Compromise of 1877 Essay

Compromise of 1877 Essay

Length: 2202 words (6.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Compromise of 1877

African-Americans may sometimes wonder at the contradictory facts about their history presented in many standard history texts. These texts state that blacks were given the right to vote in 1870, yet the same texts will acknowledge that this right did not really exist for African-Americans until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
Similarly, the first public accommodation law was passed in 1875, but history shows that it took 91 years before it was acknowledged and African-Americans were allowed to the full benefits of citizenship.1

It is common knowledge that the American Civil War provided freedom and certain civil rights, including to right to vote, to the African-American population of the nineteenth-century. What is not generally known, and only very rarely acknowledged, is that after freeing the slaves held in the Southeastern portion of the U.S., the federal government abandoned these same African-Americans at the end of the Reconstruction period.2

The Republicans were losing their political clout. By agreeing to what has become known as the Compromise of 1877, the Republicans effectively abandoned the people they had fought so long to free. This was because this compromise between Democrats and Republicans effectively repealed the constitutional strides, which had been made thus far toward offering the black population of the U.S. equality.3

The passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States gave African-Americans recognized rights under the law. However, a national commitment to the civil and political rights of all U.S. citizens without regard to matters of race was destined to last less then a decade.4

There are certain historical facts, which have been lost in the public memory, as certain legends have taken the place of reality. In order to fully understand what happened, it is necessary to comprehend that the Northern states were far from being uniformly the champions of equal rights that is generally indicated by popular belief. By this understanding, that is that the abandonment of African-Americans did not constitute a drastic change of moral position for many people in the North, it is easier to understand their subsequent actions in ignoring the plight of African-Americans in the South after the Reconstruction era.5

An example of one to these overlook...


... middle of paper ...


..., “The Forgotten Constitutional Moment,” Constitutional Commentary, No. 1 (Winter 1994): 121-22.

21. Tad Tuleja, American History in 100 Nutshells (New York: Fawcett Columbine Books, 1992), 163-64.

22. Tad Tuleja, American History in 100 Nutshells (New York: Fawcett Columbine Books, 1992), 164.

23. Tad Tuleja, American History in 100 Nutshells (New York: Fawcett Columbine Books, 1992), 164.

Works Cited

Byrd, Robert C. The Senate, 1789-1989: Addresses on the History of the US Senate, Vol. 1. (New York: Bernan Associates, 1989).

Foner, Eric. A Short History of Reconstruction. (New York: Harper and Row, 1990).

Foner, Eric and John A. Garraty. The Reader’s Companion to American History. (New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1991).

McConnell, Michael W. "The Forgotten Constitutional Moment," Constitutional Commentary, No. 1. (Winter 1994).

Phillip, Mary-Christine. "Yesterday Once More: African-Americans Wonder If New Era Heralds," Black Issues in Higher Education. (July 1995).

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Era of Reconstruction, 1865-1877. (New York: Vintage Books, 1965).

Tuleja, Tad. American History in 100 Nutshells. (New York: Fawcett Columbine Books, 1992).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Successful and Unsuccessful Compromises in the United States between 1174 and 1877

- Throughout the years of 1774 to 1877 the United States had many successful and unsuccessful compromises. An example of successful economic compromise is the Three-Fifths Compromise, political is the Constitution of The United States of America; and an example of social is the Dred Scott trial. Economy in the 1700’s was crucial to success. A lot of people in this time period depended on slave work for their money. When it came to taxes the North and the South both had to pay the taxes of the slaves....   [tags: Three Fifths compromise, the Constitution]

Powerful Essays
662 words (1.9 pages)

Essay on Reforms Introduced in the American South between 1865 and 1877

- Political, Economic, and Social Reforms Introduced in the American South between 1865 and 1877 After the Civil War, it became evident that changes in the South had to be made. The old way had certainly not worked, and it was time for variation. Therefore, there was much political, economic, and social reforms introduced in the South between 1864 and 1877. After 1877, many of the changes stayed with the exception of Civil Rights....   [tags: American South 1865 - 1877]

Free Essays
363 words (1 pages)

