Inclusion is one of the very controversial topics concerning the education of students in today's society. It is the effort to put children with disabilities into the general education classes. The main purpose is to ensure that every child receives the best education possible by placing them in the best learning environment possible. Inclusion is a very beneficial idea, supported by law that promotes a well-rounded education while also teaching acceptance of others.
Inclusion has adapted to refer to the inclusion of handicapped students in general education classes, but there are many other ways to refer to inclusion. In the early stages inclusion was referred to as integration, it is now defined as ?mixing or combining of programs for children with disabilities and children who do not have disabilities.? (Cavallaro & Haney 1999) It also was referred to as mainstreaming, or the ?reentry of children with mild disabilities to regular education settings. Children may be mainstreamed for part or all of a day, and they may or may not receive any special education support or services in the mainstreamed environment.? (Cavallaro & Haney 1999) After awhile these two concepts of integration and mainstreaming were merged together to what is now known as inclusion; which is putting disabled children in general education classes as much as possible and only being pulled out with reason to believe that it is necessary.
The government is very compassionate about the idea of an appropriate education for all students and has created several laws and regulations to insure the inclusion of all students. Inclusion followers believe that the idea of inclusion is supported by the Fourteenth Amendment that ...
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Hines, R. A. (December 2001). Inclusion in middle schools. Eric/EECE publications- Digests, 5. Retrieved October 30, 2002 from ERIC Database.
Horn, W.F. & Tynan, D. (2001) Revamping special education. Public Interest 144, 36. Retrieved November 6, 2002 from ERIC/EBSCO database.
The Office of Special Education OSEP. (2002) Retriieved on November 15, 2002 from http://www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/OSEP/
Stainbeck, S. & Stainbeck, W. (1997) Inclusion a guide for educators. Baltimore, MD, Paulh Brookes Publishing Co.
Winzer, M. A. & Mazurek, K. (2000) Special education in the 21st century issues of inclusion and reform. Washington D.C. Gallaudet University Press.
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