How to help students who fail, or students who do not achieve up to a certain academic standard, is an issue that probably goes back to the beginning of levels of school for students to progress through. In the U.S. it goes back to the 1840’s where age-graded schools began. In those times children who did not meet a certain standard were retained, or they repeated that grade. Rates of grade retention are difficult to trace in the past as well as currently. In some of these illustrative examples, a state could reduce retention by half in thirty years. However, different states had different retention rates. In 1909 one Massachusetts school district had a 7.5% retention rate while a Tennessee had a 75.8%. “In the 1930’s educators recognized that grade repetition might endanger student’s social and emotional development, which gave rise to the practice of social promotion. As a result of this policy, students were passed on to the next grade even if they were not ready for the work.” (Alkin, 1114) Both social promotion and retention intend to rectify the problem of failing students. However, does either of these two methods succeed? If they do not then what does?
Retention is the process of keeping students at the grade they fail. However, according to Donald R. Moore, the executive director of Designs for Change, a Chicago non-profit group that strives to improve schools, “It’s a politically popular initiative, but it harms kids in the long term.” (Gewertz, 1, 13 2002) talking about repeating the same grade. Holding students back a grade without changing the instructional strategies is ineffective. Much evidence suggests that the achievement of retained stud...
... middle of paper ...
... likely to fail and help them before it can happen. (Riley, 1999), (Oakes, 1999). Mr. Franczyk, a principal in Chicago, where social promotion has ceased says, “Retention itself does not benefit anyone. But early intervention does, I see it every year.” Evidence for early intervention working is overwhelming. As Alexander, Entwisle, and Dauber put it, the answer to social promotion and retention is intervention policies that ensure that resources are brought to bear to promote successful student learning, especially for those children at risk of failure. (Alexander, 1994) This policy should lower failing rates and help students gain the mastery over the studied material it also shows them that they do not have little worth and that much is expected from them. This policy change address why students fail and changes in those areas are necessary for them to succeed.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Why are our children failing in school. If and when a child begins to fail, there may be several reasons behind this notion, but what if our children are falling behind due the lack of motivation from parents, teachers, and even themselves. How can we expect students to be excited about learning if they don’t have parents who are encouraging them to be better learners. Teachers who are showing up to only do the bare minimum, when perhaps they need to not only be willing to teach, but to also inspire their students to help build a brighter future.... [tags: Education, University, Student, Higher education]
1612 words (4.6 pages)
- According to Sadker and Zittleman social reconstructinism encourages, “schools, teachers, and students to focus their studies and energies on alleviating pervasive social inequalities and, as the name implies, reconstruct society into a new and more just social order”. Social Reconstructionist is mainly founded on a “student-centered” classroom. It also encourages students to get out and help out in the community. Teachers can alter their curriculum around their classes needs. The purpose of social reconstructinism is to reconstruct society.... [tags: teacher, students, social inequitites]
1285 words (3.7 pages)
- The Issue of Schools Failing Latinas In a country where “all men are created equal”, there is something inequitable happening. Our public education system, which was established to give all citizens an impartial education, has failed. In the February 7th, 2001 edition of the San Diego Union Tribune, Annette Fuentes points out in her opinion article, “Our schools are failing young Latinas”, that there is a great iniquity with in the public education system. In many nationwide studies the same results have consistently come back – Latin-American females, or Latinas, are failing more than any other ethnic group.... [tags: Papers]
625 words (1.8 pages)
- Facebook is currently largest social networking site in the world based on monthly unique visitors – attracting 130 million unique visitors every day (Alexa Inc. 2012). The site’s popularity exploded in 2007 and it bypassed its social networking rival, MySpace, in April 2008 (Phillips 2007). Over the last few years Facebook has impacted people’s social lives in various ways. With its availability on modern smart phones, Facebook enables users to continuously stay in touch with friends, relatives and peers wherever they are in the world as long as they have internet access.... [tags: Social Networking, Social Network]
1433 words (4.1 pages)
- In the United States, many lack the skills necessary for college. Unfortunately, the education system fails to prepare some of its students for work or higher learning. Despite these circumstances, teachers and bureaucrats seek improvements to obtain higher success. In spite of the pressure for success, the current situation is not yielding the desired results. Moreover, in the recent State of the Union Address in early 2014, President Barack Obama stated the need for improved education, especially in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, or STEM fields.... [tags: richard whitmire, education system, failing]
1214 words (3.5 pages)
- Integrity, what is integrity. How can the lack of integrity be harmful in your journey as a student, a human being, and as a future social worker. In this paper I will discuss the importance of integrity in the social work profession, how it can harm the client and people in your work environment, the three forms of integrity are morals, intellectual and philosophical and how they can affect your life. Mark Twain once said, “ If you tell the truth you don’t have to remember anything (1894)” as a human being integrity plays a major role in your character, morals, intellectuals and philosophical concept of how you treat individuals around you.... [tags: Sociology, Social work]
1400 words (4 pages)
- Social worker Just like any other freshman in high school, what I want to do when I graduate has a weird way of changing every week. As crazy as that might sound, it is very true. One week I wanted to be a dentist and the next week I wanted to be a counselor. Although I always knew that I wanted to help people out in some way, I never knew exactly what career I wanted to pursue. After weeks of exploring my options, I started to think back to my childhood. When I was a child, I had a friend that had to move into a foster home.... [tags: High school, Sociology, Social work]
1261 words (3.6 pages)
- In the year of 1971, the very first email was sent and delivered. Since then, the world has seen tremendous advancements in technology and social media. Long distance communication has transformed from hand writing and mailing someone a letter in order to reach him or her, to typing someone a quick text message on a smart phone. These advancements have significantly improved the way the world communicates with one another and has connected lives in ways never thought possible. But at what cost. Social media sites such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter have provided a popular means of communication, but not without the expense of privacy, self-esteem, and a sense of connection.... [tags: Facebook, Social network service, Social media]
1415 words (4 pages)
- Everyday people try to find their place in society and by doing so they look at their social status in society. This individual paper will be discussing how one is given a social status in society and having this particular status may influence one to act or behave differently then they usually do to keep up with their status. Moreover will be looking particularly at the social status I hold with the role expectations that comes with the status, look closely at status and role in more detail and further more examples of situations faced with thus status.... [tags: Social status, Sociology, Family, Grandparent]
721 words (2.1 pages)
- "A world-class education is the single most important factor in determining not just whether our kids can compete for the best jobs but whether America can out-compete countries around the world. America's business leaders understand that when it comes to education, we need to up our game. That's why need to work together to put an outstanding education within reach for every American child"-President Barack Obama, July 18, 2011 Even though everyone agrees with the president, and most are aware that the current system is out of order, not everyone agrees on what course of actions should be taken to fix it.... [tags: Education]
1878 words (5.4 pages)