Two percent of preteens and five percent of adolescents suffer from depression (www.about-teen-depression.com 2014). There are specific signs and symptoms associated with depression, which are helpful in detection of the illness. There are various ways to treat depression, such as medication, group therapy, and/or herbal supplements. There are pros and cons with each treatment, but the worst coincides with the medication –suicide. Much research has been conducted, which will be discussed in the paper that has shown a link to antidepressants and suicide. However, there is also evidence that the suicide rate could be decreased with proper diagnosis and early, supervised treatment for depression, especially when dealing with children and adolescents.
Depression is the newest epidemic sweeping across the world, affecting adults, teenagers, and even children. In fact, surveys have indicated that one in every five teenagers suffer from clinical depression (NMHA 2004). The illness can be found anywhere and appears to make the news each and every day. Depression is a condition that has no preference in its victims, meaning that it will strike people of all ages, races, and backgrounds. However, research has indicated that the onset of depression is now occurring earlier in life compared to past decades (Klerman and Weissman 1989). Knowing this, depression is a condition that needs to be cured immediately.
There are many signs and symptoms commonly associated with depression, although most do vary with each individual. Most symptoms include frequent sadness, feelings of hopelessness, decreased activity, persistent boredom and low energy, social isolation, low self esteem, extreme sensitivity, frequents complaints of illness, poor concentration, and thoughts or expression of suicide (www.focusas.com). In order to be diagnosed as suffering from depression, patients must have 2 or more of the above symptoms for at least two weeks that cause severe distress or interfere with daily life (Zoloft 2001).
The specific causes of depression are not known. It is suggested that depression is actually a result of a combination of certain factors, such as biological and psychosocial factors (Kendler 1995, www.surgeongeneral.gov 2004). Most likely, depression is the result of a chemical imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain (NYU 2004). Thes...
... middle of paper ...
...ent of pharmacotherapies for clinical depression in children and adolescents. Drug Safety. Jan; 20 (1):59-75.
Shaffer D, Craft L. 1999. Methods of Adolescent Suicide Prevention. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 60: 70-74.
Simon H and Stern T. 2003 – Review. Harvard Medical School.
Strober M, Schmidt-Lackner S, Freeman R et al. 1995. Recovery and relapse in adolescents with bipolar affective illness: a five-year naturalistic, prospective follow-up. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 34(6):724-731.
Sullivan, P., Neale, M. C. & Kendler, K. S. 2000. Genetic epidemiology of major depression: review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry. 157: 1552-1562.
Vanderkooy JD, Kennedy SH, Bagby RM. 2002. Antidepressant side effects in depression patients treated in a naturalistic setting. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 47: 174-180.
Wagner KD, Ambrosini P, Rynn M, et al. 2003. Efficacy of sertraline in the treatment of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder. JAMA. 290: 1033-1041.
Whittington CJ et al. 2004. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors in childhood depression. Lancel. 363: 1341-1345.
Zoloft. 2004. . [accessed 21 September 2004].
