Essay on A Philoshpical Approach to Proving the Existence of God

Essay on A Philoshpical Approach to Proving the Existence of God

Length: 4011 words (11.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The question of God’s existence has been debated through the history of man, with every philosopher from Socrates to Immanuel Kant weighing in on the debate. So great has this topic become that numerous proofs have been invented and utilized to prove or disprove God’s existence. Yet no answer still has been reached, leaving me to wonder if any answer at all is possible. So I will try in this paper to see if it is possible to philosophically prove God’s existence.
     Before I start the paper there are a few points that must be established. First is a clear definition of Philosophy of Religion, which is the area of philosophy that applies philosophical methods to study a wide variety of religious issues including the existence of God. The use of the philosophical method makes Philosophy of Religion distinct from theology, which is the study of God and any type of issues that relate to the divine. Now there are two types of theology, Revealed and Natural Theology. Revealed Theology claims that our knowledge of God comes through special revelations such as the Bible, the Holy Spirit, and the Koran. Saint Thomas Aquinas indicates that Revealed Theology provides what he calls “Saving Knowledge”, which is knowledge that will result in our salvation. Now Natural Theology is our knowledge of God that one ascertains through natural reasoning, or reasoning that is unaided by special revelations. Saint Thomas noted that this type of reasoning can provide knowledge of God’s nature, or even prove his existence, but can never result in the person attaining salvation for as he states, even demons know that God exists. A note must be made before we press on; as one might notice Natural Theology is akin to philosophy of religion in the sense that both use human reasoning in their attempts to explain the divine. The main difference between them of course is the range of the topics considered.
Ontological Argument
     The Ontological Argument, which argues from a definition of God’s being to his existence, is the first type of argument we are going to examine. Since this argument was founded by Saint Anslem, we will be examining his writings. Saint Anslem starts by defining God as an all-perfect being, or rather as a being containing all conceivable perfections. Now if in addition of possessing all conceivable perfections t...


... middle of paper ...


... look like an angel.
     Both Bubar and Fackenheim claim that there argument is not one that argues from a religious experience; hence they are immune to the fallacies of that argument. Yet critics counter that they are presenting an argument from a religious experience, one that is incompletely stated. One might remark that many people, who claim to have had glimpses of God, as Fackenheim puts it, are in both of these philosophers mind delusional. Charles Guiteau who assassinated President Garfield acted upon what he thought was instructions from God. As John Baillie puts it, there must be some criteria to distinguish fake encounters from real. We simply cannot take Bubar’s word that certain glances are illusionary while others are not.
     In conclusion I am left pretty much in the same place as I have started. It is impossible to prove or disprove the existence of God philosophically. For every philosopher who publishes his or her opinions on the subject, three more are there to tear it down. In the end I think it is best that man does not figure out the answer to this lifelong question. Some things are better left unanswered.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Philosophical Point Of View Proving God Essay

- Over the course of history, philosophers and scientist have debated the existence of God. Humans have a limited knowledge regarding this issue. People hear and read about how the Judeo-Christian God came to be known and how the word spread across the world. The paper addresses the philosophical point of view proving God exists. Points will be addressed on the opposing view and making vivid points for pointing out God does exist. Humans are always viewing different objectives and natural aspects....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Mind, Existence of God]

Powerful Essays
1456 words (4.2 pages)

Proving the Existence of God Essay

- Proving the Existence of God A Comparison of St. Thomas Aquinas St. Thomas Aquinas is one of the greatest theologians that has ever been. He recognized that there were some people who doubted the existence of God because, to them, logic did not allow for or explain God's existence. Being a devout Christian, he naturally believed in God, but he wanted to prove God's existence to those who could not accept things on faith alone. As a result, we have five proofs of the existence of God by St. Thomas Aquinas, all of which are based on logic and observation of nature....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
771 words (2.2 pages)

