Oscar Romero, Liberation Theology and the Catholic Church Essay

Oscar Romero, Liberation Theology and the Catholic Church Essay

Length: 3827 words (10.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Oscar Romero, Liberation Theology and the Catholic Church

In the post-World War II era, the globe was polarized by two idealistically divergent superpowers; the United States and the Soviet Union, two nations that strived to promote capitalism and communism, respectively, throughout the globe. Nowhere was this struggle more apparent than in developing countries with shaky political and economic backbones. Specifically, in Latin America the old, corrupt and often totalitarian regimes were threatened by grassroots liberation movements whose ideas of land reform and shaking up the status quo were often perceived as Marxism. The Catholic Church, which had traditionally supported the wealthy ruling class, began to change its beliefs in the late 1960s and slowly increased its support for the oppressed working class. This trend gained momentum in the 1970s and 80s and became known as Liberation Theology. Although not officially supported and often chastised by the Vatican, Liberation Theology became prevalent throughout Latin America and violent revolutions sprang up in Brazil, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Mexico, sometimes with the tacit blessing of important religious leaders. By the early 1990s, however, this aggressive brand of Liberation Theology and the political uprisings that often went hand in hand were more or less dead. Pope John Paul II had condemned the use of the pulpit for political purposes and many of the more virulent religious leaders had been forcibly removed by the Vatican from their respective posts.

Today, the Catholic Church appears to be ambivalent towards the current political and economic situation in Latin America. While Pope John Paul II condemns what he has referred to as “savage capitalism” in t...


... middle of paper ...


....

Cavada, Miguel. Romero. San Salvador: Asociación Equipo Maíz, 2000.

Dennis, Marie. Oscar Romero. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2000.

Erdozaín, Plácido. Archbishop Romero, Martyr of Salvador. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1981.

Rhodes, Ron. “Christian Revolution in Latin America: The Changing Face of Liberation Theology. http://home.earthlink.net/~ronrhodes/Liberation.html

Sobrino, Jon. Monseñor Romero. San Salvador: UCA Editores, 1989.

Tamayo, Juan O. “Church Revisits Option for the Poor,” in The Miami Herald, January 21, 1999. http://www.rose-hulman.edu/~delacova/theo/revisits.htm

Tombs, David. Latin American Liberation Theology. Boston, MA: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc., 2002.

Woodward, Kenneth L. Making Saints : How the Catholic Church Determines Who Becomes a Saint, Who Doesn't, and Why. New York, NY : Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Justice in Romero

- Justice in "Romero" The influential and gripping film, " Romero", directed by John Duigan, portrays the life and death of Archbishop Oscar Romero. The movie shows the world through the eyes of the El Salvadorian people during the 1980's, when poverty and military rule flourished over the people. The country of El Salvador was run by an elite group of few who controlled most of the power and money, leaving the majority of the people deprived and powerless. This imbalance in the social system left much of the people under oppression, constantly controlled by the corrupt government and even sometimes persecuted when they tried to speak out....   [tags: Romero Analysis]

Powerful Essays
1231 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about The Violence of Love

- The Violence of Love Paper The reason for this essay is not to persuade the minds of its readers. However, what I do intend to do is introduce to the readers the philosophical words and powerful confidence of Archbishop Romero. First I will give a brief but detailed introduction of Archbishop Oscar before explaining why I feel Oscar Romero in regards to previous course lectures, group discussions and the book “The Violence of Love” by James Brockman; is an ethical prophet in the tradition of Hebrew prophecy in the eighth century B.C.E....   [tags: archbishop romero, malcom x]

Powerful Essays
1569 words (4.5 pages)

Oscar Romero: School of the Americans Essay

- ... The people who had the power were the Marxism government, the National Guard of El Salvador and the wealthy people in El Salvador. Since his main purpose being an Archbishop of San Salvador was to take care of anyone who needs it his help, also give the Salvadorians the faith and the believe that they needed. During February of 1977, the people who had the power was many of the Salvadorians were protesting against the government because they wanted “A true election, a free election” and since they had an unfair government, their government did not want to accomplish their people’s will....   [tags: bishop, right, poor, government, power]

