Essay on Neocolonialism in Jamaica

Essay on Neocolonialism in Jamaica

Length: 6852 words (19.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Neocolonialism in Jamaica: History, practices, and resistance

“The imposition of structural adjustment programs in the Third World since the 1970s has been characterized as a war against the poor, a process of [neo] recolonization” (Turner, 1994: 37). This statement is particularly applicable to the country of Jamaica. The island has been susceptible to a variety of neocolonial acts including the presence of multinational corporations, structural adjustment programs, and loan organizations that have sucked Jamaica’s economy dry. This neocolonial presence has devastated the population in more ways than one. It is apparent that neocolonialism has had and continues to have a large impact on society as a whole in Jamaica. This influence will be shown by presenting a historical portrayal, forms of neocolonialism in the country, and attempts to resist such domination.



The history of Jamaica is crucial to understanding the country’s current situation. Many of the problems today are results of neocolonial forces. The roots of such concerns can be found within the country’s long legacy of colonialism extending 300 years in length before reaching independence. “Jamaica was the meeting place of two expropriate populations: the Britisher uprooting himself in search of quick wealth through sugar; and the African uprooted by force from his environment to supply slave labor upon which his owner’s dream of wealth depended” (Manley, 1975: 12).

In 1494 Christopher Columbus arrived on the island to be followed by his son, Diego, in 1509. Diego Columbus sent a delegation to the island thus supporting Spanish control in Jamaica until 1660. During the reign of the Spanish the colonizers ma...

... middle of paper ...

... Press, 1975.

Murrel, Nathaniel Samuel, William D. Spencer and Adrian A. McFarlane (eds.). Chanting Down Babylon: The Rastafari Reader. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1998.

Nabby, Navie. “Mr. Bigness Man”, World Sound ‘ave Power: Dub Poets And Dub. Heartbeat Records, 1994.

Nicholas, Tracy. Rastafari. Chicago, IL: Frontline Distribution International, 1996.

Persaud, Randolph B. Counter-Hegemony and Foreign Policy: The Dialectics and
Global Forces in Jamaica. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001.

Turner, Terisa E. Arise Ye Mighty People! Gender, Class and Race in Popular
Struggles. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1994.

Waters, Anita M. Race, Class, and Political Symbols. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction
Publishers, 1985.

Wiarda, Howard J. On the Agenda: Current Issues and Conflicts in U.S. Foreign Policy.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay How to Justify and Pursue Reparation for Slavery in Jamaica

- HOW TO JUSTIFY AND PURSUE REPARATION FOR SLAVERY IN JAMAICA-THE CARIBBEAN AND THE USA. Launching an appeal to the human conscience and his moral ethos will not get it done. Begging and beseeching will not do it, neither will clichés, jargons and common slogans. This is bigger than any political campaign, so “Better must come”, Keep Hope Alive”, “Yes We Can” or “It’s Reparation Time” will win us nothing. It is time to change gears and move beyond the moral and emotional arguments of reparation. Thomas Huxley once said; Moral tendencies are not part of the human nature and our ancestors became moral by choice not by evolution....   [tags: reparation time, human conscience]

Powerful Essays
1747 words (5 pages)

Essay Life In Jamaica

- I had never considered Jamaica in the way they did in the movie, Life and Debt. Whenever I thought about the country, which would have been rarely, I always only considered it as a tourist destination. I never took the time and considered what life could be like for those living there yearlong, and particularly those who were not involved in the tourism industry. I mean, if you ask almost any American how they would describe Jamaica, they would describe it’s tropical, beach-like atmosphere, but almost no one would discuss how difficult life is for it’s citizens....   [tags: Jamaica]

Powerful Essays
920 words (2.6 pages)

Jamaica, By Jamaica. Jamaica Essay

- Jamaica Kincaid Jamaica Kincaid was born Elaine Potter Richardson on May 25, 1949 in St. John’s, Antigua (“Jamaica,” Caribbean). A Caribbean writer hailed, “A significant voice in contemporary literature,” (qtd. in “Jamaica,” Encyclopedia) she is well known for her personal and honest works of short fiction, novels and essays (“Jamaica,” Encyclopedia). In her work, Kincaid “explores the tenuous relationship between mother and daughter as well as themes of anti-colonialism,” (qtd. in “Jamaica,” Encyclopedia) and has been a contributor to the literary world for decades (“Jamaica,” Encyclopedia)....   [tags: Fiction, Short story, Jamaica Kincaid, Antigua]

