Problems and Solutions in the Fight Against Urban Poverty Essay

Problems and Solutions in the Fight Against Urban Poverty Essay

Length: 4318 words (12.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Problems and solutions in the fight against urban poverty

Introduction – the advent of capitalism and the resultant economic inequality

There can be no talk of modern poverty without talking first of capitalism, and as such, the capitalist model of production and the exploitation of labor is where I will begin my paper. Capitalism evolved from the feudal system, which was incorporated into western European societies hundreds of years ago. Under the feudal system, serfs worked the land and handed the surplus of their production over to the nobles, who owned the land and accumulated the surplus. This surplus was visible, occurring literally in the form of produced goods, and the feudal system was linked to the control of the state, which is how it was sustained - through the threat of force from the armies at the disposal of the nobles.

The economic system later evolved into pure capitalism similar to the modern form that we are now familiar with, which involves the ownership of private property. That is, there is no longer any semblance of a communal institution and the state has been shut out from any influence on the development of this property. What this means is that the state now exists for the sake of private property, and the result is that self-interest (the interest of the individual property holder) takes precedence over communal interest. The bottom line is that those who own the most capital then have the largest amount of influence over the state, and since the state is dependent on the commercial economy, economic and institutional power now go hand in hand.

The effects of this system on the worker (as opposed to the capitalist) are overwhelmingly negative. Since most workers will never accumula...

... middle of paper ...

...e, Wilbert The Functional Theory of Social Stratification in Bendix, R and Lipset, S (eds) Class, Status and Power, 2nd edition, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1967

Tumin, Melvin Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis. American Sociological Review, Vol. 18, No. 4. (Aug., 1953)

Marable, Manning. How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America: Problems in Race, Political Economy and Society. Cambridge: South End Press, 2000.

Ofari, Earl, The Myth of Black Capitalism. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970

Tucker, ed, The Marx-Engels reader. New York: Norton, 1978. 2nd ed.

Wilson, William J. The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, The Underclass, and Public Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Woodson, Robert L., ed. On the Road to Economic Freedom: An Agenda for Black Progress. Washington, D.C.: Regenery Gateway, 1987.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Finding Solutions to India's Poor Essay

- ... However, in general, the urban poverty manifests in the form of inadequate provision of housing and shelter, water, sanitation, health, education, social security and livelihoods along with special needs of vulnerable groups like women, children, differently abled and aged people.4 In urban centers, people are dependent on public and private services to mitigate the environmental effects of the overcrowded conditions in which they live. Surveys have revealed that low-income groups residing in informal settlements are paying heavy costs....   [tags: urban population, health, neighborhoods]

Powerful Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

How Poverty Affects People And The Society Essay example

- Introduction Over the last two decades, the world has experienced a rapid economic growth, and many countries achieved remarkable economic growth. However, some countries are still struggling to fight against poverty. According to the Australian Agency for International Development, poverty is defined as “a level of deprivation such that a person is unable to meet minimum standards of well-being.” The poor people are unable to cover their basic need or maintain a normal healthy life, which leads to serious social problems....   [tags: Poverty, World Bank, Poverty threshold]

Powerful Essays
984 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about A Life of Poverty: Childhood Traumas inThe Working Poor

- In The Working Poor by David K. Shipler, Shipler analyzes the effects of poverty and the accountability of working poor in America. Chapter six of the book focuses on traumas of childhood that affect the later life of a person. In this chapter, Shipler speaks of sexual abuse within families, neglectful parenting, and other factors that contribute to a poverty-stricken life. He gives real-life experiences and the effects that an individual’s childhood has had on his or her life. Although his examples are based on real lives of the poor in America, it appears as though he has found the most extreme cases....   [tags: David K. Shipler, Literary Analysis, Poverty]

Powerful Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

The Department Of Housing And Urban Development Essays

- Racial discrimination still lives in this country, especially in the housing market. This has become a major concern for racial minorities. The issues prevalence and persistence has created an almost overwhelming amount of socio-economic issues within racial minorities. This issue in particular has sparked many disputes on the topic of racism and whether it is even still an occurring issue. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has conducted several studies which revealed that discriminatory acts between potential home buyers and the property seller are still persistent....   [tags: Crime, Sociology, Drug addiction]

Powerful Essays
1916 words (5.5 pages)

Essay about The Complex Nature Of Poverty

- In Evicted by Matthew Desmond, Desmond examines the complex nature of poverty and elucidates on the housing dilemma that prevents the poor from breaking from the vicious cycle of poverty. Desmond examines the lives of eight American families from different backgrounds and races and records their life stories. By documenting the struggles and difficulties that they face, Desmond demonstrates that even though the United States is one of the wealthiest countries in the world, it still has much ground to cover to try to untangle the complex nature of poverty in order to find productive solutions....   [tags: United States, Racism, Racial segregation]

Powerful Essays
1076 words (3.1 pages)

We Must Provide Housing for the Urban Poor Essay

- Introduction The focus of this essay is to inform you about a pressing issue that has severe implications for the urban poor and to encourage you to take up action against this problem. The most serious of the issues the urban poor continuously deal with is housing and it has a multitude of far reaching affects on their daily lives. As a result, immediate action must be taken and I am calling on you to form a new policy that includes incentives for low-income housing construction and a green agenda to combat this issue....   [tags: Argumentative Essay]

Powerful Essays
1820 words (5.2 pages)

Environmental and Industrial Pollution in Latin America Essay

- Environmental and Industrial pollution is a growing problem in Latin America today. Latin America is becoming a predominantly urban society and with that pollution issues have become progressively important of the political agenda. But Latin American countries continue to prioritize their economic development in the region instead of implementing their obligations to protect the environment for future generations. The government must start to put regulation to help protect the environment and the people who live in Latin America....   [tags: urban society, air pollution]

Powerful Essays
1455 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Urban Poverty: The Underclass

- In tackling the problem of urban poverty, William Julius Wilson calls for a revitalization of the liberal perspective in the ghetto underclass debate. He claims that liberals dominated the discussions with compelling and intelligent arguments until the advent of the controversial Moynihan report in 1965, which claimed that “at the heart of the deterioration of the Negro society is the deterioration of the Negro family” (Moynihan), After that, liberals avoided any research that might result in stigmatization of particular racial minorities....   [tags: Urban Decay, Urban Poor, 2014]

Powerful Essays
2600 words (7.4 pages)

Race, Urban Poverty, and Public Policy Essay

- The problems of race and urban poverty remain pressing challenges which the United States has yet to address. Changes in the global economy, technology, and race relations during the last 30 years have necessitated new and innovative analyses and policy responses. A common thread which weaves throughout many of the studies reviewed here is the dynamics of migration. In When Work Disappears, immigrants provide comparative data with which to highlight the problems of ghetto poverty affecting blacks....   [tags: Urban Decay, Urban Poor]

Powerful Essays
2428 words (6.9 pages)

Solutions to Poverty Essay

- Solutions to Poverty Poverty is a major problem in the United States today. Social, economical, political, and cultural factors all contribute to poverty. Education and economic development are two major issues that will help prevent poverty. The United States Census Bureau defines poverty as an "economic condition in which people lack sufficient income to obtain basic needs for food, housing, clothing, health services and education." In other words, poverty is powerlessness, a lack of representation and freedom....   [tags: Breaking the Cycle of Poverty]

Powerful Essays
1333 words (3.8 pages)