Aristotle wrote 170 books, 47 of which still exist more than two thousand years later. Aristotle was also a philosopher who wrote about ethics, psychology, economics, theology, politics, and rhetoric. Later inventions like the telescope and microscope would prove many of Aristotle’s theories to be incorrect, but his ideas formed the basis of modern science.
Aristotle's most successful scientific writings were those on biology. He studied over five hundred animal species and dissected nearly fifty of them. He was particularly interested in sea life and observed that the dolphin brought forth its young alive and nourished the fetus by means of a special organ called a placenta. No fish did this, but all mammals did, so Aristotle classed the dolphin with the beasts of the field rather than with the fish of the sea. His successors did not follow his lead, and it took two thousand years for biologists to catch up to Aristotle in this respect.
In physics Aristotle was far less successful than in biology. He accepted the heavenly spheres of Eudoxus and ...
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- Gerald E. Wright JR PHIL-386R 08 Mar 2016 Aristotle on Nature (Nature?s Motion) Aristotle discusses in Physics Book 2 that nature has motion. He clearly states ?Of things that exist, some exit by nature, some from other causes. By nature the animals and their parts exist, and the plants and the simple bodies (earth, fire, air, water) . for we say that these exist by nature. (Physics, Book II, Chapter I, 192b 9-11). I claim that even when things of nature are turned into artifacts (desks, statues, buildings, etc.) that the inherent motion that nature has given the base materials remains and that nothing man can do will change the end.... [tags: Causality, Aristotle, Philosophical concepts]
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- While Aristotle is widely known for his political theories, not as many people are familiar with Alfarabi. Alfarabi, however, modeled many of his teachings in the Political Regime on Plato and Aristotle. This is indicated when Alfarabi traveled to Damascus to gain knowledge in philosophy. It is thought, nevertheless, that he never read Aristotle 's Politics, but Alfarabi is recognized as the "second teacher" after Aristotle. Aristotle and Alfarabi, thus, share several similarities in their instruction.... [tags: Political philosophy, Government, Aristotle]
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- Aristotle's Logical Foundation of Physiognomics ABSTRACT: Whenever we meet an unknown person, our first judgment, even unwillingly and often subconsciously, starts from his or her external appearance. Since character can be properly recognized only from words and deeds observed over some time, at first sight we have to rely on what we immediately can see. This physiognomical first approach to each other is as old as humankind, and, though it has never been able to be proved a proper science, in everyday life we all believe in and use physioculture.... [tags: Aristotle]
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- 384 B.C.E., Aristotle was born in Stagira, Greece. At the age of fourteen, Aristotle went to Athens to study Philosophy with Plato. Although he studied with Plato, he did not always agree with some of his teachings. When Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and traveled to Macedonia. While in Macedonia, Aristotle tutored Alexander the Great. Later on in his life, Aristotle returned to Athens and created a school of him own, Lyceum. When Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C.E., Aristotle fled to Euboea to avoid charges and execution.... [tags: Aristotle, Causality, Soul, Philosophy]
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- Aristotle, a Greek philosopher and scientist, who became a famous figure of philosophy in the history of ancient Greek. Aristotle being more of a practical minded individual than Plato or Socrates, he is best known for rejecting Plato 's theory of forms. Aristotle influence such topics as logic, metaphysics, physics, botany, mathematics, ethics, biology, politics, medicine, agriculture, dance and theatre. Aristotle was born in 384 BC in what was known to be the city of Stagira, Chalcidice on the northern border of known as Classical Greece.... [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great]
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- The subject which the question focuses on is the view of Aristotle’s ideal state. The distinction between hierarchy and equality is at the heart of the understanding of Aristotle’s ideal state. He claims that an ideal state ought to be arranged to maximise the happiness of its citizens. So happiness together with political action is the telos of human life. This end can be reached by living a better ethical life. However, he endorses hierarchy over equality. On one hand we have the equality which benefits everyone; on the other hand we have the distinction of classes meant in terms of diversities and differences where the middle one appears to be the means through which the state is balanced... [tags: Aristotle's Ideal State, Happiness Politics]
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- The great Greek thinker Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. in Stagirus, a city in ancient Macedonia in northern Greece. At the age of eighteen Aristotle went to Athens to begin his studies at Plato's Academy. He stayed and studied at the Academy for nineteen years and in that time became both a teacher and an independent researcher. After Plato's death in 347 B.C. Aristotle spent twelve years traveling and living in various places around the Aegean Sea. It was during this time that Aristotle was asked by Philip of Macedon to be a private tutor to his son, Alexander.... [tags: physics aristotle]
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- I We know that Aristotle thinks that (a) the good life consists in excellent, distinctively human activity, (b) such activity involves character and an ideal of what is noble and worth doing for its own sake, and (c) that this activity is (deeply) enjoyable and satisfying because in so acting, the virtuous person is doing just what she wants to be doing. II In Books VIII and IX, Aristotle discusses the role of friendship in the good life. From what has been said so far, it is clear that he must think there is an intimate link between friendship and virtuous activity.... [tags: Philosophy, Aristotle 2014]
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- Aristotle’s Categories Things are said to be named 'equivocally' when, though they have a common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for each. Thus, a real man and a figure in a picture can both lay claim to the name 'animal'; yet these are equivocally so named, for, though they have a common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for each. For should any one define in what sense each is an animal, his definition in the one case will be appropriate to that case only.... [tags: Philosophy Aristotle]
3325 words (9.5 pages)
- Aristotle’s thoughts on ethics conclude that all humans must have a purpose in life in order to be happy. I believe that some of the basics of his ideas still hold true today. This essay points out some of those ideas. It was Aristotle’s belief that everything, including humans, had a telos or goal in life. The end result or goal was said to be happiness or “eudaimonia”. He explained that eudaimonia was different for each person, and that each had a different idea of what it meant. Further, he said that people must do things in moderation, but at the same time do enough.... [tags: Aristotle and the Concept of Telos]
577 words (1.6 pages)