Powerful Essays
829 words (2.4 pages)

A Trip To A Happy Place To Jamaica Essay

- I close my eyes and go to my happy place. I see a smooth white sand beach, the warm sun glistening over the crystal clear blue water, palm trees swaying in the wind. Most people would say this is any beach, however this isn’t any beach to me. The place I’m talking about is home to me, it brings me happiness, relaxation, good times, and great memories. The place I like to call home is Jamaica. My first visit to Jamaica was when I was just three years old, the last time I was there I was seventeen....   [tags: Jamaica, Jamaican jerk spice, Jamaican cuisine]

Powerful Essays
1067 words (3 pages)

Annie John By Jamaica Kincaid Essays

- Annie John by Jamaica Kincaid is about a girl from the island of Antigua and Barbuda who is raised in a household with both of her parents. Throughout the text, they show Annie’s coming of age, including issues at home and conflicting influences. One could say that the relationship between Annie and her mother is a parallel between a colonizer country and a colonized country. Through the lens of Annie John, Jamaica Kincaid portrays how the colonizer(Annie’s Mom) influences or tries to influence the colonized(Annie)....   [tags: Antigua, Jamaica Kincaid, Barbuda]

Powerful Essays
950 words (2.7 pages)

Is It Jamaica A Safe Place? Essay

- Dwayne Jones was a teenager who was brutally murdered by a vicious mob at a party in Montego Bay, Jamaica, three years ago. Dwayne was shot, beaten, stabbed and ran over with a car at the party. This crime only occurred because Dwayne identified as a transsexual. After hearing about this unwarranted incident, I had a new sense of awareness about the non-existent rights, mistreatment and disapproval of those individuals who did not identify as the socially accepted, “heterosexual”. There is little support for this community as only two organizations exist to help where possible....   [tags: Homosexuality, LGBT, Sexual orientation, Jamaica]

Powerful Essays
961 words (2.7 pages)

The Island of Jamaica Essay

- The Island of Jamaica The island of Jamaica is the third largest Caribbean island. It is in a group of islands called the greater antilles. It has an area of 10 991 km squared or 4 244 sq. miles. Jamaica spans 230 km east to west and from 80-36 from north to south. It is third only to Cuba, which is the largest, and Hispaniola which is the second largest island. Jamaica lies in the Caribbean sea which is a part of the much larger Atlantic ocean. The island is 960 km south of Florida, 160 km southwest of Haiti, and 140 km south of Cuba....   [tags: Jamaica Countries Geography]

Powerful Essays
3716 words (10.6 pages)

Essay on VAT in Jamaica

- In Jamaica value-added tax takes two different forms; these are General Consumption Tax (GCT) and Special Consumption Tax (SCT) which consist of specific excise tax in the country in relation to the financial sector. The implementation of these tax systems occurred on October 22nd 1991 at a rate of 10%; replacing eight (8) different forms of taxation in the country, some of which are customs and entertainment duties. These value-added tax systems were implemented to reverse the deficit of the country and serve as a catalyst for economic growth....   [tags: jamaican politics, tax, consumption]

Powerful Essays
908 words (2.6 pages)

The Poem Girl by Jamaica Kincaid Essay

- The poem "Girl" by author Jamaica Kincaid shows love and family togetherness by creating microcosmic images of the way mothers raise their children in order to survive. Upon closer examination, the reader sees that the text is a string of images in Westerner Caribbean family practices. Jamaica Kincaid has taken common advice that daughters are constantly hearing from their mothers and tied them into a series of commands that a mother uses to prevent her daughter from turning into "the slut that she is so bent on becoming" (380)....   [tags: Poetry, Poem, Jamaica Kincaid]

Powerful Essays
816 words (2.3 pages)

Geography of Jamaica Essay

- Geography of Jamaica Christopher Columbus came upon Jamaica as his fleet sailed into St. Ann’s Bay on his second voyage of discovery to the New World in 1494. He described Jamaica as, “the fairest island eyes have beheld; mountainous and the land seems to touch the sky....and full of valleys and fields and plains” (Roberts, 141). Although founded by a Spaniard, Jamaica was eventually sold to England. Today, Jamaica is the largest of the English speaking West Indian islands. The tropical island of Jamaica, called Xamayca by the Arawaks, is situated in the heart of the Caribbean Sea, about 90 miles south of Cuba and 100 miles west of Haiti (Gleaner)....   [tags: Geographical History Jamaican Essays]

Powerful Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)