In 1991 President Frederik Willem de Klerk of South Africa succumbed to the pressures of international economic sanctions, officially repealed the apartheid laws and called for the drafting of a new constitution. Just three years later, Nelson Mandela became the President of South Africa in the country’s first multi-racial election. Apartheid’s end may never have come, however, were it not for the improved efficiency of communication between states, the increased economic interdependency between those states, and the emergence of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) that make national borders all but invisible and chip away at Westphalian sovereignty. The existence of such factors allowed for International Organizations (IOs) such as the United Nations to call state governments’ attention to the crimes against humanity committed in South Africa each day, and it allowed those governments to act effectively. Yet the Black, Coloured, and Asian people of South Africa are not singing globalization’s praises.
In point of fact, historically globalization has done far more harm than good to the natives of South Africa. Globalization is by no means a fundamentally new phenomena but rather a thickening of preexisting networks of interdependence. (Keohane and Nye 2000). After the industrial revolution in Europe and the surge in international trade in the mid 1800s globalization soon took hold of South Africa. The discovery of diamonds in the territory in approximately 1900 increased the land’s value significantly as it could be exploited by the colonists to generate substantial monetary gains. Following the Boer War with English invaders thirsty to share in the profits of the mineral rich land, the ...
... middle of paper ...
...tiglitz suggests, the supranationals need to remove conditionality from their loan agreements and pay closer attention to the domestic needs of the countries they aim to help. Superpowers like the United States need to practice what they preach, and stop protecting their own markets while plundering others. (Stiglitz, 2001) Only this fused effort of dedication and hard work by the ANC with increased aid from IOs based on less one-sided terms will pave the way to sustainable equality in South Africa. The plateauing environmental degradation is an example of this process. In this case, South Africa observed a shift from sharp degradation to the “sustainable development” they sought. Sovereignty has been all but lost in South Africa in the past decade, and its people and land suffered. Its gradual restoration will pave the way to recovery and eventual prosperity.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- For my international paper this time I decided to do my paper analysis on a state. For my state I choose reflected part of my heritage and international history South Africa was my state I choose. So with that being said, I looked up the definition of Africa. According to the definition it stated: “A continent S of Europe and between the Atlantic and Indian oceans.”(Dictionary, 2016).Though I find this to be extremely accurate. I wanted to go more in dept. with Africa and its definition. In fact, I continued to scroll and found the British version on Africa.... [tags: Africa, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa]
1378 words (3.9 pages)
- The city of Johannesburg is both the largest and richest city in the nation of South Africa. It is also one of the nine cities selected to host the FIFA 2010 Soccer World Cup, although among those cities it has the unique distinction of being home to two stadiums, including Soccer City, the venue for the final. The chance to shine on the international stage has led to massive renovations of the stadiums and tourist-focused areas of the city. These renovations create numerous jobs, which are frequently taken by migrant workers from other regions.... [tags: South Africa]
1567 words (4.5 pages)
- Throughout history, the black people of South Africa have been oppressed by the country's apartheid government. In 1994, the apartheid era ended as the new, democratically elected president, Nelson Mandela, was sworn into office. Although the abolition of the apartheid era was an enormous turn-around for South Africa, throughout this transformation, a new underlying situation threatened the endurance of the country; a situation that would prove to be an even "more formidable foe than apartheid" (Kapp, p1202 2004).... [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade]
1778 words (5.1 pages)
- Contemporary society has done enough to respond to the legacies of historical globalization Criteria: What acts have actually been made to respond to the legacies of historical globalization. How have these effects been made in trying to respond to historical globalization. What has changed since then. What has not changed. Position: I disagree that contemporary society has done enough to respond to the legacies of historical globalization for many reasons. Reasons: Some of the reasons I think this statement is not true are, even thought society has improved since historical times, society still has many problems and is nowhere near being a perfect world and fixing every flaw.... [tags: rwandan genocide, slavery, NGO, Apartheid]
948 words (2.7 pages)
- Globalization The definition of globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture. One can say that there are people that benefit from globalization. And to counter act that there are others that do not reap those benefits. As a result of the increase in inequalities and overwhelming contrasts between the two parties, globalization has been known as a global apartheid. The Afrikaans meaning of the word apartheid literally means “apart hood” which stems from a system of segregation in South Africa.... [tags: Gender, Woman, Poverty, Gender role]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- The strength of a nation is not established by the force of its military, economic standing, or government, but rather how its citizens are regarded. In order to attain strength, a nation must respect the principle of solidarity; the power of one voice. For without a defined sense of unity, a society is likely to crumble. Unfortunately, as seen throughout history, civilization has often made it their mission to seek out the differences in one another instead of accepting them. This fear of the unknown has led to humankind’s most despicable behavior; the separation of individuals due to their physical attributes.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1631 words (4.7 pages)
- The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- The word apartheid comes in two forms, one being the system of racial segregation in South Africa, and the other form is the form that only those who were affected by apartheid can relate to, the deeper, truer, more horrifying, saddening and realistic form. The apartheid era truly began when white South Africans went to the polls to vote. Although the United Party and National Party were extremely close, the National party won. Since they won, they gained more seats and slowly began to eliminate the black’s involvement with the political system.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1253 words (3.6 pages)
- Thesis Statement: Apartheid may have been a horrible era in South African history, but only so because the whites were forced to take action against the outrageous and threatening deeds of the blacks in order to sustain their power. United Nations members, and fellow concerned citizens, the world must discuss with the consequences of the initiation of apartheid. Apartheid, the separation of races completely, has become a horrible era in South African history, and has killed many innocent victims.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1539 words (4.4 pages)
- Origins of Apartheid In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years. This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
2564 words (7.3 pages)