In 1902, a physician by the name of Sir George F. published a series of lectures to the Royal College of Physicians in England in which he described a group of impulsive children with significant behavioral problems, caused by a genetic dysfunction and not by poor child rearing?children who today would be easily recognized as having ADHD (NIMH 1). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or (ADHD) is a developmental disorder characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and an inability to remain focused on tasks or activities. ADHD afflicts an estimated 3-9% of children, with symptoms usually appearing by the age of seven. Some key characteristics of the disorder include a person who:
? Is easily distracted by events occurring around them
? Puts off anything that requires a sustained mental effort
? Appears not to listen when spoken to
? Shows a repeated failure to finish tasks
? Has a difficulty staying still
? Shows difficulty in organizing activities
These symptoms prove to be particularly challenging to children and adolescents. Although they may be quite intelligent, their lack of focus frequently results in poor grades and difficulty in school. Children and adolescents with ADHD tend to act impulsively, without addressing the consequences of their actions until it is too late. Their attention spans are much shorter than most children?s are, thus they become bored easily and frustrated with ...
... middle of paper ...
...performed by the NIMH to support the assertions that genetic disposition and neurobiology were possible causes of ADHD. Their experiment studied 152 boys and girls with ADHD, and matched with 139 age- and gender-matched controls without ADHD. The children?s brains were scanned at least twice, some as many as four times over a decade. From the documentation, this appears to be a reliable experiment because of the gender and age matched control group.
3. Is there an alternative way to interpret the evidence? In my opinion and in my observations in my life, the evidence clearly points to a strong correlation between genetics and a person?s chance of having ADHD. I have also had friends with ADHD whose parents exhibit similar symptoms.
4. What additional studies would help evaluate the alternatives?
I think that if genetic and neurobiological studies are conducted, the researcher should randomize the age groups tested, and continue their research as a long-term study.
5. What conclusions are most reasonable?
The conclusion drew was that more research needs to be conducted to before drawing an absolute conclusion that genetics and neurobiology determine the patterns of ADHD
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Abstract: This research paper describes ADHD and the treatments available. It discusses the different medications and their side effects and explains the opinions of some doctors for an alternative treatment. The main goal of the writing is to shed some light on the disorder and describe some theories about ADHD. This goal is stated in the thesis which talks about how ADHD cannot be identified exactly, the side effects to the medication are harsh, there are different alternative treatments, and research shows it may be caused from hormones and sleep deprivation.... [tags: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder]
2294 words (6.6 pages)
- In the 1970's, under pressure from feminist activists, lawyers, and legislators, most states changed their rape laws to ease the emotional burden of rape victims who testified in court. They had found that, for many women, going through the legal process was as painful as the rape itself. No longer did a woman have to show up in the court with broken bones and missing teeth to be taken seriously. Rape shield laws prohibited lawyers from delving into the victim's sexual history. As a result, rape victims started coming forward, and not only those attacked by strangers, but those assaulted by coworkers, classmates, family members, and acquaintances.... [tags: Rape Law Legislation]
1197 words (3.4 pages)
- ADHD clearly effects a child’s social environment, their friendships, and results in rejection that they experience. Intervening with social effects is, at times, difficult due to the fact that children with ADHD understand social expectations and can actually explain what is acceptable, however they are not able to behave within the social boundaries that they know exist (DuPaul & Weyandt, 2006). These children do not need to be taught what is acceptable, because they already understand what is acceptable; they are in need to learn how to behave within the social boundaries that are acceptable (DuPaul & Weyandt, 2006).... [tags: social effects, treatments, teachers]
1621 words (4.6 pages)
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ADHD and its diagnosis and treatment have been considered controversial since the 1970s. The controversies have involved clinicians, teachers, policymakers, parents and the media. Opinions regarding ADHD range from not believing it exists at all to believing there are genetic and physiological bases for the condition as well as disagreement about the use of stimulant medications in treatment. Some sociologists consider ADHD to be a "classic example of the medicalization of deviant behavior, defining a previously non medical problem as a medical one.” Most healthcare providers in U.S.... [tags: medications, treatments, Symptoms]
1374 words (3.9 pages)
- According to the National Institutes of Health attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders (NIH, 2008). All Children show the same symptoms as they are clinically related, although children with ADHD show symptoms more severe and frequent. Children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder should take medication as a part of treatment because it helps control the associated side effects of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The first reason a child should be treated with a medication is to control inattentiveness.... [tags: Functions, Chemicals, ADHD Symptoms]
475 words (1.4 pages)
- Children and ADHD Medications What is attention deficit hyper disorder. ADHD is a “chronic condition that affects pre-school or very young school children (Zivkovic 3822). ADHD symptoms are difficulty sustaining attention, impulsive behavior and hyper activity (3822). There was a research conducted by Cordest hat ADHD prevails in 3 to 5% of preschoolers and is more common in boys than in girls (3822). Children as young as three and four years of age are being diagnosed with ADHD and are being given medications.... [tags: chronic condition, treatment, behavior, parents]
1297 words (3.7 pages)
- Roger Yeager PHD states “Parenting challenging kids requires that you become a chef, not just rely on a cookbook recipe” (Miller). Approximately 9.5% or 5.4 million children 4-17 years of age have ever been diagnosed with ADHD, as of 2007. As of 2007, 2.7 million youth ages 4-17 years (66.3% of those with a current diagnosis) were receiving medication treatment for the disorder (cdc.gov). The Surgen General lists ADHD, as the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood. With numbers as these it seems imperative to know what works best for over 2.7 million children in treatment.... [tags: Medical Research]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. ADHD has been a recognized disorder for over 50 years. There are three different types of ADHD. The disorder affects both males and females. ADHD does not affect intellectual ability, individuals with this disorder are just as smart as others. Doctors and researchers are still not sure why some people have ADHD. Researchers show that the disorder of ADHD probably genetic and that it may be inherited.... [tags: attention deficit, hyperactivity]
960 words (2.7 pages)
- Many researchers are finding more valuable discoveries about ADHD. With these new researches will parents raise a concern about their child’s health. Chances are, most parents will ask questions, as well as do research for logic reasoning. Although most parents should consider using treatment like therapy or counseling. These options should be considered first, instead of prescribed medication. Most parents do not want their child to be labeled as “Special” or “ADHD”. Why. These labels are used as in relating to a disorder.... [tags: Children, Health, Disorder]
865 words (2.5 pages)
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (ADHD) is a neurobiological condition which exposes developmentally unsuitable levels of inattention, and/or hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity (Leroux & Levitt-Periman, 2000). ADHD is thought to be caused by a dysfunction in the frontal lobes of the brain. Two percent to six percent of today’s learners are affected by ADHD, while three times as many boys as girls are affected with ADHD (Humphrey, 2009). It is important as educators that we know the signs of the ADHD learner as well as strategies to use to maximize their learning.... [tags: Special Education ]
2059 words (5.9 pages)