Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Essay

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Running Head: ADHD ON INTELLIGENCE
Social and Bio-genetic Influences
of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
on Child Intelligence

     Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has undergone intense research
in the past decade. Much of this is rooted in the fact that approximately 5% of children
are affected with the disorder. Children with ADHD are identified as having increased
behavioral difficulties because of excessive motor activities, poor self regulation and
inattentiveness. It has been found that as many as 30% of children inflicted with ADHD
have learning disabilities with academic underachievement becoming a failure or bother in
the school system. Since these children do not meet the expectations of society and their
learning environment they are usually met with anger, punishment, and rejection. In turn
these children develop a low-self esteem and low levels of motivation.
     The reason for ADHD is still a mystery to researchers. Within the field there are
many things that point to biological (genetic) and social causes. The idea seeks to explore
current research through investigating the social and bio-genetic influence of ADHD on
child intelligence. Testing and treatments of those with ADHD will also be discussed.
     Even though ADHD occurs in people of every intelligence, a majority of children
affected experience academic problems. These children may have specific learning
disabilities, such as dyslexia, or may have multiple learning problems. In a study
comparing ADHD children with those unaffected, those with the disorder performed
significantly worse than the others. Learning disabilities can be said to arise from
attentional difficulties in the classroom setting. Many of these difficulties occur in tasks
where listening and time is a factor. Reading disabilities have also been found as a result
of ADHD. The attention span of someone with ADHD is usually shot in a controlled
setting they can hardly function, without distractions wich makes them sociably
unacceptable.
     Even though there is a higher prevalence of boys and those with low intelligence
diagnosed, others with ADHD are impaired as well. Results have found that girls with this
disorder face greater intellectual impairment, especially with picture vocabulary tas...


... middle of paper ...


...ind the level and intensity to their disorder. The current increase in
ADHD children seems somewhat suspicious. The possibilitys are endless for the analisys
the problem enstated by most is the parents probably never got treated for ADHD and it
keeps getting passed through genetics, and people are finding out more about it and
finding they show the effects. The stimulant Ritalin is being overly diagnosed as a quick
fix when they need to use programs too for a treatment. There must be much more
behavioral and parental/school attention unity in order for this epidemic of hyper children
to be stoped and treated. Intelligence and ADHD have been linked in twin and adoption
studies to family so people are not sure but, these studies could still be testing completely
different things. Other studies also have found links in hyperactivity and affect to genetic
dispositions in the central nervous system. In testing it is hard to determine if it is genetic
or environmental due to the fact that many with ADHD can also be without learning
disorders. Therefore, if we are to label this as a disease a bio-social scientific approach is
necessary in diagnosis, treatment and intelligence assessment.

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