The Argument For The Existence Of God Essay

- The argument for the existence of God contains moral arguments that form a family of diverse facts and opinions. There are many arguments disproving His existence. And there are many arguments proving them wrong. Both are quite interesting for the fact that they both contain concrete proof that required attention to essentially all important philosophical issues dealing with metaethics and they’re important because of their prominence in popular arguments for religious belief. Most ordinary people feel as though religion is providing a foundation for morality; however, if someone believes that morality is objective or requires an explanation of some sort, then the moral argument of God’s exi...   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Theology]

Powerful Essays
1158 words (3.3 pages)

The Existence Of God 's Existence Essay examples

- The existence of God has been an ongoing question that almost everyone has been searching for an answer.Back in the day when the idea of God was the centre of everyones conversation , Philosophers/Scientist began to argue of God’s existence and what God was like.With little knowledge and evidence to study whether God was real or not people came to realize that after years and years there was just not enough to justify either side which is why one should keep an open mind on topics like this.Our minds are still developing and there are such complex things out there that one day we hope to find a definite answer for.There is going to be objections that discuss on why other philosophers don '...   [tags: Existence, God, Theology, Logic]

Powerful Essays
1259 words (3.6 pages)

Proving the Existence of God Essay

- The argument on the existence of God has been a topic that has been discussed and defended by various philosophers throughout past centuries. The difficulty in this argument lies within the fact that He is not something made up of matter, not someone we are able to see with our own eyes at this time, which cannot lead us to an ultimate, obvious yes or no answer. Of course, nothing is that easy. Throughout history, God has been justified by several philosophers with several different arguments. We are justified to believe in God because He has been proven to exist by several different examples that we experience here on earth, including physical, moral, and intellectual....   [tags: eath, physical, moral, intelligence, evidence]

Powerful Essays
2430 words (6.9 pages)

The Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God Essay

- One of the most intriguing and admittedly baffling arguments for the existence of God is the ontological argument. It was developed by St Anselm in the 11th century, and the reason said argument is considered unique is because it is an a priori argument rather than an a posteriori argument , which most other arguments for the existence of God tend to take form. It attempts to prove the existence of God, not through any physical evidence, but rather by claiming that the very definition of God is proof enough of his existence; that he is an underlying truth in much the same way mathematical truths are inherently known....   [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Existence, God]

Powerful Essays
1063 words (3 pages)

The Case Of Anselm 's Argument About Proving That God Exists Essay

- In the case of Anselm’s argument about proving that God exists I agree with his premises as well as his conclusion and find it to be true. I will explain further why I believe Anselm’s argument by using the examples and discussing the objection towards his argument of why God must exist. Another example that we will assess to further apply evidence and understanding of why I chose the stance for Anselm’s is the perfect island objection. In this objection we will not only break down the argument as to why it is wrong, but to essentially inspect the premise as well as the conclusion to examine if the premises are true which allows them to be valid and sound....   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Existence of God, Plato]

Powerful Essays
1321 words (3.8 pages)

Humes' and Descartes' Position on the Existence of the External World Essay

- Final Paper In the following paper I will argue upon whether the Humes’ or Descartes’ philosophical position on the existence of the external world is stronger than the other. I will first present each philosopher’s position, and then I will argue that Hume has a stronger position on the existence of the external world for the reason in this paper. Descartes argues that we can know the external world because of God, and God is not a deceiver. Descartes’ core foundation for understanding what is important comes from three points: our thoughts about the world and the things in it could be deceptive, our power of reasoning has found ideas that are indubitable, and certainty come by way of...   [tags: philosopical analysis]

Powerful Essays
1321 words (3.8 pages)

The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

- The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God, although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct, deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's existence....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1209 words (3.5 pages)

Proving A Moral Principle Essay

- Proving A Moral Principle Once one has examined an ethical theory and knows what its fundamental concepts are — what kinds of factors are to be used in making moral judgments, whether its principles apply directly to acts or rules, and what concepts of the good life is proposed — one is certainly in a better position to judge which of all the competitive principles comes closest to fulfilling the task of giving a complete account of moral phenomena. Unfortunately this may not be enough to enable us to choose among them....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Morals Essays]

Free Essays
2521 words (7.2 pages)