The American Of African American Society Between 1857 And 1877 Essay

- 1.) What events and movements prompted the federal government to redefine the standing of African Americans in American society between 1857 and 1877. The events and movements that promoted the federal government to redefine the standing of African Americans in American society between 1857 and 1877 started in 1857 with the Dred Scott Case. This is followed a few years later when 1863 President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. This states that “all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free.” In 1863 President Lincoln announces The 10 Percent Plan....   [tags: American Civil War, United States Constitution]

Powerful Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

Missouri Compromise Essay

- Missouri Compromise The Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1877, was mainly caused by the diverging society between the North and the South. The North and the South had different goals. There were many factors that led to the war and the chief ones were political and economic differences between the North and the South. The North’s aggression to control the South had led to the point where it was intolerable. The issue on slavery was one of the causes of the Civil War. Slavery and slave trades had become a big part of the South’s economy....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
695 words (2 pages)

Essay on Constitutional and Social Issues From 1860 to 1877

- From 1860 to 1877, the American people faced several constitutional and social issues. For example, the after-effects of the Civil War, power struggle between the state and federal government, issues with civil liberties and suffrage, the rights of free black men, and resentment of white men, have all become critical issues. These critical issues needed immediate resolutions. Therefore, resolutions were created to solve these problems and those resolutions called for new constitutional and social developments that have amount to a revolution....   [tags: states, rights, black]

Powerful Essays
977 words (2.8 pages)

History of the United States from 1877 to 1917: Industrial Revolution Essay

- History of the United States from 1877 to 1917: Industrial Revolution There are five important things that every American citizen needs to know about the time period from 1877 to 1917: #5. The 1896 Presidential elections in which William McKinley was elected, marked one of the most important elections of the 19th century since the beginning and the end of Civil War when Abraham Lincoln was the President. The 1896 elections were highly symbolic in that the victory of McKinley also meant victory for the urban middle-class over the agrarian interests of the West and South....   [tags: American History]

Powerful Essays
1256 words (3.6 pages)

Dbq : A Failure Of Compromise Essay

- 1861: A Failure of Compromise Throughout the period of Antebellum there were many compromises made regarding slavery: The ⅗ compromise in 1787, the Missouri Compromise in 1820, the Tariff of 1833, and finally the compromise. With so many agreements made between the North and the South, why was america not able to make a compromise in 1861 when the secession crisis was happening. What happened between 1787 to 1861 causing the United States to change from a country of compromising opponents to a country of fighting enemies....   [tags: Compromise of 1850, Slavery in the United States]

Powerful Essays
1429 words (4.1 pages)

The Compromise Of 1850 As A Free State Essay

- The Compromise of 1850 was successful in the sense that it solved some crises and delayed the outbreak of war. On the surface, the admission of California was the incident that sparked the conflict. Admitting California as a free state would destroy the delicate sectional balance that was crucial to the South. The compromise solved this problem by allowing California to come into the Union as a free state, but the people of New Mexico and Utah would have the right to decide by popular sovereignty whether they would be free or in slavery....   [tags: Compromise of 1850, Slavery in the United States]

Powerful Essays
730 words (2.1 pages)

The Missouri Compromise Of 1820 Essay

- The Missouri Compromise of 1820 prohibited the expansion of slavery any further west than Missouri and north of the 36° 30´ latitude line. However, the outcome of the Mexican-American War brought a considerable amount of land in the southwest under US control. The question over the expansion of slavery once more became a heated national issue. A key question was whether or not Southerners who settled in the new territories were allowed to bring their slaves with them. The Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 established popular sovereignty in western territories, meaning settlers were to vote over the allowance of slavery, effectively repealing the Compromise of 1820....   [tags: Slavery in the United States, Compromise of 1850]

Powerful Essays
724 words (2.1 pages)

The Compromise of 1850 Favored the North Over the South Essay examples

- “I would rather be right than be President,” stated Senator Henry Clay concerning the issue of finding a resolution for the countries burning issue during the mid 1800s. Even though Clay lost the presidential election of 1849 to Zachary Taylor, he was determined to find a solution to America’s prevailing debate of whether or not to extend slavery into their new territories. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had officially ended the war with Mexico and political warfare in the Unite States was a rising issue....   [tags: Compromise of 1850]

Powerful Essays
1369 words (3.9 pages)