1. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon – Located approximately 50km south of Baghdad, Iraq on the east bank of the Euphrates River. King Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC), grandson of the famous King Hammurabi, is credited to have commissioned the construction of the gardens. Although no tablets were found in Babylon referring to the Gardens, accountings from the ancient Greek historian, Strabo, state that the “The Garden is quadrangular, and each side is four plethra long. It consists of arched vaults which are located on checkered cube-like foundations.. The ascent of the uppermost terrace-roofs is made by a stairway..”
2. The Great Pyramid of Giza – The only one of the Seven Wonders still left standing to this day, it is also the oldest of the 7 Ancient Wonders. Located in the city Giza, a necropolis of ancient Memphis, which is now part of Cairo, Egypt. This impressive monument was commissioned by Pharaoh Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty around 2560 BC, to serve as his final resting place. The great pyramid was 145.75 meters tall when constructed, but over the course of time has lost nearly 10 meters. The entrance is located on the North side of the pyramid, and once inside there is a series of passageways and galleries that lead to the Kings burial chamber. The structure is comprised of some 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing more than 2 tons, with the King’s burial chamber and sarcophagus made out of red granite.
3. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia – The god of gods to the ancient Greeks and Egyptians. It was located in the ancient town of Olympia, about 150 km west of Athens, in Greece. The original temple housing the massive statue was constructed around 450 BC, designed by architect Libon. The statue itself was created by the Athenian sculptor Pheidias. Constructed out of ivory sections, the massive statue was 45 feet tall, holding victory in his right hand, and his sceptor in his left. Closed by the Roman emperor Theodosius I in 391 AD, citing beliefs that the Olympic games (to which this statue symbolized) were a Pagan ritual. The Statue of Zeus was transported by wealthy Greeks to a palace in Constantinople, only to later be destroyed by fire in 462 AD.
4. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus – Built in honor ...
... middle of paper ...
...for 56 years until 226 BC, when a strong earthquake hit and broke the bronze and marble statue at the knee. The people of Rhodes received an offer to repair the statue, with all expenses paid, but after consulting an oracle, she forbade the re-erection of the statue. There it laid for almost a millennia, when in 654 AD the Arabs invaded Rhodes and sold the remains of Colossus to a Syrian Jew.
7. The Lighthouse of Alexandria – The only one of the Seven Wonders to have a practical use, outside of burial, is the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Standing 117 meters tall, the light from the tower could be seen more than 50 km away. Constructed in 290 BC by Ptolemy Soter, the Lighthouse was approximately 117 meters tall, built out of granite and limestone. There was a furnace in the top of the lighthouse, which was reflected out to sea by a bronze reflector. It stood until 1323 AD. Over the course of three significant earthquakes, the lighthouse eventually toppled to the ground, never being repaired or rebuilt. Finally in 1480, the Egyptian Mamelouk Sultan, Qaitbay, built a fort on the same spot where the lighthouse layed, using the stone and marble from the site.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... The statue of Zeus is believed to have destroyed in the great fire of the Lauseion or destroyed when it was burned. The Lighthouse of Alexandria; also known as the Pharos (Lighthouse) of Alexandria. The lighthouse was created by Sostratus of Cnidus he was a Greek architect and engineer (Woods). The lighthouse was built on a stone foundation and was made up of enormous, thick stone blocks; the watchtower was made of marble blocks that were held together with molten lead. The Lighthouse of Alexandria was located in Alexandria, Egypt the Pharos was actually located on the tiny limestone island that sat in front of the harbor, it was built on the island of Pharos, to help guide trade ships... [tags: Great Pyramids, statue of Zeus]
1114 words (3.2 pages)
- From nature to modern technology, this world has always been engulf by many miraculous wonders. However, the first of the all of them are the seven wonders of the ancient world. These seven ancient wonders are the great pyramid of Egypt, the hanging gardens of Babylon, the statue of Zeus at Olympia, the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and the lighthouse of Alexandria. These seven gigantic wonders surround the Mediterranean Sea, from Egypt to Greece to the Asia Minor, which now turkey, to Syria.... [tags: Monuments to a Higher Being]
545 words (1.6 pages)
