Essay on The Ethics of Internet Filtering in China

Essay on The Ethics of Internet Filtering in China

Length: 3625 words (10.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Ethics of Internet Filtering in China


The internet boom that began in the mid-1990s was popular because of the enormous possibility of endless free flowing information. It was built upon the engineering principle of “end-to-end neutrality, an engineering rule of thumb calling for smarts at edge of the network rather than in the middle”1 said Jonathan Zittrain, an associate professor at Harvard. However, web filtering by governments such as China has put an end to the idea of complete freedom on the Internet. For those who are familiar with the authoritarian one-party political system in China, one would hardly be surprised by the Chinese government’s move to censor the internet.

Since the inception of the internet, the Chinese Communist government had passed numerous laws to censor and control the flow of information through the internet to people in China. Beginning in 1994, the State Council issued the rules and regulations that gave the Ministry of Public Security (MIPS) overall responsibility for “policing” the Internet.2 Since 1994, more and stricter laws were continued to be handed down by the government that included possible death sentence for those who pass so called “state secret” (open to interpretation by the government) to others through the internet. 3 The Chinese government not only passed laws to intimidate web surfers from using the web in ways the government deems inappropriate, it also actively filters the web for contents that it doesn’t want its people to see. A Harvard research team of Jonathan Zittrain and Benjamine Edelman did an empirical analysis of internet filtering in China found in their study of 200,000 web sites they tested which works elsewhere in the world such as the United St...


... middle of paper ...


... Computer Ethics, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1997.

4. Stroehlein, Andrew. “The Shrinking Frontier”. Online Journal Review, USC Annenberg. 11 November, 2002. <http://www.ojr.org/ojr/world_reports/1037922526.php>

5. Amnesty International. State Control of the Internet in China. 26 November, 2002.
<http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/engasa170072002>

6. Edelman, Benjamin, When the Net goes dark and silent. South China Post, 2 October, 2002. <http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/people/edelman/pubs/scmp-100102-2.pdf>

7. Zittrain, Jonathan and Edelman, Benjamin, Empirical Analysis of Internet Filtering in China, Berkman Center for Internet & Society 20 March, 2003. <http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/filtering/china/>

8. Zittrain, Jonathan. Can the Internet survive filtering? CNet News.com. 23 July, 2002.
<http://news.com.com/2010-1071-945690.html>

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Military Use Of Robotics And Ethics

- Military Use of Robotics and Ethics Introduction As technology evolves more and more robotic systems, replacing soldiers with autonomous robots in wars is no longer a dream. Unmanned air and ground robots have been frequently utilized by American troops in Afghanistan and Iraq wars, saving thousands of lives of American soldiers; however, ethical dilemma has also appeared simultaneously. The regulation of lethal autonomous robots has become … in battlefields should be regulated As discussed in my initial project, technology is a manifestation of human intelligence, reflecting human values and thoughts....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Robot, Autonomous robot]

Powerful Essays
1235 words (3.5 pages)

Google's Dilemma in China Essay

- Google’s Dilemma in China: Google is the largest search engine across the globe, which has significantly transformed the use of the Internet as an information source. The influence of Google in Internet use as information source is evident in the fact that by June 2010, it accounted for more than 70 percent of total Internet searches in America. In addition to its success and profitability in the global market, Google is renowned as a highly ethical company as demonstrated in its corporate philosophy features....   [tags: ethical concerns]

Powerful Essays
1222 words (3.5 pages)

The Internet in China Essay

- The Internet has become a major tool for communication and access to information for over two and half billion people (Wright 121). Although Internet has become an unavoidable reality that is consuming our planet in a web of information. This process is being shaped by our actions and choices which ultimately drives us together (Deibert 11). Nowadays China has over 538 million netizens, the world’s largest online community (Feng & Guo 335). Early off, Internet in China was imaged as an information highway which leapfrogged China into modern times (Guobin 51)....   [tags: Censorship, Filtering]

