Essay on Now and Then: A Discourse on Issues of God and Time

Essay on Now and Then: A Discourse on Issues of God and Time

Length: 1824 words (5.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Now and Then: A Discourse on Issues of God and Time

The classical understanding of God's relationship with time, eternity, and his knowledge of the future, as exemplified by Classical thinkers such as Boethius, Aquinas, and others, creates problems in regards to creaturely freedom. The question is typically phrased, "Since God is never wrong, if God knows at one moment that one of his creatures will perform some act at a moment which will occur after the moment he knew of the act, then will his creature perform this act?" I maintain that God does not know the future, because, first, God's knowledge of the future destroys creaturely freedom, second, God is always ever Creating, and, finally, the future is not knowable.

According to Thomas Aquinas, time is "the measure of before and after in movement"(Summa Theologica,1.10.1). Time, says Aquinas, having been created by God, has a beginning and an end, as do all things that are in time. Further, things that are in time change. Eternity is defined as that which is interminable, or without beginning or ending, and that which is eternal is unchanging. Hence, God is eternal because he is immutable and has no beginning or end (Summa Theological, 1.10.2). In relation to time, eternity does not move. Rather, it eternity is an eternal now, a now which stays the same in subject and aspect, while the now in time can change. In his discussion of God's knowledge (Summa Theological, 1.14), Aquinas states that because God sees everything in light of eternity, all of time is ever present to him, including that which is future contingent to us. Therefore, God knows our future, even though he does not experience it directly.

If God knows the future, creaturely free-will is denied. Further,...


... middle of paper ...


...the table upon which this paper rests or the hand which holds this paper or both, the sun above us and the movement of the Earth relative to the sun, the very movement of time from the beginning to the end of this paper—all of this is sustained by God, who is always ever Creating the present, without whom all things would cease to exist

References:

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. Part I, Qs. 10 and 14.

Padgett, Alan G. "God and Time: Toward a New Doctrine of Divine Timeless Eternity." Religious Studies 25, no. 2 (June 1989): 209-215.

Ware, Kallistos. The Orthodox Way. Rev. ed. Crestwood, N.Y.: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1995.

Yong, Amos. "Time and Eternity, Divine (Fore)knowledge and Creaturely Freedom: Historical and Contemporary Issues."(Philosophy of Religion: An Introduction to Issues; Kansas City: Nazarene Publishing House, Forthcoming).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Morality and Gay Rights Discourse Essay

- Morality and Gay Rights Discourse When Aristotle discussed the material premises of enthymemes as being important in rhetoric, he was prescient of the kind of appeals that would be tendered by opponents in the discourse over gay rights issues long after his time. Smith and Windes express the nature of this conflict accurately when they write, “symbols expressing fundamental cultural values are invoked by all sides” (1997: 28). Similarly, Sarah S. Brown describes the participants in a “struggle to stake out symbolic positions of good and to frame their side in terms of morally powerful conceptions of right and wrong” (2000: 458)....   [tags: Gay Rights Ethics Essays]

Powerful Essays
2631 words (7.5 pages)

The Controversial Discourse On Race Between B Dubois And Booker T. Washington

- FRS 2000 Research Paper The controversial discourse on race between W.E.B DuBois and Booker T. Washington defined much of the social, political, and economic issues in Black Harlem and other African American communities in the United States during 1910-1930. These two Black intellectual leaders supported entirely diverse views on how to empower and aid African Americans in freeing themselves from their often subhuman conditions. Although they share different perspectives on how African Americans can achieve equality towards gaining civil rights, they shared the same idea to uplift the Black race....   [tags: African American, Black people, Negro]

Powerful Essays
1212 words (3.5 pages)

Rene Descartes's View on God Essay

- Rene Descartes's View on God       In 1996, songwriter Joan Osborne performed a song called "One of Us" that was nominated for three Grammy Awards.  What made this song so successful and interesting were the powerful lyrics that basically asked, "What if God were a human being?"  As she was writing the lyrics to "One of Us," she was wondering about God and how the world would be different if God did exist in real life and not just a supernatural force.  You may be asking yourself, "What does this have to do with the seventeenth century?"  Well, in the seventeenth century, there was a man, named Rene Descartes, who was interested in God and wondered about His existence.  After an unforgett...   [tags: Philosophy essays]

