Essay about Mexicans in the United States

Essay about Mexicans in the United States

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In attempting to discuss the history of Chicanos, or Mexican-Americans and their experiences in the United States, an economic analysis may provide the best interpretation for their failure to achieve the status of first class citizens. This difficulty in achieving equality of citizenship is deeply rooted in both the economic self-interest of the Anglo-Americans, as well as their inherent perception of Otherness in Chicanos. This paper will explain the importance of this history and its context in the American framework. Beginning with the Chicano experience of the precolonial period and continuing through the Mexican-American war, analyzing particularly the Mercantilist policy which guided the colonization, alongside the principles of self-interest which carried many Anglos to Texas resulting in the war. Following, will be a close study of the period between the signing of the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo and the Second World War which was strongly defined by the Anglo capitalist industrialization of the early 20th century, and its subsequent effect on the development of the Chicano condition. It will then culminate with the Chicano resistance movements starting after the Second World War to the present with emphasis on such events as the Grape Strike of Cesar Chavez in 1968 which brought national recognition to the Chicano situation largely through economic means. In light of the satirical revisionist comedies of Teatro Campesino, "Los Vendidos" a short play by Luis Valdez will bring a conclusive view of the experience the Mexican-Americans endured according to one of their own.

The Latin@ population in the U.S. is growing exponentially, "Nearly two-thirds of Latin@s in the U.S. are of Mexican descent" (Vargas ...


... middle of paper ...


...for the state governor who wants to purchase one of them as the token 'Chicano' citing the fact that there is a demand for a dark face in the crowd. Valdez' interpretation of the various ethnic roles and stereotypes assigned to Chicanos is right on. His clever use of humor and intellect make it a believable case in which one sees the manner in which the 'American' population has attempted to mold and change the Chicano so he might become a, "... bilingual, college-educated, ambitious, say the word 'acculturate' and he accelerates. He is intelligent, well-mannered, and clean." (Valdez 48) Valdez concludes that to form this model Mexican-American robot they had to melt down, two Pachucos, a farmworker, and three gabachos. This synthesis of the Mexican type is what essentially makes him American, because he can no longer retain his identity as a type
of Chicano.

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