The novel opens in the troubled year of 1775, with a comparison of England and pre-Revolutionary France. It conveys the sense of doom and chaos. Both countries go through extreme social turmoil. With sarcasm, Dickens condemns the nobles as responsible for the disorder. "Under the guidance of [France's] Christian pastors, she entertained herself, besides with such humane achievements as sentencing a youth to have his hands cut off because he had not kneeled down to a dirty procession of monks" (2) France has mostly political difficulties while in England the issues are largely social. France "rolled with exceeding smoothness down hill, making paper money and spending it." (2) In England, "there was scarcely an amount of order and protection to justify much national boasting. Daring burglaries by armed men, and highway robberies, took place in the capital itself every night." (2) The portrayal of the countries' state conveys the atmosphere of doom and chaos.
On the other hand, the plot set up and characterization in the novel imply a sense of hope, a light in the darkness. The central characters in the first book are all likeable people. Jarvis Lorry, the banker, is very reliable and responsive. He takes on a role of Lucie's friend and guardian. He is there to help and support her as they travel to Paris to find Mr. Manette, Lucie's father. "Rendered in a manner desperate, by [Lucie's] state, [Mr. Lorry] drew over his neck the arm that shook upon his shoulder, lifted her a little, and hurried her into the room. He set her down just within the door, and held her, clinging to him." (31) Lucie is a classical Victorian heroine. She is delicate and softhearted. She acknowledges her father at once as if she had known him all her life and expresses her fe...
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...t were the light of freedom shining on him." (40) Nevertheless, hope implies something distant, happiness that is not yet here but will probably come. Dickens compares this uncertainty to the light of the stars. "Beneath that arch of unmoved and eternal lights; some, so remote from this little earth that the learned tell us it is doubtful whether their rays have even yet discovered it, as a point in space where anything is suffered or done: the shadows of the night were broad and black." (43) The images of light and dark, mist and stars convey the sense of darkness
The beginning of the novel starts with dark images and descriptions; however, toward the end of book 1, the reader encounters images of light and hope. Also, as the reader gets familiar with the characters and the plot, it becomes clear that amid the evil and danger, there is a notion of new beginning. The political disorder of France and England described in the beginning contrasts with the happiness of a family reunited. The hopes of the characters amid the chaos around them are symbolic of the romantic ideals of the revolutionaries, who saw an opportunity for a new beginning in the doom of that epoch.
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