The History of the American Education System: A look at the 1900s Essay

The History of the American Education System: A look at the 1900s Essay

Length: 1905 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The History of the American Education System: A look at the 1900s

The dawn of the 1900s brought with it progressive education. With a growing
population due to an influx of immigrants, many cities decided to build more schools.
Chicago was one such city.

Before 1889, the city of Chicago had only five high schools. By 1990, the
Chicago Board of Education had developed the Chicago Normal School, 15 high
schools and 234 elementary schools. These schools provided not only education for students but also job opportunities for many individuals. This dramatic change opened up positions for 5,709 teachers (filled by 394 men and 5,315 women), who were paid about $325 per year.

In 1990, there was a total of 255,861 students enrolled in public schools in
Chicago. 244,962 of these were enrolled in elementary schools, 10,241 enrolled in high school, 497 in normal school and 188 in the school for the deaf. Average attendance that year was about 199,821. (School attendance officially became compulsory in every U.S. state in 1918.) In high schools, there was an average of 33.9 students per teacher. An average of 42.7 students per teacher characterized the elementary schools in the district. In June of 1990, 1,249 students graduated from Chicago public
high schools.

Maria Montessori opened the first Montessori school in 1907. She is
credited as being a pioneer in the field of education for developing such tools as “classrooms without walls, manipulative learning materials, teaching toys and
programmed instruction,” (Family Education

In 1921, the National Education Association (together with the American Legion) sponsored the...

... middle of paper ...

Sandholtz, Judith Haymore. (2004). Teachers, Not Technicians: Rethinking Technical

Expectations for Teachers. Teachers College Record. 106(3), 487-513. Retrieved April 21, 2004, from Academic Search/EBSCO database.
Schugurensky, D. (March 2003). History of Education – Selected Moments of the 20th Century. Retrieved March 20, 2004 from

Whitfield, Patricia. (2004). Teachers as “Healers”: 21st-Cenutry Possibility? Or
Necessity? Multicultural Perspectives, 6(1), 43-51. Retrieved April 21, 2004, from Academic Search/EBSCO database.

Whitley, Peggy. (2003, July) American Cultural History. Retrieved April 21, 2004 from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The American Education System Essay

- To understand how to solve a problem, we must first understand what we are trying to fix. For example, can a carpenter without any medical experience repair a heart valve. Of course not, he or she must first obtain the proper education necessary to perform such a complex operation. The same can be said about the American education system. Throughout America’s history parents, educators, and government officials have been debating what changes must be implemented for American children to receive every opportunity possible to gain an education that will prepare them for the future....   [tags: Education Reform]

Strong Essays
2524 words (7.2 pages)

Should American Schools Remove Standarized Tests? Essay

- Since the release of the annual report by Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) in December of 2010, many in the government and community are searching for ways to reform the American education system to give American students a greater opportunity to succeed. According to the report, one cannot ignore the fact that American students are not testing as high academically as other nations in the world (Duncan, 2010). There are many contributing elements that have brought America to her knees in the education system, however, the obsession with standardized testing is found to be more of a stumbling block than a stepping stone in the education system....   [tags: PISA, American education system]

Strong Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Cost of Funding American Public Schools

- Public Schools can, undoubtedly, achieve great things by supplementing their budgets with money from corporate sponsorship; however, this activity is dangerous for public schools as it could put them in a position where they would be expected to support a corporation’s politics while possibly being made to forgo convictions for their own standards and ethics. Since the early 1900s, with the influx of immigrants and the increasing number of children enrolling in schools due to lack of employment opportunities, there has been great demand in education reform with regards to laws and funding (Grubb)....   [tags: Education]

Strong Essays
1485 words (4.2 pages)

Evolution in the United States Education System Essay

- Evolution in the United States Education System In July of 1925, a Tennessee high school teacher named John Scopes sat in a court room facing a violation of state law by teaching evolution, the idea that human beings and monkeys share a similar ancestry. This was no ordinary trial, this was the “trial of the century”; it featured heavy media attention, it was a battle between two of the best attorneys in the nation, and it raised many questions about evolution and creation, the theory that human beings were put on Earth by God....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
1938 words (5.5 pages)

How to Give American Students a Billingual Education Essay

- ... Despite the lingering criticism from the 1980s, President Clinton reenacts the bilingual education law in 1994; however, President George W. Bush’s No Child Left Behind Act, which requires all students to meet standards otherwise schools will receive penalties, negates the bilingual education law (Jost 1039). Since 1998, many states have passed loopholes bypassing the teaching of another language similar to California’s Proposition 227 stating the specific teaching method of English immersion, when students only receive instruction in English, for English language learners....   [tags: melting pot, immersion, neuroscientists]

Strong Essays
1323 words (3.8 pages)

The Nature of Education Shown in Two Photographs: Essay

- The Nature of Education Shown in Two Photographs: Learning is a lifelong process. By learning, one acquires knowledge or develops the ability to perform new behaviors. It is common to think of learning as something that takes place in school, but much of human learning occurs outside the classroom, and people continue to learn throughout their lives. From the two photos, "The Lesson: Planning a Career" and "Instruction at Home", it is evident that learning continues throughout people's lives and affects almost everything they do....   [tags: Education Teaching Essays]

Free Essays
892 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Eras of American Policing and Their Origin

- Eras of American Policing and Their Origin American policing originated from early English law and is profoundly influenced by its history. Early law enforcement in England took on two forms of policing, one of which heavily influenced modern policing and it is known as the watch (Potter, 2013). The watch consisted, at first, of volunteers which had to patrol the streets for any kind of disorder including crime and fire. After men attempted to get out of volunteering by paying others, it became a paid professional position (Walker & Katz, 2012)....   [tags: english law, police department, new york]

Strong Essays
1541 words (4.4 pages)

Year-round Schooling: A Simple Solution For Today’s Students Essay

- Summer break is supposed to be a time of rest and rejuvenation for students. After nine months of hard work and challenging classes, one would think such a long break could do nothing but good for students; however, this is not the best way for young minds to learn. A three month break is far too long for children to go without proper education and supervision. Instead of a long three month break at the end of each school year, why not give students the same number of days off but spread them out more frequently throughout the year....   [tags: year education, school system, summer break]

Strong Essays
1856 words (5.3 pages)

Stability for the Children Leaving the Foster Care System Essay

- Twenty four thousand children each year age out of the foster care system (Fowler, Toro and Miles 1454). Of that number about half of them are African American, followed by Caucasian and then the other minorities. There are many problems facing these children that are placed in the foster care system. Of course the obvious is that they need a place to live while they are under the age of eighteen also that they need love and support from the people that are around them. Another little known problem is that these youths face once they leave the foster care system many find themselves without a permanent housing, housing that they can finally say that it is there’s and no one is going to take...   [tags: Social Issues]

Strong Essays
1662 words (4.7 pages)

Canadian Pre and Post-Industrialized Health Care System Essay

- During the Pre-Industrial Era, the health care system in the United States was very unprofessional. In the era, any one could become a physician. The medical practice was in disarray and there was an institutional core missing. Also, the demand was unstable and medical education was substandard. The profession was treated like a trade rather than a profession (Singh, 2008, pg. 85). But in 1870, the laws for licensing were implemented in the United States (Singh, 2008, pg. 86). However, during the postindustrial era, American physicians were more successful now....   [tags: insurance, medical, hospitals]

Strong Essays
1479 words (4.2 pages)