One of the first uses of silicone in a medical implant came in the form of
lifesaving tubes implanted into young children to funnel excess fluid from the
brain into the chest cavity, where the fluid could be safely metabolized and
excreted. Since these "shunts" were first used, in the late 1950s, silicone in
various forms has come to be an important part of many implants. "It is used in
tracheotomy tubes, in artificial lenses for the eye, in artificial heart valves
and in facial implants for birth defects or re-constructive surgery after
cancer" (Ames 1).
The most widely used implementation of silicone is through breast re-
constructive surgery through elective surgery of an individual, or re-
constructive surgery to replace breasts due to women recovering from
mastectomies from breast cancer or miscellaneous types of accidents.
The early history and use of implants showed no ill effects of the use
of paraffin or silicone. Because of this newly developed surgical process and
relatively little use of FDA guidelines there was no comprehensive testing done
to ensure the utmost safety of a silicone recipient.
By this time the millions of women throughout the world who already had
Dow's silicone prosthesis implanted into their breasts had no idea of the
dramatic health risks. Because of these potential health risks, women should
avoid the use of breast implants.
In 1976, Congress gave the FDA authority to regulate breast
implants. By this time breast implants had been in use for a
significant amount of time and were considered "grandfathered."
This means that they were allowed to remain on the market, even though they
have not gone through stringent testing. The FDA felt there was no evidence to
substantiate that the implants were harmful. Furthermore Congress also gave the
FDA the power to go back and require manufactures to provide proof that the
implants were indeed safe and effective, if it was felt that there was a reason
to do so. (Bruning 7)
"In 1977, Richard Mithoff, a Houston attorney, wins the first lawsuit
for a Cleveland woman who claims that her ruptured impla...
... middle of paper ...
internal memo's, thousands of these memo's revealed lack of long term
testing, complaints from doctors, and leakage of silicone from the implants.
The most outrageous incident discovered was complaints from surgeons of
implants rupturing in the operating room, as they tried to install them into
women's breasts (Byrne 98).
Pathology reports indicate considerable silicone reaction to the extruded
material can cause severe foreign body reaction in susceptible individuals. A
letter written to Dow Corning from Charles A. Vinnick a predominant cosmetic
surgeon in California wrote: " I am loathe to publish my series of cases as I
feel that it may open Pandora's box. I do feel, however, that rapid
dissemination of this information is very necessary to protect your comapny and
my colleagues" (Bryne 98). Vinnick complained to Dow about an incident when he
removed a pair of silicone implants, the gel in a ruptured implant was terribly
runny while the gel inside the other implant was of ideal cohesion. This
difference led him and some others to believe that when silicone gel came into
contact with tissue fluids and fat the gel's consistency changed.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Breast Lifts Implants There are different methods of lifting a sagged breast; one of the preferred methods is breast lift implants. Breast is one of the sensitive parts of a woman; many women would prefer that their breasts remain firm forever. However, for certain factors such as age, birth, breast-feeding and weight loss the woman would naturally start having breasts sagging. Apart from breasts sag some women want to increase or decrease the sizes of their breasts; this is the case for women who do not want small-sized breasts.... [tags: esthetic-plastic surgery]
611 words (1.7 pages)
- Friday, 19 May, 2000, 10:13 GMT 11:13 UK Huge rupture rate in breast implants Many of the inplants had ruptured Almost seven out of ten silicone-gel breast implants scanned by researchers had developed a leak. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) study could reawaken the debate over the safety of breast implants. Many women claim that leaking silicone-gel has sparked serious illness, including chronic autoimmune disease. The FDA team used MRI scans too look at 344 women with implants. They found that 69% had a least one ruptured implant.... [tags: essays research papers]
2992 words (8.5 pages)
- Breast Implants In the early 1980’s breast implants began gaining popularity, but they have been on the market since the early 1960’s. They were invented by plastic surgeons Cronin and Gerow. Dow Corning began manufacturing them commercially in 1962. Today over two million women have undergone breast augmentation surgery. There are many negative consequences that may arise from the surgery, and there is always the risk of infection or rupture. When beginning my research on the subject I assumed there would be a plethora of information.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2039 words (5.8 pages)