- 7 Ancient Wonders of the World 1. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon – Located approximately 50km south of Baghdad, Iraq on the east bank of the Euphrates River. King Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC), grandson of the famous King Hammurabi, is credited to have commissioned the construction of the gardens. Although no tablets were found in Babylon referring to the Gardens, accountings from the ancient Greek historian, Strabo, state that the “The Garden is quadrangular, and each side is four plethra long.... [tags: essays research papers]
1083 words (3.1 pages)
- One of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world is the Great Pyramid of Giza. This wonder is “built to the last” for the future. However, this wonder is falling apart from bad weather conditions and we should try to keep it balanced and endured. If this wonder is damaged, preserving it would be difficult. We should try to preserve this wonder because it has a historical significance, a great architecture, and a deeper understanding of the Egyptian culture. The Great Pyramid Giza is one of the most studied for its historical significance.... [tags: seven wonders of the ancient world]
543 words (1.6 pages)
- In the world today, there are many spectacular sculptures and artworks. The statue of Zeus at Olympia was possibly the most famous statue in the ancient world. It is known to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Greek sculptor Phidias made it about 435 BC, and dedicated to Zeus the king of gods. The statue of Zeus was the greatest statue to be built in Greece. The artists of this statue captured the royalty of the king by seating Zeus on a throne to inspire tremendous awe in all that witnessed this statue.... [tags: Olympic Games, Ancient Olympic Games, Olympia]
1018 words (2.9 pages)
- The Great Pyramid Of all the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, only one still stands today: the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza in Egypt. Surprisingly, it is by far the oldest of the Seven Wonders. It was already more than 2,000 years old in the time of the ancient Greeks. For more than 4,000 years, the 481-foot-high pyramid was the tallest structure ever built by humans. It is about as tall as a fifty-story building. No other building reached that height until the Eiffel Tower was created in 1887 (Putnam 20).... [tags: Great Pyramid, Khufu, Egypt, Giza]
1931 words (5.5 pages)
- Seven Wonders of the World, works of art and architecture regarded by ancient Greek and Roman observers as the most extraordinary structures of antiquity. The listing of ancient wonders probably began in ancient Greece in around the 2nd century BC, but the Seven Wonders that were most commonly referred to were listed some time after that. All built in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East area, some time from around 2600 BC up to about AD 476, the Wonders are: (1) The Pyramids of Egypt, at Giza, the oldest of the Seven Wonders and the only ones remaining intact today.... [tags: Greek, Roman]
2364 words (6.8 pages)
- ... The pyramids took so long to build that when a pharaoh came into power, he started construction on his pyramid right away(Ancient). The pyramids are built mostly out of limestone(Ancient), because they had so much of it in that time. There are about 138 pyramids in Egypt(Ancient). Some are huge and some very small compared to the Great Pyramid of Giza. It is 480 feet tall and was made out of about 2.3 million blocks of limestone(Ancient). One thing that is very interesting is that the bases of the pyramids are perfect squares and they didn't have any of the machines that we have today(Ancient).... [tags: afterlife, egyptians, pharoahs]
1286 words (3.7 pages)
- It is well known that Egyptian Pyramid structures serve as the tomb of kings and queens however there is much more information that lies within. Before exploring the power of the pyramid lets uncover what it holds. Inside there are many fascinating things, other than just sarcophagus’s and prize possessions. Regular items used by Pharaoh such as the throne and jewels, vessels, art and his organs. For life after death, the pyramid is filled with all the things Pharaoh will need in their next life.... [tags: Archeology ]
953 words (2.7 pages)
- People of Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt, civilization lived along the Nile River in northeastern Africa for more than 3,000 years, from about 3300 bc to 30 bc. It was the longest-lived civilization of the ancient world. Geographically, the term “ancient Egypt” indicates the territory where the ancient Egyptians lived in the valley and delta of the Nile. Culturally, it refers to the ways ancient Egyptians spoke, worshiped, understood the nature of the physical world, organized their government, made their livings, entertained themselves, and related to others who were not Egyptian.... [tags: Ancient Egypt Geography History Essays]
718 words (2.1 pages)