In the short story "Through the Tunnel", Doris Lessing describes the adventure of Jerry, a young English boy trying to swim through an underwater tunnel. Throughout the story, the author uses the third person omniscient point of view to describe the boy's surroundings and to show us both what he and the other characters are thinking and what is happening around them. By using this point of view, the author is able to describe the setting of the story, give a detailed description of the characters, and make the theme visible.
By using the third person omniscient point of view, the narrator can give us a detailed and unbiased description of his/her surroundings while still retaining part of the character's view of reality. When the narrator says "It was a wild-looking place, and there was no one there" we are given the mother's view of the boy's beach, which in her opinion is "wild looking". This gives us a clear picture of the setting. Additionally, the sentence "He went out fast over the gleaming sand, over a middle region where rocks lay like discolored monsters under the surface, and then he was in the real sea - a warm sea where irregular cold currents from the deep water shocked his limbs" clearly describes the beach where the boy is swimming and how it is seen by him. With the addition of words like "discoloured monsters" and "real sea" we can tell what the boy's feeling are toward his beach which he considers scary but at the same time challenging.
By using the third person omnisci...
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... is something that must be experienced by oneself and Jerry's mother decision to "let him go" symbolizes a detachment from the family that must occur one day or another in everybody's life.
In conclusion, it is necessary to use the third person omniscient point of view because in this story, things must be described in detail and without a biased perspective (how the beach looked in Jerry's eyes), a lot of essential information (what his mother thinks about letting Jerry go alone to the beach) about the story's setting and its characters have to be given, thus providing the reader with a number of clues that help him or her render the story and all its elements in his/her mind, so that the theme can be comprehended and thought upon, thus fulfilling the author's purpose of divulging his or her ideas.
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