Most people have heard of the term Attention Deficit Hyperactive (ADHD) disorder. “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder that interferes with an individual’s ability to attend to tasks (inattention), inhibits one’s behavior (impulsivity), and may interfere with a person’s ability to regulate one’s activity level (hyper-activity) in developmentally appropriate ways (Barkley 19)”. The most important job for teachers and parents is to separate fact from fiction, to clarify what we know and don’t know.
Properly diagnosing ADHD, medication choices, and behavioral interventions are the key focal point. Is medication truly worth the side effects?
As the name implies, ADHD is typically characterized by two distinct sets of symptoms: inattention and hyperactivity / impulsivity. Although these problems usually occur together, one may be present without the other and still qualify for an ADHD diagnosis. Children are diagnosed with ADHD when they have met specific guidelines within these two categories.
A number of parents observe signs of inattentiveness, restlessness, and impulsivity in their child even before their child starts school. The child might lose attention while playing a game or watching TV, or the child might dash about totally unrestrained. Since children mature at different levels and vary in character, nature, and energy levels, it is critical to obtain a specialist’s diagnosis of whether the behavior is suitable for the child's age, the child has ADHD or the child is simply immature or uncommonly high-spirited.
To qualify as having ADHD, the symptoms must significantly affect a child's ability to function at home and at school. A diagnosis is based on the guidelines provided in the “American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) published in 1994 (Barkley 133)”. In general, children are diagnosed with ADHD if they show at least six symptoms from each category. Dr. Berkley lists the following symptoms for each category:
• Often fails to pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork or other activities
• Often has trouble sustaining attention during tasks or play
• Often doesn't seem to listen when spoken ...
... middle of paper ...
...counseling the child and the family and facilitating them in the development of new skills, attitudes, and ways of relating to each other. The important step is proper diagnosis of ADHD. It is imperative to know about any medication being prescribed for each individual child.
Work Cited Page:
American Academy of Physicians “ADHD: What Parents Should Know.” Family Doctor, 10 April, 2005
Barkley, Russel A. Taking Charge of ADHD: The Complete, Authoritative Guide for Parents. New York: The Gilford Press, 2000.
Eli Lilly and Company “Strattera.” Strattera 10 April, 2005
McNeil Consumer & Specialty Pharmaceuticals, a Division of McNeil-PPC, Inc “Prescription Medication Overview” Focus on ADHD. 14 April, 2005
Rabnier, David. “Behavioral Treatment for ADHD: An Overview.” Health. 14 April, 2005
Wilens, Timothy E. Straight Talk about Psychiatric Medications for Kids New York: The Guilford Press, 1999.
Wilens T.C. et all. Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature. Pediatrics, (2003) 111:1:179-185.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have persistent issues with sustained attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. These symptoms have an impact in all aspects of the child’s life, such as academically, behaviorally, and socially in school and at home. The environments that the child experiences these symptoms are non-discriminative and the child can experience these symptoms at any point. There are many different treatments and interventions to help children manage their symptoms, ranging from pharmaceutical interventions, parental training, and psychological interventions, such as mindfulness therapy.... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
1172 words (3.3 pages)
- “To medicate or not to medicate?” That is the question of doctors and parents with children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADHD. ADHD is a disorder of the brain and learning disability that results in difficulty paying attention, impulsive decision making, and constant hyperactivity. Alongside the common symptoms, ADHD can also lead to low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety if not treated. While there is no question as to whether children suffer from ADHD, one critical question remains.... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
1708 words (4.9 pages)
- Treat ADHD Naturally With Diet and Supplements Does your child seem easily distracted, have difficulty following directions, and appear to act impulsively. Have you noticed that he or she gets upset easily, has poor coordination, and often complains of stomachaches. If so, your child could have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This condition affects more than one million children worldwide, so you are certainly not alone in your struggle. Although there are prescription medications that can help reduce the symptoms of ADHD, they often come with unwanted side effects.... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
1070 words (3.1 pages)
- This research paper will provide statistics for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, including cause, treatment and heritability. ADHD is primarily accompanied by other disorders, including emotional, physical and mental impairment. Utilizing three peer-reviewed journal articles, in class powerpoints, as well as text from Laura E. Berk’s textbook, “Infants and Children; Prenatal Through Middle Childhood”, ADHD will be explained in a nondiscriminatory manner. Geraldine S. Pearson suggests that when a child has ADHD, 10% to 35% of first-degree relatives also have the disorder while Laura E.... [tags: hereditary, environmental, behavior]
1407 words (4 pages)
- According to the National Institutes of Health attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders (NIH, 2008). All children show the same symptoms of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, as they are clinically related, although children with ADHD show symptoms more severe and frequent. Children diagnosed with ADHD should take medication as a part of treatment because it helps control the associated side effects of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.... [tags: ADHD, Disorders, Children]
641 words (1.8 pages)
- Summary Research Question and Hypothesis The study was conducted to assess the efficacy of a behavioral management technique that is intended to assist in impulse regulation in children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The experimenters hypothesized that a cueing procedure would increase the frequency with which the participants raised their hands before talking. Also, they hypothesized that there would be collateral effects on an untargeted behavior, which would be a reduction of participants talking out of turn (Posavac, Sheridan, & Posavac, 1999).... [tags: Psychology, Reinforcement, Experiment]
1117 words (3.2 pages)
- Introduction: Most people have heard of the term Attention Deficit Hyperactive (ADHD) disorder. “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder that interferes with an individual’s ability to attend to tasks (inattention), inhibits one’s behavior (impulsivity), and may interfere with a person’s ability to regulate one’s activity level (hyper-activity) in developmentally appropriate ways (Barkley 19)”. The most important job for teachers and parents is to separate fact from fiction, to clarify what we know and don’t know.... [tags: ADHD Disorders Research Papers]
1889 words (5.4 pages)
- The use of drug therapy for children with ADHD has escalated to an alarming degree in this “pill popping” world. Most parents as well as educators became more demanding for a “quick fix” for children who have been diagnosed with academic and behavioral problems (O'Dell & Cook, 2004 ). There has been increasing concern about the potential adverse side effects of these medications. Prescriptions and drugs for ADHD come with discussion and directions for use, and the purpose of the drugs. The section for side effects often comes in technical language and small print, and many people do not read this section at all.... [tags: drug therapy, adverse effects]
2050 words (5.9 pages)
The Drug That Physicians Prescribe Help Children And Adults With Hyperactivity And Attention Problems
- Ritalin is a drug that physicians prescribe to help children and adults with hyperactivity and attention problems. Is getting a prescription for Ritalin too easy these days. Can we simply let a teacher or parent diagnose children with having Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), just because they lack the attention span that is expected of children today. Are doctors writing prescriptions just because parents take their kids to the pediatrician 's office and claim Ritalin would help. Teresa T.... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
928 words (2.7 pages)
- According to Hallowell’s and Payet’s excerpt, The Evolution Of A Disorder, in 1957, children described as having “impaired attention” were being diagnosed with “hyperkinetic syndrome” (Hallowell and Payet). By the eighties, this syndrome was later named ADD and not known as an illness but as a disorder. Soon enough ADD was no longer used for diagnoses and doctors began to consider it an outdated term. Therefore, ADD is now known as just being a type of ADHD and not known as a separate mental disorder.... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
1048 words (3 pages)