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Imagine your friend standing on top of a tall building, he takes one last breath and says his last goodbye to his family and friends, and he jumps off to his death. By him doing this, he is making a solution that cannot be fixed. He might have solved his own problems by killing himself, but imagine the pain, and suffering that his friends, family and people across the world go through. Many wonder why he did it and what was going through his mind as he did it. Maybe he even told you he was going to commit suicide and you didn’t believe him and thought he was joking.... [tags: Suicide, Major depressive disorder]
1015 words (2.9 pages)
- College Students and Anti-Depressants Starting college can be a stressful time for any adolescent. For students suffering from depression it can be a traumatic experience. Worlds feel turned upside down. Even for those who manage to “cope,” pressures can cause these students to feel overwhelmed. Upon meeting Katelyn*, no one would ever suspect this tiny, thin blonde with a bubbly personality to be shy, much less depressed. Katelyn is a 19-year-old Northeastern University sophomore, who has been suffering from depression for about three years.... [tags: Depression Psychology Drugs Essays]
2689 words (7.7 pages)
- Each year, thousands of our children are dying, not from cancer or car accidents, but by their own hands. They make the choice to take their lives. The number of teenagers who take their lives is rapidly increasing each year. Teen suicide has increased four-fold in the last few decades and is now the third leading cause of death among youth 15-25 years of age('Teen Suicide,';NP). In youth 5-14 years of age, suicide is the sixth leading cause of death('TeenSuicide,';NP). Teen suicide is out of control and no one seems to realize just how bad the issue is becoming.... [tags: Teenage Suicide Essays]
606 words (1.7 pages)
- Introduction Teen depression is a serious condition that can be a devastating problem for both the child and parent. It is a disorder that reduces their moods thus causing loss of interest in things they should enjoy and make them irritable. In this literature review we are going to examine the use of antidepressants to treat teen depression. It will also look at the risks of suicides increased as a result of taking antidepressants and the measures taken to reduce this problem. Can antidepressants use in Teenagers increase suicide rates/thoughts.... [tags: Teenage Suicide Essays]
1027 words (2.9 pages)
- The third leading cause of death amongst teenagers: Suicide Did you know that suicide is currently the third leading cause of death among teenagers in the United States. (4). In 1992, more teenagers and young adults died from suicide than those who died from stroke, cancer, heart disease, AIDS, birth defects, pneumonia, influenza and chronic lung disease combined (4). Suicide is definitely a compelling problem amongst youth in the U.S today. It is estimated that 300 to 400 teen suicides occur per year in Los Angeles County; which is equivalent to one teenager lost every day (1).... [tags: Teenage Suicide Essays]
1184 words (3.4 pages)
- Almost every day we hear about someone attempting or committing suicide. Whether it is on the internet, television, newspaper, or even by word, suicide is a harsh reality that is overlooked and undermined. According to one online article, “Teen Suicide Statistics,” In a survey conducted by the National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center on high school students it was found that more than one in five teens contemplated suicide, almost one in six had arranged plans for suicide, and about one in 12 had followed through with their plans, in the previous year.... [tags: Psychology]
835 words (2.4 pages)
- You may have heard someone say the famous saying, “Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me.” You may also have heard, “I am rubber and you're glue, whatever you say bounces off of me, and sticks to you”. Unfortunately those sayings aren’t as realistic as they may seem. Studies show 5,000 adolescents commit suicide each year, and the U.S. Society often ignores the signs leading up to teen suicide. Then they notice when it’s too late. Unfortunately, we say “We didn’t see the signs”, and we blame society, however, we don’t realize that we are society.... [tags: bullying, society, kill]
764 words (2.2 pages)
- Since Teen Suicide is the second leading cause of teenage death in the United States, there is a need for legislation that promotes awareness and education about Cyber-Bullying. by R. Hassan February 8, 2011 Fourth Period Mr. Cicala Robinson Secondary School Since Teen suicide is the second leading cause of teenage death in the United States, there is a need for legislation that promotes awareness and education about Cyber-Bullying. Due to the growth of technology in the American society, the younger generations of adolescents are adapting to the excessive use of computers, cell phones, and social-networking sites.... [tags: bullying, teen suicide, technology, teenagers]
2406 words (6.9 pages)
- Children’s mental health is an increasingly important topic that has been widely ignored and under researched in the past. Along with new studies on the rate of mental illness during childhood, there are now studies on the types of treatments that can aid or hinder a child’s development into a functioning adult. While reading through the textbook a small section discussed the increased instances of child and adolescent suicidality or suicidal ideation after taking prescription antidepressants. The section described an FDA study, which connected the use of antidepressants with suicidal thoughts and ideation.... [tags: Suicide, Bipolar disorder]
1299 words (3.7 pages)
- Each year, thousands of children are dying, not from cancer, getting shot, or car accidents, but by their own hands. They make the choice to take their lives; they commit suicide. To begin, what is “Suicide”. According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, suicide is the act or instance of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally. The number of teenagers who take their lives is rapidly increasing each year. Teen suicide is escalating out of control and no one seems to realize just how severe the issue has become.... [tags: Teenage Suicide Essays]
1059 words (3 pages)