Powerful Essays
873 words (2.5 pages)

Oscar Romero Essay

- Oscar Romero was at first a quiet, ordinary priest in the democratic country of El Salvador. But things change once newly appointed Arch-Bishop. Romero quickly finds out the way the country is run by the military. The poor people of Salvador are missing and being executed by the military. Romero tries to stop these events through the power of the Church. Raul Julia plays Oscar Romero the soft spoken priest turned Arch-Bishop. His character goes through a metamorphoses from beginning to end that eventually gets him killed....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
359 words (1 pages)

Oscar Romero Stood Up for the Poor and Troubled Nation of El Salvador Essay

- ... El Salvador was involved in a civil war. Romero’s role began when “Romero's close friend Father Rutillo Grande was assassinated by a paramilitary death squad. This had a dramatic and profound effect on his life, changing him from a status quo moderate to a fierce activist against injustice” (RP). El Salvador was tremendously unstable in the late 1970s. This was due to inequality of social classes, repressive military rule, and poverty. “After witnessing numerous violations of human rights, he began to speak out on behalf of the poor and the victims of repression” (UN)....   [tags: catholic, injustice, protests]

Free Essays
535 words (1.5 pages)

Essay on Liberation Theology

- Liberation theology is religious phenomenon which bursts on the scene in the 1960’s. A consciousness for injustice was always prevalent in the Church, but the “theologies of liberation, particularly the classical Latin American variety, evolved in protest against the inability in Western church and missionary circles, both Catholic and Protestant, to grapple with the problems of systemic injustice.” (Boch 443) To truly understand the critiques of missiology which have been articulated by Latin American liberation theologies and Asian theologies, one must first understand liberation....   [tags: Theology, Church]

Powerful Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Solidarity: Living with Others in Mind Essay

- Pope Francis said, “The culture of solidarity means seeing others not as rivals or statistics, but brothers and sisters.” Solidarity is a word casually thrown around in theology. My view of solidarity is constantly changing. After interacting with new people and now that I have a deeper insight into theological studies, I found that solidarity is different for every person and everyone’s experience is different. Some may find solidarity when they work with people; others may find solidarity in listening to people’s experiences....   [tags: Pope Francis, Oscar Romero, christianity]

Powerful Essays
1462 words (4.2 pages)

The Theology Of The Liberation Theology Essay

- In every society, there is a social ladder, and at the bottom of every ladder or totem pole is the poor. As I interpret Liberation Theology, is a belief system constructed for and around the poor, including the poor who were suffering within the Roman Catholic religion. If we take a look at the word liberation, it literally means the act of gaining (or trying to gain) rights for the oppressed (or poor) and poverty stricken. So Liberation Theology refers to the poor and the relationship they share with trying to find religious freedoms, rights, and social justice from those who oppose of them....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Catholic Church]

Powerful Essays
1908 words (5.5 pages)

Roman Catholic Theology: Liberation Theology Essay

- Liberation theology was considered both a radical and political movement in Roman Catholic Theology. It proposes the fight of poverty and goes in depth into the relationship of Christian theology and political activism. It interpreted Jesus’ teachings in relation to liberation through economic, political and social conditions. Liberation Theology spoke on how the Christian church should act in order to bring social change as well as support itself with the working group. It also explains how the church should be a movement for people who were denied their rights which resulted in poverty and being stripped of human beings....   [tags: christians, church, god]

Powerful Essays
942 words (2.7 pages)

Liberation Thought and Bhakti-yoga Essay

- Liberation is a prominent ideology well stressed throughout the formation and development of history Hinduism. In general, the religious school of Indian philosophy is multiform with different tendencies, but mostly focused on explaining critical issues such as the phenomenon of nature, the meaning of life, the source of human suffering, and the path, which is the way to help people liberation from the suffering of the life. Like any other ancient Indian religions’ thoughts, Hinduism also aims at the ultimate liberation....   [tags: Liberation Ideology, Hindu]

Powerful Essays
1089 words (3.1 pages)