identity, as seen in the following five historical cultural periods:
Enlightenment Culture; Greco-Roman Culture; Judeo-Christian Culture;
Renaissance-Reformation Culture; and Industrialization-Modernism Culture. It
also embodies examples of each era that are clearly stated, and how they relate
to the cultural period.
The cultural identity of the Enlightenment can be described as emphasizing
the possibilities of human reason. This idea can be illustrated with such
examples as Thomas Jefferson, Denis Diderot, and Protestantism. Thomas
Jefferson was considered among one of the most brilliant American exponents of
the Enlightenment culture. He had the time and the resources to educate himself
in many topics including history, literature, law, architecture, science, and
philosophy. He had the motivation and the connections to apply Enlightenment
political philosophy to nation-building. Denis Diderot was a French
encyclopedist and philosopher, who also composed plays, novels, essays, and art.
He greatly influenced other Enlightenment thinkers with his translations of
Encyclopedie ou dictionnaire raisonne des sciences, des arts et des metiers,
usually known as Encyclopedie. He used this translation as a powerful
propaganda weapon against Ecclesiastical authority, and the semifeudal social
reforms of the time. Protestantism is a good example also. It is one of the
three major divisions of Christianity. It displays the release of traditional
religion and the movement to worldly learning and the rise of protests against
the controlled way of expressing one's self. It allows the human himself to
reason out the way that he thinks, instead of an authority telling him how to do
so therefore, extending his mind.
The Industrialism-Modernism culture is a culture that represents social,
economical, and scientific advancement, as well as self-doubt, uncertainty, and
alienation. These traits can be characterized with such examples as Werner
Heisenberg, Epicureanism, and Eli Whitney. Werner Heisenberg was a German
physicist known especially for his development in quantum mechanics and his
principle of indeterminacy, or theory of uncertainty. This theory explained how
it is impossible to know specifically the position and momentum of a particle,
an electron for example, with a...
... middle of paper ...
characterized by flying buttresses and stained glass. The flying buttresses not
only enabled the churches to be built higher, but also gave them a majestic look.
The Renaissance-Reformation culture is that of a revolution of changes in
western civilization. Humanism, the revival of classical learning and
speculative inquiry beginning in the fifteenth century in Italy during the early
Renaissance, disabled the monopolies of the church's learning, and spread the
ability to gain knowledge. The invention of the printing press with moveable
type, enabled the supply of books circulating to expand, leading to increased
ideas throughout Europe. The Reformation took many forms in society, but all of
them mainly deal with the idea that knowledge is power, and power was obtained
easier because of the creation of the printing blocks, therefore, enabling
people to change society because they were more educated.
In conclusion, the preceding information illustrates the cultural periods
of Enlightenment; Greco-Roman; Judeo-Christian; Renaissance-Reformation; and
Industrialization-Modernism. Each have examples clearly stated, and explain how
they relate to the period.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Closely related with this experience of time and space in Emily Dickinson's poetry is the frequent use of tension-filled metaphors and abrupt pauses. In analyzing the structure of each particular movement the reader is struck by two apparently contradictory time principles. On the one hand, Whitman demonstrates a consistent style of for rhythmic and measured motion, represented by an irresistible progression in the form of regular steps that show the advance of generations across centuries. The march of progress exemplifies Whitman’s belief in the perfectibility of a universe and the careful line that must be drawn between a hopeful utopian society and the measureable reality.... [tags: ideals, identity, transformed, language]
1236 words (3.5 pages)
- Geert Hofstede, a behavioral scientist, his most remarkable work is in developing cultural dimensions theory that provides a structure for intercultural communication. With factor analysis, the theory states the impact of culture on values under the work-associated context, and how these values influence human behaviors. Hofstede has defined “culture” as “the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from others” (Hofstede, 2011). According to his definition, culture is a collective phenomenon which can connect with different others.... [tags: Geert Hofstede, Cross-cultural communication]
1238 words (3.5 pages)
