In Ernest Hemingway's fiction, there is something known as the "Hemingway Hero". This term is usually applied to the male protagonist in his works. The Hemingway hero illustrates a variety of traits, ranging from heavy drinking to his role as a leader among the characters with whom he interacts. Traits of this hero also resemble the personal characteristics of Hemingway himself, and the hero usually finds himself in similar predicaments Hemingway faced in his life. Two Hemingway heroes, Robert Jordan from For Whom the Bell Tolls and Frederic Henry from A Farewell to Arms, exhibit the traits established in Hemingway's heroic code. Given the presence of war in each novel, the two heroes display leadership in some form many times. Jordan and Henry also mature to realize that they hold the capacity to love as each develops an intimate relationship with a woman they meet. Just as Ernest Hemingway aided the injured in the Great War, Frederic Henry drives an ambulance for the Italian army in the same war. And although Hemingway did not fight in the Spanish Civil War as Robert Jordan does, he wrote newspaper articles covering the war in order to publicize the Republican struggle. The hero Hemingway creates in his fiction serves several purposes. Through his heroes, Hemingway idealizes his beliefs about life and how men should act as well as events in his own life.
Since Hemingway's time, literary critics have defined his heroic code to include the following: The Hemingway hero does not believe in the afterlife, is brave, strong and seeks pleasure, thinks cowardliness is disgraceful, believes in grace, courage and discipline, thinks de...
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...as collecting important information about the bridge for Robert.
Frederic Henry, on the other hand, has little respect for discipline, and intern, displays hardly any of his own. Henry begins the war helping the Italian Army, serving as an ambulance driver. He receives an injury to his leg, and after recovering, deserts the army when he becomes separated from the rest of the army during a retreat......
Hemingway, Ernest. A Farewell to Arms. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1957.
---. For Whom the Bell Tolls. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1968.
Ernest Hemingway in His Time. July, 1999. Universtiy of Delaware Library, Special Collections Department. 29 Dec. 20002
Flashback. July, 1999. The Atlantic Monthly. 29 Dec. 2000
Hemingway Campfire. February, 2000. Hemingway Nantucket Campfire. 5 Jan. 2002
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