There have been many different political parties since the beginning of the American political system. A political party is made up of a group of people that share common goals and ideals, and these people work together to help elect people to offices that share these goals to represent them. Political parties work to try to control the government and their ultimate goal is to win as many elections and to gain as many offices as possible.
During the time when the Constitution was being debated over the first two political parties surfaced in the United States, the Federalists, and the Anti-Federalists. After the Constitution was ratified the Anti-Federalists, led by Thomas Jefferson, became the Democratic Republicans. The war of 1812 ended the Federalist Party. The Democratic Republicans began to split over issues and some supported Andrew Jackson’s policies and became known as Democrats. Those who opposed Andrew Jackson’s policies became known as the Whigs. The Whig Party ended over the slavery controversy. The anti-slavery issue led to the creation of the Republican Party, while the Democrats were pro-slavery. Which left us with the two political parties we still have today: the Democrats and the Republicans.
The first two parties that I am going to discuss are the Federalists and the Democratic Republicans. The Federalists became a political party in 1787 during the
debate for ratification of the Constitution. They worked to try to get states to ratify the
Constitution. Federalists were those who supported a strong national government, unlike the government that existed under the Articles of Confederation. They encouraged the industries, and they establishment of a well ordered society. The Federalists were a powerful and wealthy party consisting of businessmen, lawyers, bankers and highly educated men and gained a lot of their support from the North, where business was strong. They believed that the most important branch of the government was the executive branch, and a strong president was needed in order to make the country strong. Some important Federalist party supporters were: George Washington, John Adams, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton. The Federalists, during John Adams presidency, established the nation’s economy and enjoyed successes with their domestic policies. They also s...
... middle of paper ...
...ven Democrats were becoming divided among themselves Abraham Lincoln became the first Republican president in 1860. The party platform included a high protective tariff, free homesteads, and a transcontinental railroad, all of which gained support from the westerners, farmers, and eastern manufacturing interests. The Republicans emerged from the Civil War with great political strength. They defeated the Confederate armies, the slaves were liberated and the union of the states was preserved. After the war, the republicans supported high tariffs and promoted economic development. The Democrats were seen as the party of slavery, but they did have some northerners support, mainly because of their support of free trade policies (www.encyclopedia.com). Though the Democrat and Republican Parties are still around to this day, the issues they support are very different than they used to be.
There have been many different political parties come and go in American history and there will likely be more in the future. As long as people continue to have
different ideas on the best way to run the nation and the best way to govern the people we will have a multi-party political system.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Political systems are very complex to comprehend if one doesn’t know the role of most agencies, branches, and parties. Government functions are not as independent in ruling as one might think; for they are composed of multiple branches and most branches consist of politicians coming from multiple parties. Political Parties are accordingly the essence of politics, they define a country’s political system; one party, bi-partisan, or multiparty system. The inter-relation between parties and governments is an important phenomenon in political science, because parties are basically the connecting link between the people and their governments.... [tags: Role of Political Parties]
2719 words (7.8 pages)
- There two major political contemporary parties of the United States of America consist of the Republican and the Democratic Party. Each party has its own political ideology. The salience of political ideology between the Democratic - Republican Party are vital to understand the core principles of each party and the variations between them. The main differences between them is how each political party feels about the principles and the role of the government should be. The core philosophy on republicans is based on limiting power of government intervention over the state, they feel the federal government shouldn't be involved in state affairs.... [tags: American history, political systems]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- The Decline of American Political Parties, Martin P. Wattenberg Introduction The element of politics in America is very dynamic and even at times controversial; it seeks to encompass wide array and area in a manner that binds and restricts numerous the elements of the society that continue to dictate various elements. It is important to understand the position of race within the contemporary American society. Since time immemorial, various the different races tended to assume a competing stance against each other as they struggled to bring about an element of coherence and nobility into the whole idea of politics.... [tags: diverse society, political ideologies]
1926 words (5.5 pages)
- Canada’s political and governmental systems, while much like our own here in the U.S., is rather different and, of course, has its own unique story and parties that clash for control during debates and elections. Much like our country, Canada’s two main political parties are the Liberals and Conservatives, but more have sprung up over the years, and the country has come up from a two party system to the multi party system it calls its own today. Canada’s governmental system, as you may already know, is one of democracy.... [tags: Debates, Elections, Political Parties]
997 words (2.8 pages)
- The question as to what dictates the relationships and conflicts between the different political parties in Thailand is an intriguing one. While some may believe that the underlying influence is ambition, there is more substance to the argument that it is in fact political principles, personal loyalty, family alliance and, most importantly, political paranoia, which dictate Thai politics. The paranoia arises from a mutual distrust and fear that a fellow Thai member of the resistance may have some hidden agenda that is incompatible and in conflict with their own.... [tags: ideological differences, political parties]
589 words (1.7 pages)
- There has been much speculation whether political parties have become too strong in American politics and if that is a good or bad thing. My belief is that political party power in the United States is just about right where I believe that there are some instances where political parties have been in situations where they have too much power and instances where it is moderate. First off, political parties are crucial to our democratic government because it is composed of a group of people that the constituents elect to represent their issues or achieve a common goal.... [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, Law]
1392 words (4 pages)
- Political parties are critical structures in the modern society and universal phenomena in most democracies. In fact, they form major objects of intensive study as they are usually the centre of political and social power. They engage in most activities that are of significant consequence in the lives of citizens and link the common populace to the government. Therefore, it is important to understand political parties fully from every perspective of political systems so obtain their real importance in democracies.... [tags: Republicans and Democrats]
1311 words (3.7 pages)
- American Political parties serve some important functions of a Democratic system. Some responsibilities include the nomination of candidates, governing, informing and activating support, and acting as a watchdog. Primarily, a party will organize and attempt to get their candidate elected to affect the overall governance of the Executive and Legislative branches. Parties regularly engage the media outlets to raise awareness either for or against pieces of proposed legislation. Additionally Political Parties will act as a watchdog, ensuring the honesty and legitimacy of the opposing party.... [tags: ideology, elections, government]
580 words (1.7 pages)
- The political party is a group of people that are organized to gather knowledge and exercise political power. All parties develop a political program that defines their ideology to set up the agenda they wish to pursue if they win elective offices or gain power through extra parliamentary means. In the United States, party candidates are usually selected through primary elections at state level. These political parties influence policy by getting their members elected or appointed to government offices.... [tags: Politics]
716 words (2 pages)
- When George Washington left office, he warned the nation about political parties fearing they were dangerous to the way government should function. Despite his warning, political parties developed and changed American politics forever. By definition, a political party is "a group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label" (O'Connor and Sabato 437). The creation of political parties can be traced back to the differing views of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton while they served in Washington's cabinet.... [tags: American History]
549 words (1.6 pages)