- Sleep, sex, and food are the three most important aspect of a human life. Each of them represents resting, reproducing, and surviving – essential elements that form the foundation of human culture and society. The status of these elements always represents the social stature and cultural ideology, of the desire or dislike of people. Some standards are universal, while some are uniquely formed through generations of different cultural traditions. Food in this case might be the most simple and yet the hardest ideology of desire for anthropologists to catch.... [tags: Sociology Food Culture]
1591 words (4.5 pages)
- Human beings are inherently born into various social groups whether it be through race, ethnicity, gender or cultural backgrounds. As an individual grows and develops these social group become more complex through friends, beliefs, sexual preferences, interests and desires. It is within these social groups individuals develop and form sense of pride, belonging, validation and identity. The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast Social Identity Theory and Social Representations Theory using race and discrimination as an underlying theme.... [tags: Sociology, Social psychology, Racism, Identity]
1552 words (4.4 pages)
- Ever since the beginning and the development of human race, mankind has known the value of identity and individuality. The quest for identity and the fear of losing it has been most prominent factor in most of the historic wars and fights. All the wars, intrusions and slavery have been the result of man’s desire of establishing his superiority over others and making his name known to more number of people. For accomplishing this desire, mankind has migrated, emigrated, immigrated and even intruded various foreign places, hence increasing the reasons for disturbances and the countries like India, which are the land of religious and cultural diversity, became more prone to the problem of co... [tags: Manto, Pakistan, identity]
2266 words (6.5 pages)
- THEORIES REGARDING A HUMAN BEING’S GENDER DEVELOPMENT. Many factors and components contribute to gender development in individuals. The following paper details four theoretical approaches-biological, interpersonal, cultural, and critical, and the role each play in determination of a human’s gender development. In addition, a brief explication of each theory is most significant as well as the most feasible in regards to gender development. THE THEORETICAL APPROACHES BIOLOGICAL THEORY. Begin with a look at the biological aspect of gender development.... [tags: Gender, Human, Gender identity, Male]
1249 words (3.6 pages)
Superman; the mythic representation of cultural reality shifts in truth, justice and the American way
- The mythology of Superman is a paradigm that embodies the cultural reality of the era; constructed around an archetype of ideology, fantasies of human spiritual ambiguity, a religious messiah, and a semiotic representation of modernity. In further study, Superman can be identified to have specifically changed to adhere to American culture in three distinctive periods; midst the Great Depression and WWII, post WWII and finally the socially progressive change of the Vietnam period. In each chapter Superman was re-imagined to meet the definition of the period, a tool of propaganda over that of entertainment.... [tags: cultural reality, archetype, spiritual ambiguity]
1804 words (5.2 pages)
- While the ethics and legality of human cloning are blurry, I think human cloning would be detrimental to the human race. First of all, a lot of unwanted clones can end up happening because the process of cloning seems to be very limited success from what we know now. Screwing up from trying to obtain the nearest perfect clone should not be an option. It would be unfortunate for the women to go through the whole process and have to get rid of it, just because it did not turn out correct. Where will all the mess ups or unsuccessful clones remain at.... [tags: Cloning, Human, Human cloning, Thought]
1060 words (3 pages)
- The concept of culture and identity has been described by many sociological explanations which define socialisation as a process of learning culture and shaping identities. From the first stage of lives, people present instinctual behaviour (like: crying for the need of food) but as they get older, they have to learn how to behave in situations which will be acceptable for culture, for example: eating at specific times. Throughout socialisation, people shape their identities - conception and expression of their own becomes an essential feature in creating their unique characters and personalities.... [tags: Sociology, Culture, Marxism, Working class]
2111 words (6 pages)
- Introduction Michel Foucault and Erving Goffman’s work was centralised around there two different concepts of how your identity is formed through the process of power and expert knowledge. This Essay will discuss the ideas of Michel Foucault who was a French Social Theorist. His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge and how both of these are used as a form of social control through society. The essay will look at Foucault’s work in The Body and Sexuality, Madness and Civilisation and Discipline and Punish which displays how he conceptualised Power and identity on a Marxist and macro basis of study.... [tags: analysis, michael foucault, erving goffman]
1988 words (5.7 pages)