Powerful Essays
1315 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Discourse Of Free Will And The How It Correlates With God 's Grace

- In our reading on Discourse of Free Will, we get a good idea of the opinions both Erasmus and Luther had on the topic of free will and the how it correlates with God’s grace. Once we look beyond the back and forth debate of this text, we will begin to look at their theological opinions on free will separately to find a better understanding and formulate our own opinions on this commonly debated topic. As we look to the different points of view between Luther and Erasmus, we will begin looking at Discourse on Free Will....   [tags: God, Theology, Free will, Predestination]

Powerful Essays
1165 words (3.3 pages)

Critical Discourse Analysis Essay

- Critical Discourse Analysis Jan blommaert and Chris Bulcaen makes a brief introduction to the study of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). CDA intends to use social-theoretical method in discourse analysis and is primarily linguistically based (Blommaet & Bulcaen, 2000, p.447). It intends to analyze the structural relationships of dominance, discrimination, power and control through a textual study (Blommaet & Bulcaen, 2000, p.448). Based on the assumption that social discourse is constructed and socially conditioned, CDA explores the power dynamics in this process....   [tags: Social Discourse]

Powerful Essays
2428 words (6.9 pages)

Essay about Moral and Legal Lessons from Washington v. Glucksberg

- Washington v. Glucksberg is a legal/medical case regarding end-of-life issues. A few questions that arose were about autonomy, dignity, legalities, privacy, personal rights versus constitutional rights, morality, and theology. It is about what is moral but not necessarily what is morality in a legal or constitutional sense. Smith (2008), purports in Michigan Law Review, that there is no clear instruction about the relation of law and morality in Washington v. Glucksberg or Vacco v. Quill (Glucksberg-Quill) this coming from the Supreme Court (p....   [tags: Legal, Medical Case, End of Life Issues, Case]

Powerful Essays
1565 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Critical Discourse Analysis ( Cda )

- The objective of this paper is to outline the purpose and procedures of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and to explain why the approach can yield its most useful insights when combined with mass data collection and selected methods from Corpus Linguistics (CL). I will do this with detailed reference to Koteyko, Jaspal and Nerlich’s (2013) examination of the UK Climategate controversy and its treatment in online reader comments to newspapers. I will begin by outlining the essential features of both CDA and CL, then examine how these were applied by Koteyko et al (2013) in a broad, corpus-based study to reveal a high level of consistency at least in commenters professed beliefs and consist...   [tags: Linguistics, Discourse analysis]

Powerful Essays
1604 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on The Theory Of Discourse Community

- Introduction A Discourse Community is a group of people whose members share the same goals and use mechanisms to communicate with each other through an acquired, specific lexis that enables individuals to attain goals with the help of other expert and intermediate members. I chose to observe a Corporate Entrepreneurship class as my discourse community because I am interested in business and entrepreneurship. My task was to evaluate whether or not exposure to this business course changes the way the individuals within the discourse community communicate with each other and how this change, if any, effects their ability to achieve goals....   [tags: Corporation, Business, Goal, Discourse community]

Powerful Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Essay Discourse Communities

- To be a part of a discourse community, one must be credible, possess factual knowledge and draw on the values of its members to be accepted into the community. At the same time, a person must learn typical ways people in that community communicate and argue. They share a certain genre—type of writing. Members of discourse communities provide information and feedback that are imperative in order for that discourse community to grow. In the following paper, I will discuss three discourse communities and a genre that they typically use: people who read Nutritional Facts religiously, college students, and industrial organizational psychologists....   [tags: discourse community]

Powerful Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)

An Author's Credibility In The Academic Discourse Community Essay

- An Author's Credibility In The Academic Discourse Community The academic discourse community has certain expectations about an argument which make the work convincing and credible to members of the community. Before the work is even considered however, the community has expectations of the author. The author must fulfill these expectations in order to be considered credible or convincing. Some general criteria for an author in the academic discourse community include having a voice in the work, credentials and experience that make him or her qualified to write on the subject, a sense of professionalism about them shown in the tone and diction of the work, and a balanced view of all sides of...   [tags: Academic Discourse]

Powerful Essays
2137 words (6.1 pages)