The American Public never loved social welfare programs, but it did not necessarily want them dismantled. In fact, by the early 1990s, nearly 50 percent of all households drew on government benefits from Food stamps to social security to mortgage interest tax deductions.
To convince the public that it stood to gain from smaller government and weaker social programs, the reformers had to undermine the longstanding belief that government should play a large role in society. Abramovitz (1996) suggest that Civil rights gains were called reverse discrimination and the victories of the women’s and gay rights movement were seen as a threat to “family values.”
Having set the stage, the welfare reformers began the attack on the welfare state by targeting AFDC, the most vulnerable and least popular welfare program. Drawing on social science theories that blamed poverty on the values and behavior of the poor, the reformers put forward the belief that social problems stemmed from a “culture of poverty” that promoted “defective” values and “deviant” behavior.
In 1996, Congress passed and the President signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (P.L. 104-93). It combined AFDC (Aid to Families w/Dependent Children) JOBS, and Emergency Assistance into block grants of single capped entitlement to states and placed federal childcare funding into a separate block grant for Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). The new federal law known as TANF was implemented in most states within the year.
Reflecting the “work first” approach, TANF placed a lifetime limit of five years on welfare eligibility. The new approach to welfare...
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- In August 1996, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) passed. This legislation ended the Family Aid with Dependent Children (AFDC) and replaced it with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Unlike AFDC, TANF is not an entitlement program. This means that states are under no obligation to provide cash assistance to eligible families. Instead the federal government gives block grants to assist poor families with the emphasis on moving them from welfare to work or deterring them from applying for welfare in the first place.... [tags: TANF Welfare Program Essays]
2820 words (8.1 pages)
- The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program was developed to help needy families become self-sufficient.¹ The TANF program was created by Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996.² TANF was created by The Personal Responsibility and Work Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) out of the preexisting Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, which itself was created by Congress in 1935 as part of the Social Security Act.² There were some notable differences between the PRWORA and the TANF when it was created, the most noted differences were that the TANF allowed states to use TANF dollars to support child care, for job search support, social services,etc.... [tags: United States, Poverty]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): My Values: I feel that TANF is a useful program, because it allows people to have access to things that they would not generally have. It also allows for the opportunity to receive actual help in bettering other people’s lives. I wish more programs like this existed and offered not only monetary support, but also childcare and education assistance. If more programs like TANF existed there would be more opportunity to better one’s self and less of a sense of being trapped in a poor economic condition.... [tags: Social justice, Social work, Sociology]
2295 words (6.6 pages)
- Jennifer Viviano’s Personal Values and How They Compare to Social Work: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): My Values: I feel that TANF is a useful program, because it allows people to have access to things that they would not normal have. It also allows for the opportunity to receive actual help in bettering other people’s lives. I wish more programs like this existed and offered not only money support, but also childcare and education assistance. If more programs like TANF existed there would be more opportunity to better ones self and less of a sense of being trapped in a poor economic condition.... [tags: Religion, Human rights, Transgender, Sociology]
770 words (2.2 pages)
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1309 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction In this paper I will be comparing the past history of traditional welfare reform to the current Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). It has been twenty years since traditional welfare was reformed into Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). I will discuss the changes that have occurred and if they have met the original goals of moving people aware from poverty. I will also discuss how stigma and oppression continue to be an effect of TANF. Lastly, I will include my own analysis of potential changes of policy for the future.... [tags: Unemployment, Welfare, Workfare]
1462 words (4.2 pages)
- Argumentation on TANF a form of Medicaid North Carolina’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program is one of the primary forms of Medicaid. TANF is also called Work First, which is based on the premise that parents have a responsibility to support themselves and their children. Through Work First, parents can get short-term training and other services to help them become employed and self-sufficient later on, but the responsibility is theirs to find the actual job. Most families have two years or less to move off Work First Family Assistance and after that they are completely on their own.... [tags: Welfare]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- The New Deal programs from the Great Depression did not bring the United States out of its economic slump; they were not created to do so either. The New Deal was only created to facilitate the regrowth of the economy and standard of living. That is all relief programs are capable of doing. Although many New Deal programs did encourage citizens to work, they failed to create a large amount of demand which is what stimulates the economy. During a depression, the population appeals for a paycheck which only leads to a life of subsistence, and if someone has the ability to easily survive, he will not strive far beyond that.... [tags: welfare program, temporary assistance]
961 words (2.7 pages)
- Problems With Welfare Public assistance in America came about in 1935 with the passing of the Social Security Act (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); A Short History of SNAP, 2014). This act remains the most significant piece of social legislations ever enacted in the United States. It also paved the way for greater federal involvement in health and welfare (Ambrosino, Ambrosino, Heffernan, Shuttlesworth, 2016). There are three main aspects of the Social Security Act. These are Social Insurance, Public Assistance and Health and Welfare Services.... [tags: Nutrition, Health, Sociology, Social Security]
1561 words (4.5 pages)
- Our country has faced many issues in Social Welfare and many of these issues have become a hot topic around the drinking fountain at work. Everything from the viability of social security, unemployment insurance, supplemental security income, medicare and medicaid, private insurance and the managed care system, section 8 housing assistance, and food stamps and temporary assistance to needy families. These issues generate a lot of strong feelings on either side. In this paper I will be discussing arguments for and against drug testing for welfare recipients, particularly recipients of food stamps and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.... [tags: social welfare, food stamps, medicaid]
1656 words (4.7 pages)