From the moment Internet file-sharing became a reality, exploding into millions of homes and dorms, something changed. Internet file sharing brought with it the opportunity to access for free what had previously cost money. Beyond that, file sharing created a social norm that music and digital media ought to be free. How did this happen? How did file sharers warp reality and forever create this notion that digital media, notably music doesn’t require the money it always had before?
Through this paper, I will attempt to prove that the social norms of the Internet public were corrupted by code, by deceptive P2P programs that mask reality for the sake of prosperity. It is this warped social norm that plagues the future of digital media tomorrow. By examining the programs that have forced this revolution (Napster, LimeWire, KaZaA) much can be learned and understood about where and how society failed to recognize its Internet world is in fact an extension of the physical world, and the same rules of civility and morality ought to apply. It is my contention that the P2P networks created an atmosphere built around harmonious sharing—using the ideas of strength in numbers and anonymity to create richly stocked P2P networks. Finally, after careful analysis and discussion of the facts, I will offer suggestions on moving forward and hopefully solving the chaos and problems faced by the present system (or lack thereof).
In “Code and other Laws of Cyberspace”, Lawrence Lessig outlines the four modalities of regulation—law, markets, norms, and architecture. Law has the ability to regulate behavior through penalty and markets create incentives for people to behave in particular...
... middle of paper ...
...the Internet and online file sharing no longer be a chaotic jungle of copyright infringement, but an extension of community and relationships as we understand these terms in the offline world.
Goulder, Alvin. “The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement” American
Sociological Review 1960.
Levin, Daniel. “Building Social Norms on the Internet”. Yale Journal of Law &
Steiner, Peter. “On the Internet, Nobody Knows You’re a Dog”. The New Yorker 5 July 1993.
Strahilevitz, Lior Jacob. “Charismatic Code, Social Norms, and the Emergence of
Cooperation on the File-Swapping Networks”. John M. Olin Law & Economics Working Paper No. 165. The University of Chicago Law School.
Takahashi, Nobuyuki. “The Emergence of Generalized Exchange” American Journal of
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Modern technologies are constantly advancing in a multitude of ways to the degree that scientists have gained enough knowledgeable about the human genome to be able to find specific genes during the embryonic stage of reproduction. Scientists have already begun to use this knowledge to allow parents the ability to select the sex of their child and screen for genetic diseases via preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Sex-selection has already created world-wide discussion regarding the ethics of such a situation.... [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
2055 words (5.9 pages)
- From the ancient times civilization kept evaluating, by discovering and exploring something new and, as a result, facing new hazards. Within the last few decades traditional society has moved to modern one. Within that period, huge progress towards modernity has been made and lots of innovations have been introduced to society, what have resulted in new dangers and risks. Nowadays, accurate calculation and consideration of risk-acceptance, risk-assessment and control cannot be fully complete because at any time there are unpredicted and undesired aspects of risk environments.... [tags: Sociology, Society, Risk, Risk perception]
1822 words (5.2 pages)
- What exactly is a ‘surveillance society’. The term is often used by the popular media to refer to the older more totalitarian notions of the ‘security state’ or Orwellian references to ‘Big Brother’ (Wood, 2009: 180). However, Wood points out that ‘surveillance societies’ exhibit immense cultural and geographical variety, in both historic and contemporary contexts, and need not exhibit totalitarian features (2009: 181). Wood acknowledges that more study of how societies encounter surveillance in order to determine the elements that operate at the different socio-spatial levels (2009: 189).... [tags: Politics, Civil Liberties]
562 words (1.6 pages)
- The Power of the Media in Politics The mass media possesses a great deal of influence in society and politics in the United States. Newspapers, radio, magazines and television are able to use their own judgment when reporting current events. The power of the mass media is an asset to the government in some instances and a stumbling block in others. Recent technology and regulations related to the media have improved the means by which the public can get information. The final say in what goes into a story, however, belongs to the reporter alone. His opinions and biases are often a main part of the news the public receives.... [tags: Media Argumentative Persuasive Argument]
1730 words (4.9 pages)
- In Media & Environment: Conflict, Politics, and the News, Libby Lester presents a comprehensive argument that examines how media generates awareness, impacts opinion, and stimulates debate. She writes that the state of the natural environment is a serious problem and by studying the politics and conflicts in the media, we can begin to find solutions to environmental decline. Questions regarding news media’s ability to produce these solutions are asked with a strong sense of urgency– and rightly so.... [tags: Mass media, News media, Journalism]
1104 words (3.2 pages)
- Karl Marx was a German philosopher who studies at the university of berlin. He was a Hegelian. He was very active in the political scene, thus springing his desire to combined philosophy, political science and economics. Marx believes that we are the product of our environments but we also have the power to change our environment. He believed that human beings can shape the environment that we live in through our abilities. He also believes that philosophers should not only interoperate the world, but they should be able to change it (Citation).... [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Sociology, Capitalism]
826 words (2.4 pages)
- Publishing always have a significant impact on society in different era. The process of publishing can be broadly defined as the distribution of information to the publics. Publishing impacts different aspects of the society, such as education, politics, science, entertainment so as the cultural values. Different mode of publishing such as traditional books and EBooks have been introduced into classroom which help students to learn. Transformation of publishing methods on the one side, help facilitate progression of rate of literacy and education; on the other side, may lead to critical issues on information controlled by high position person nowadays.... [tags: Printing press, Printing, Movable type]
1724 words (4.9 pages)
- War is strongly ingrained into our world today whether we like it or not and while it may seem more prevalent and worse lately considering the advances in technology and the increase in hysteria over security, war is not a recent adjunct to society. That poses the question, where does war come from. As human beings, are we hard-wired biologically to fight each other or is it a behaviour influenced by peers and morals. What is war. According to the thefreedictionary.com online dictionary, war is described as: 1.... [tags: war, sociology,]
1075 words (3.1 pages)
- How I came to find the Green Party is by my ceramic high school teacher. Since, my family rarely spoke about politics, I found conversations with my teacher intriguing when he talk about his view on the world and politics. While attending his class, introduce me to his political party, which is the Green Party. I found the platforms for the Green Party to be agreeable to most of my views,since I am moderately liberal and they are Hard-Core Liberal. Also, I disagreed with the two party system I found myself registering as a member of the Green Party.... [tags: Politics, Democracy]
944 words (2.7 pages)
- Can Singapore be described in terms of a Foucauldian ‘disciplinary society’ or a Deleuzian ‘control society’. Deleuze proposed that we are in the midst of shift from Foucault’s ‘society of discipline’ to a ‘society of control’ (1992: 3). Unlike the ‘disciplinary society’ where subjects progress from one ‘moulding’ institution to another (schools, college, factories, offices, etc.), a ‘control society’ is typified by constant modulation (Wise, 2002: 32). According to Rose, control operates by affiliating subjects to a variety of practices which by design encourage adherence to certain norms in modern liberal societies (2000: 325).... [tags: Politics, Social Control ]
1976 words (5.6 pages)
- MODERN DAY PINNOCHIO’S: THE INSIDES COOPONINTERNET PLAGIARISM
- The Good and Bad of R.A.T. Theory.
- Life Is Mathematics: Looking at the movie Pi.
- Drinking on College Campuses
- Acceptance of the Homosexual Lifestyle: An Evaluation and Comparison between the United States and Other Locations
- Urban Government and Private Development