Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species Essay

Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species Essay

Length: 2156 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Charles Darwin in his book, On the Origin of Species, presents us with a theory of natural selection. This theory is his attempt at an explanation on how the world and its' species came to be the way that we know them now. Darwin writes on how through a process of millions of years, through the effects of man and the effects of nature, species have had an ongoing trial and error experiment. It is through these trials that the natural world has developed beneficial anomalies that at times seem too great to be the work of chance.

Darwin writes on how a species will adapt to its environment given enough time. When an animal gains a genetic edge over its competitors, be they of the same species or of another genus altogether, the animal has increased its chance of either procreation or adaptation. When this animal has this beneficial variance, the advantage becomes his and because of this, the trait is then passed on to the animals offspring.

The theory of natural selection is not limited to inheritable and beneficial variations of a species. It also relies a great deal on the population growth and death of a species. For a species to continue to exist it must make sure of a few things. It must first produce more offspring that survive. If this is not done then the species is obviously going to die off. It is also important for the species to propagate at such a rate as to allow for variance, for it is variance that will ultimately allow the animal to exist comfortably in his surroundings. In his studies, Darwin was led to understand that “…the species of the larger genera in each country would oftener present varieties, than the species of the smaller genera;” (p. 55). Thus the larger species would adapt while the smaller one would not. And to quote Darwin again, “…if any one species does not become modified and improved in a corresponding degree with its competitors, it will soon be exterminated.” (p. 102)

Extinction, although not as pleasant a concept as the idea of adapting to ones surroundings, plays just as large a role in natural selection as anything else. As one adaptation of a species proves beneficial, and as that variation begins to propagate, the original, less advantageous variant will die off. It is the unchanged species that are in immediate conflict with the species undergoing the natural adaptation that stand to suffer...


... middle of paper ...


...was one hundred percent. Sometimes his arguments fell a little flat and at other times he sounded a bit trite as if he were challenging others to come up with a better answer. And in some ways I hope he was. In the meantime, however, I think he could have done a better job.

I am an evolutionist. I have always been an evolutionist. For years now I have known the premise of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. And for years now I have blindly believed it. Having read his book, I can still say that I believe in evolution, and I believe in Darwin’s work. But if there was ever a doubt in my mind it was only because Darwin put it there. It is because of this that I truly think Darwin was fair in the utmost sense of the word. Had he not been fair, which he could have been, he could have made a most convincing argument. But he stated every question in his theories and did his best to rebut. And I feel that in his rebuttal, he was convincing indeed.




Work Cited

Darwin, C. On the Origin of Species. Harvard University Press. Cambridge. 2003.

Work Consulted

Desmond, A. & Moore, J. Darwin: The Life of a Tormented Evolutionist. W.W. Norton & Company. New York. 1994

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Origin Of Species, By Charles Darwin Essay

- For billions of years, it has been believed that “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth”, according to Genesis 1:1 (ESV). This concept is referred to as creationism. Bestowed by the encyclopedia, Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated from specific acts of divine creation, or that God created the Earth and all things on it. In 1859, however, Charles Darwin published his theory in a book titled On the Origin of Species, on accord of Ker Than. A theory that just begun stating that organisms were thought to have adapted has evolved into different organisms developed other concepts....   [tags: Charles Darwin, Evolution, Natural selection]

Powerful Essays
1201 words (3.4 pages)

On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin Essay

- On November 24th, 1859, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life by Charles Darwin (renamed On the Origin of Species 13 years later) was published in London, England. In it, Charles Darwin specified his observations and gave his insight on what he thought caused evolution. He called it "natural selection." Before this, nearly everyone believed that a single God created every living organism that none of them had changed a bit since then....   [tags: natural selection, preservation]

Powerful Essays
1158 words (3.3 pages)

The Origin Of Species By Charles Darwin Essay

- Natural selection today is considered one of the main processes of evolution, and also thought to be one of the reasons that there is such great diversity between all of the organisms on the earth today (6). The Origin of Species written by Charles Darwin helps explain that for natural selection to occur there must be optimal conditions satisfied; the units must vary, the units must be able to be passed on from generation to generation, and also there must be competition for resources (6). Since all organisms differ and have different traits and genes some organisms will have an advantage over the others and also tend to produce more offspring (6)....   [tags: Natural selection, Evolution, Gene, Selection]