Powerful Essays
1255 words (3.6 pages)

Internet Use in China Essay

- Introduction The Chinese media landscape is complicated and contradictory, playing a controversial role between the Party Line and the Bottom Line (Zhao, 1998). It does affect on all types of media, Internet included, despite the fact that the government applies strict rules of control and censorship, which is against the nature itself of Internet. In order to deliver a better idea of how media work in China today, is necessary to remind where the People's Republic of China is from and what is the approach to media generally, that helps to understand the contrast based on the different ideologies behind Internet and Chinese government relating to media....   [tags: Internet Use in China]

Powerful Essays
1134 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about Internet Censorship and Education in China

- The Internet is a key to innovation. In the United States, the Internet has had a positive effect on education. It has widened the amount and type of resources available for research, provided students with effective methods of collaboration (discussion boards and forums), and has allowed for social networking to become less formal and more widespread. This has not happened in China. The “Great Firewall” is inhibiting China and thus curbing its innovation. Academic freedom is a First Amendment right that is recognized by the American government; however, China’s academic freedom is “constrained by the Communist Party’s monopoly on power, which is enshrined in the Constitution, and by the...   [tags: Internet Censorship in China]

Powerful Essays
1198 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Google: Violating Ethical Standards

- At the beginning of launching of a search engine in China by Google, the firms need was to incorporate the Chinese language into the Google search engine. However, Google gave the Chinese government mandate to decide the content that would be censored. Later, the Chinese search was shut down by the government. As a result of this, Google decided to put a computer in china to help investigate illegal sites of websites. The computer was programmed outside the vicinity Chinese government which helped Google identify the restricted websites....   [tags: Business Ethics ]

Powerful Essays
1472 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Comparing the Internet in China and the United States

- Introduction The aim of this study is to determine the differences between the Internet in China and the United States. China was chosen due to the restrictive and closely scrutinized nature of its Internet, in contrast to the internet in United States which has significantly more freedom and protected by the freedom of speech and expression. This study will include: • Distribution and segmentation of the medium in both countries • Ownership • National regulatory structures • Socio-economic origins and functions of medium in today’s society It was concluded in this study that extreme control over the Internet will only disadvantage a country....   [tags: great firewall of china]

Powerful Essays
1755 words (5 pages)

Filtering Software is Unnecessary Essay

- Introduction A woman is told that she has breast cancer. A high-school student needs to find information on sexually transmitted diseases for a research paper. An elementary teacher finds a wiki where numerous teachers collaborate to share lesson plans. What do all of these people have in common. If all of them attempt to access the information or websites at a public or school library, they will more than likely be unsuccessful. Why. Many libraries, both public and school, use filtering software to block content which is deemed to be pornographic, malicious, or otherwise objectionable....   [tags: Internet Security ]

Powerful Essays
1714 words (4.9 pages)

Ethics on the Internet Essay examples

- Ethics on the Internet In today's society, there are many ethical issues on the Internet. Some of the biggest issues and concerns seem to be hacking and viruses, copyright infringements, spam, privacy, and cyberporn. Internet ethical issues affect a wide variety of individuals and almost all people today are affected in some kind of a way. Until recently, most computer users had not been very concerned with questions of ethics and may not have been aware of something being seen as an ethical issue, but this depends on every individual's position....   [tags: Ethics Internet Computers Essays Papers]

Powerful Essays
1393 words (4 pages)

Essay about Web Filtering

- Web Filtering As the Internet continues to grow, so do the vast amount of information and resources that are available. The Internet is the driving force of the information super highway. From online banking to creating your own company to getting historical information about the American Revolution, virtually anything can be found on the Internet today. But because of the mass amount of information that is available there is also material that is not suitable for one to see. From online pornography sites to how to make a bomb these are just the few types of objectionable subject matter that can be found on the Internet....   [tags: Web Internet Censoring Computers Essays]

Powerful Essays
6910 words (19.7 pages)