- Breast Implants Why do women get breast implants. Do the breast implants make them feel good about themselves. Breast implants are a serious threat because, there are many risks involved, there are many disorders that are possible, and there are illnesses that you could catch after the operation. According to Marian Segal, many of the women who have had breast implants don’t exactly understand what is in their body. Silicone contains organic compounds, which have the physical properties of oils,resins or rubber, and which are more stable when exposed to heat and oxygen thanordinary organic substances.... [tags: Srgumentative Persuasive]
781 words (2.2 pages)
- Breast Implants, Breast Augmentation, and American Culture Breast augmentation is rapidly becoming a common procedure among women in the United States. Shows detailing the surgery on TV station such as MTV and VH1 show mothers and their daughters getting implants together and teenage girls thrilled with their new 34-D chests. What most of these shows don't mention are the possible risks and painful recovery that come with the procedure. That breast implants are becoming more and more an accepted part of popular culture raises several questions.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- Abstract The subject of my paper will be an investigation into the manufacture of silicone breast implants by Dow Corning and what caused this scandal to become corporate crime. This subject is of special interest to me because my mother has been in litigation with Dow Corning since the late 1980's. I will use several research methods for development of this research paper. They will include researching books and the use of the internet. I believe that my findings will show that for more than thirty years Dow Corning manufactured and distributed an unsafe product with the knowledge that its recipients were being put in danger.... [tags: Sociology]
2368 words (6.8 pages)
- Hilary Duff Plastic Surgery has helped her in reclaiming the title of one of the most beautiful Hollywood actresses of all time. She has undergone cosmetic surgeries for breast augmentation, rhinoplasty and lip enhancement which has brought her back into the public eye. Hilary Duff Plastic Surgery has been the talk between her fans on the internet as her gorgeous and charming looks are back which were fading with age. She started her career as a Disney star character Lizzie McGuire and soon become America’s Sweetheart.... [tags: Plastic surgery, Breast implant, Breast]
951 words (2.7 pages)
- The Benefits and Risks of Breast Augmentation Every day women are bombarded with images of beautiful models with thin figures and huge round breast. In striving to achieve the ?ideal. body type women are altering their bodies; cosmetic surgery has increased enormously in the past few years. Breast augmentation alone has increased 500% since 1992. What are the benefits of having big voluptuous breasts. Do the benefits overweigh the risks. There are two main types of breast implants. One is filled with silicone gel and the other is filled with saline (sterile salt water); both of these implants have an outer silicone shell.... [tags: Breast Implant Plastic Surgery Essays Papers]
1150 words (3.3 pages)
- After the removal of a breast, either partial (lumpectomy) or complete (mastectomy) a woman may consider to have the breast reformed by having breast reconstruction work carried out. However, it has been reported that although the majority of these women have been mostly satisfied with its outcome, still a sizable 20% are not. The decision to have breast reconstruction work carried out after a mastectomy is usually a very personal decision, and something that may well depend on the inner feelings of the woman involved.... [tags: the partial or total removal of a breast, surgery]
570 words (1.6 pages)
- Got baby milk. : The breast versus bottle feud Innovations continuously push the boundaries in order to better fulfill basic human “necessities”, and yet as technology progresses and the world evolves, some traditional practices remain. These practices have not only withstood the test of time but have also become cultural adaptations. When a tradition or a norm is adopted, contrasting innovations threaten their existence, therefore causing a feud to emerge. A noteworthy feud, dating back centuries, is the bottle versus breast debacle namely because there is no more a touchy subject than that of an infant’s well-being.... [tags: Breastfeeding, Breast milk, Infant formula]
1295 words (3.7 pages)