Powerful Essays
1219 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about The Origin of The Species by Charles Darwin

- Darwinism is a theory developed by Charles Darwin with the help of many others. It states that natural selection is the most common cause of evolution. All species of organisms arise and grow through the natural selection of inherited variations that help increase the individual's ability to survive and reproduce in its environment. 1735 Carolus Linnaeus: He believed that God had created the world in a divine order from the simplest creatures up to human beings. He said God created struggle and competition to maintain the balance of nature....   [tags: evolution, species, organisms, environment]

Powerful Essays
984 words (2.8 pages)

Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species Essay

- Charles Darwin in his book, On the Origin of Species, presents us with a theory of natural selection. This theory is his attempt at an explanation on how the world and its' species came to be the way that we know them now. Darwin writes on how through a process of millions of years, through the effects of man and the effects of nature, species have had an ongoing trial and error experiment. It is through these trials that the natural world has developed beneficial anomalies that at times seem too great to be the work of chance....   [tags: Evolution Charles Darwin Species Essays]

Powerful Essays
2156 words (6.2 pages)

The Origin Of Species By Charles Darwin Essay

- Within a span of a little over 100 years, the world changed one hundred percent in the amount of knowledge it knew about heredity. Before the mid nineteenth century scientists and people knew close to nothing about why offspring looked similar to the parents. By the end of the twentieth century, scientists and their peers not only knew why, but they could pinpoint how it happened. This had an effect on every person across the planet, and it all started with just one observation. Charles Darwin, in 1859, released his famous book On the Origin of Species....   [tags: DNA, Genetics, Francis Crick, James D. Watson]

Powerful Essays
1762 words (5 pages)

Should the Evidence We Have for Evolution Diminish the Importance of Religion in Society?

- The original of life has been, and will continue to be, a complex and broad topic that human beings attempt to examine and understand in deep for how and where lives come from. While the book of Genesis from Christian Old Testament sets the answer to be God, who created the world and all the species within six days, naturalist Charles Darwin established, in his published book The Origin of Species in 1859, which all species on Earth have indeed evolved continuously from common ancestors (Coyne, 2009)....   [tags: origin of species, charles darwin ]

Powerful Essays
1295 words (3.7 pages)

Essay The Process of Natural Selection

- ... The five year trip on the HMS Beagle to South America opened his eyes and later in 1859 Charles Darwin Published the world-changing book, On The Origin of Species. Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection has had a major impact on the way scientists think about life on earth. In the beginning, he made the distinctions that all life on earth had a common origin, so that all creatures came from an ancient common ancestor.Years later he would present his second great idea on evolution by realizing that some individuals would succeed in competition for resources and some wouldn’t....   [tags: Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species]

Powerful Essays
783 words (2.2 pages)

What is Social Darwinism? Essay

- In 1859 Charles Darwin published his work, On the Origin of Species, which was to cause a revolution in the understanding of biology. From the beginning, this scientific theory gave way to multiple misinterpretations and missapropriations by different kinds of theorists and especially by social scientists. In order to explain these misunderstandings, one must first point the main differences between darwinism and other forms of evolutionary theories, especially, Lamarckism. Analysis will follow the pointing out of some of the misinterpretations carried out during the XIXth century, while Charles Darwin was still alive....   [tags: Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species]

Powerful Essays
1257 words (3.6 pages)

Scopes Monkey Trial Essay

- The publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859 introduced the public to the theory of evolution, or the theory that all living organisms, including humans, developed and diversified from other organisms or species. Backed with findings that served as strong evidence, Darwin sparked a scientific revolution that changed the world's modern view and understanding of science. He also sparked a heated controversy among a Christian dominated society. This clash between science (Darwin's Theory of Evolution) and religion (Bible scriptures) as the teaching of evolution became widespread across the country is best reflected in the Scopes Trial of the...   [tags: Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species]

Powerful Essays
970 words (2.8 pages)