurred in the city of Bhopal, the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It has been known as the world's worst industrial disaster. A Union Carbide India, Limited (UCIL)'s plant released 40 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas which instantly killed over 3,000 people and carrying on causing the death of more than 20,000. This tragic event involved not only the technical, safety issues at the time, but also ethical issues on the responsibility of those who would have been able to prevent the tragedy from happening and those who denied or intentionally decreased the responsibility of causing it....   [tags: Gas Incident Bhopal]

Strong Essays
1306 words (3.7 pages)