Abuse of drugs can have effects on the user even after the use of drugs has stopped.
Different drugs produce different effects, depending on the user, type of drug, and severity of abuse. New research is done every day in the area of drug abuse that makes finding accurate results on the broad topic of drug abuse very difficult. From the most recent studies only can one find data that is presently accepted as correct. These numerous studies provide enough data to explain the effects of both legal and illegal drugs.
To understand how drugs work, it is necessary to understand the changes that take place in different areas of the body when drugs take effect. Found in the brain are the synapses, the interaction point of two neurons (Perrine, 1996). The synapses in the brain are often the main target of a drug, altering the perception of something at the point of perception. When a drug is taken, it attaches itself to receptors in the brain, which have a pattern chemically similar to the neurotransmitters that send and receive messages in the brain. Perrine makes the analogy of a drug to receptors as a hand to a doorknob. Because certain drugs can attach themselves to these receptors, they may become blocked, and the neurotransmitters originally being sent by the brain's neurons are forced to wander around the brain until it can find another similar receptor, possibly creating a false signal (Perrine, 1996). The physiological responses created by these false signals, sent by both the drug and the extraneous neurotransmitters are what are perceived to be the effects of the drugs. However, the effects of drugs vary greatly from person to person. Perrine states that are four main aspects to keep in mind when cons...
... middle of paper ...
... "Hooked: Not everyone becomes addicted. How come?" Health 4: 38
1996 "Alcohol research: At the cutting edge." Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 53: 199-201
1996 "A prospective study of coffee drinking and suicide in women." Arch. Inter. Medicine 521-525
Perrine, Daniel M.
1996 The Chemistry of Mind-Altering Drugs; History, Pharmacology, and Cultural Context American Chemical Society: Washington DC.
1967 "Caffeine-induced hemorrhagic automutilation." Arch. Int. Pharmacodynamics 169: 141
1998 http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/Colleges/BSOS/Depts/ Cesar/drugs/ RECER
1996 "Review of moderate alcohol consumption and reduced risk of coronary heart disease: Is the effect due to beer, wine, or spirits?" Brit. Med. J. 312: 736-741
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A few years ago, my community’s city and county schools were merged, and my small class size of fifty people was quadrupled. Suddenly, instead of seeing the same faces every day, I was struggling down the hallway while trying to avoid the hundreds of students I had never seen before. The first year after the merge, I met many new people, a few of which were involved with things I had never imagined high school students would be involved with. At first, all I noticed were cigarettes and vaporizers being used behind teachers’ backs, but then I began to notice more and more illegal substances being used.... [tags: Illegal drug trade, Drug, Drug addiction, Heroin]
1187 words (3.4 pages)
- One of the fastest growing problems in America today is the abuse of prescription drugs. In the past 10 years, the misuse of prescribed medications has skyrocketed, making it a National issue that many people are attempting to attack. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse: opiates, depressants, and stimulants are the three drug classifications most commonly abused by Americans (Kendall 175). The abuse of opioids will be the main focus of this paper, however depressants and stimulants will be briefly discussed as well.... [tags: Substance Abuse Essays]
1496 words (4.3 pages)
- The definition of abuse of prescription drugs is using a medication in a manner other than prescribed, by a person who it was not prescribed for, to obtain a particular experience. Many people, but especially teenagers and young adults, have turned to abusing prescription medication. Some people have an increased genetic risk of getting addicted to medications but environmental factors such as economic level, lack of employment and pressure from peers also have a significant impact. Abuse of these drugs has harmful side effects to the person abusing them but can also affect the people around them.... [tags: Prescription Drug Abuse and Addiction]
2256 words (6.4 pages)
- Many do not understand why people become addicted to drugs and don’t understand how drugs change the brain. Many addicts are viewed as weak people without morals. A very common belief is that drug abusers and addicts should simply be able to stop taking drugs if they are willing to change their behavior. What many people underestimate and do not fully grasp is how complex a drug addiction can be. A drug addiction is a disease that affects the brain, and therefore an addict cannot break his addiction just by using his or her willpower.... [tags: addicts, brain, chemicals]
565 words (1.6 pages)
- Drug abuse is “a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress” (American Psychiatric Association, 2000, p.114-115). The difference between using drugs and abusing drugs depends on three things, what the drug is for, how much of the drug is used, and the effect that the drug has on the person. Drug abuse typically relates to one using drugs in an excessive manner, whether the drug is legal or illegal. For example, marijuana is illegal in some states, but in other states, it is not.... [tags: Drug Abuse, Substance Abuse]
2368 words (6.8 pages)
- Some of the most debatable topics among the world today include drugs and drug abuse. Marijuana specifically has created uproar within the government and personal beliefs and opinions. Although controversial among society, Marijuana can be used to benefit people in many ways. For both medicinal and recreational use, Marijuana can revolutionize the world in a positive manner. The risks of the use of Marijuana are slim to none when compared to the possible developing role it could have on society.... [tags: Substance Abuse Essays]
1452 words (4.1 pages)
- Drugs in the United States: why do teens abuse drugs. Over 23 million people who are 12 years of age and older need special care for an unlawful drug addiction, according to the 2009 Mental Health Services Administration’s survey on drug addiction. Only 2.6 million of the people who need treatment received it through a special facility (“DrugFacts: Treatment Statistics”). Drugs can have many negative effects on teens. There is a long list of reasons teens turn to drugs such as: popular media, rebellion, escape and self- medication, and peer pressure.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse, Drug]
1088 words (3.1 pages)
- Drugs and Abuse Abuse of drugs can have effects on the user even after the use of drugs has stopped. Different drugs produce different effects, depending on the user, type of drug, and severity of abuse. New research is done every day in the area of drug abuse that makes finding accurate results on the broad topic of drug abuse very difficult. From the most recent studies only can one find data that is presently accepted as correct. These numerous studies provide enough data to explain the effects of both legal and illegal drugs.... [tags: Illegal Drugs Substances Essays]
3011 words (8.6 pages)
- When people hear of prescription drug abuse they think of people that do not have a prescription using the drug for other reasons but this is not always the case. People that get a prescription, may abuse it by misuse of selling them, or by over use. Many different types of prescription drugs are very addictive and used out of control. They can have some serious effects on a person. Why does so many people abuse prescription drugs. Some will say it is safer than street drugs since it is FDA approved.... [tags: addictive, doctors, illegal]
990 words (2.8 pages)
- Almost everybody on Long Island, and probably all around the world, has been prescribed a drug by a doctor before— whether it was to knock out a nasty virus, or relieve pain post injury or surgery. However, what many people don’t realize is that these drugs can have highly addictive qualities, and more and more people are becoming hooked, specifically teenagers. But when does harmlessly taking a prescription drug to alleviate pain take the turn into the downward spiral of abuse. The answer to that question would be when the user begins taking the drug for the “high” or good feelings brought along with it—certainly not what it was prescribed for (1).... [tags: Drug addiction, Pharmacology, Prescription drug]
1626 words (4.6 pages)