Essay about Career Development and Gender, Race, and Class

Essay about Career Development and Gender, Race, and Class

Length: 2250 words (6.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Career Development and Gender, Race, and Class

Many theories of career development are derived from theories of personality (Sharf 1997). They attempt to illuminate the interrelationship of individual personality and behavior with work and careers. However, some prevailing career development theories were based solely on research on white males from middle- and upper-middle-class backgrounds, so their applicability to women, people of color, and other socioeconomic groups has been called into question. In addition, the focus on individual psychological or personality characteristics does not take into account the wider environmental context in which people make career decisions, thus failing to recognize the constraints faced by some groups. This Digest investigates broader perspectives on career development that are being built on emerging research focused on gender, race, ethnicity, and social class. The implications of this information for career and vocational educators and counselors are discussed.

Issues Related to Career Development Theories

Some types of career development theories include trait and factor, life-span, and social cognitive (Sharf 1997). This section looks at some of the issues surrounding the applicability of these theories in regard to gender, race, and class.

Trait and Factor Theories. The basis of trait and factor theories is the assumption that there are unique traits that can be reliably measured and that it is possible to match individual traits to occupational requirements. Holland identified six types of occupations theorized that people seek work environments and occupations that match their preferred traits. However, some people question the accuracy of the instruments used to measure...


... middle of paper ...


...h: What Kind and by Whom? ERIC Digest. Greensboro, NC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, 1995. (ED 399 486)

Perron, J. et al. "A Longitudinal Study of Vocational Maturity and Ethnic Identity Development." Journal of Vocational Behavior 52, no. 3 (June 1998): 409-424.

Rojewski, J. W. "Predicting Career Maturity Attitudes in Rural Economically Disadvantaged Youth." Journal of Career Development 21, no. 1 (Fall 1994): 49-61. (EJ 487 464)

Sharf, R.S. Applying Career Development Theory to Counseling. 2d ed. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1997.

"Special Issue: Racial Identity and Vocational Behavior." Journal of Vocational Behavior 44, no. 2 (April 1994). (EJ 482 681-688)

Stitt-Gohdes, W. L. Career Development: Issues of Gender, Race, and Class. Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1997. (ED 413 533)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Career Development

- Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Career Development Strategic interventions are required to keep young people who are disadvantaged because of poverty, cultural obstacles, or linguistic barriers from dropping out of school. Recent studies showing a relationship between a student's belief structure and behavior suggest that self-efficacy beliefs may be an important focus for intervention. This ERIC Digest discusses ways in which self-efficacy beliefs are influenced by various internal, external, and interactive factors and reflected in career-related outcome expectations and performance....   [tags: Career Development Papers]

Free Essays
1965 words (5.6 pages)

The Stages of Career Development Essay

- The Stages of Career Development The Cambridge Online dictionary defines career development as the process of learning and improving your skills so that you can perform your job better and progress to better jobs (Cambridge, 2011). However, my articles on career development have a slightly different view. My article states that career development happens in stages, and it has influencing factors (Gohdes, 1997-2000). Therefore, I will discuss these elements along with its main points. After that, I will give a short autobiography on how these steps apply to me....   [tags: Business]

Powerful Essays
1216 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Gender, Race, And Age Information For A Marketing Manager

- As a marketing manager, you have recently turned down Nancy Conrad for a position as sales supervisor. Nancy believes the denial was due to her gender, and she has filed a sex discrimination charge with the EEOC. Explain the steps the EEOC will use to process the charge; include Nancy 's options during the process. In some instances, individuals feel that they were not hired due to race, gender, age, if she is over 40, disability or religion. (EEOC 2010) This may or may not be the situation in Nancy’s case....   [tags: Employment, Discrimination, Gender, Sexism]

Powerful Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Development Of A Student 's Education Essay

- It is believed that the worth of a student’s education relies on experience and curricula outside of the classroom, as well as academics. Experience and curricula foster growth which in turn leads to developing the student as a “whole.” Understanding how students from many different backgrounds develop is the key to establishing effective programs and policies that with promote positive student growth. Development can be influenced by things such as race, ethnicity, gender and sexual identity, social class, disability, and faith and spirituality....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
1144 words (3.3 pages)

Gender Differences Between Boys And Girls Essay

- 1. Discuss gender (not physical) differences between boys and girls. Discuss how parents, teachers, etc. treat children differently based on their gender. Be sure to give personal examples in your discussion. Gender differences are defined in Invitation to The Life Span as differences in the roles and behaviors that are prescribed by a culture for males and females. Examples given in our text is gender specific toys for girls, like Barbie and an appropriate gender specific toy for boys would be matchbox cars....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Childhood, Parenting styles]

Powerful Essays
951 words (2.7 pages)

Gender, The Sense Of Being Male Or Female? Essay

- What is gender, and how is it represented in our society. Gender is defined as the sense of being male or female (Feldman, 2016). However, gender differs from sex in that, sex refers to the physical characteristics that differentiate males and females (Feldman, 2016). There are certain products that individuals are drawn to or automatically attached through societal norms. For instance, a woman may automatically go into a store and go directly to the clothing and shoe department. In contrast, a male may walk in to the same store and be drawn directly to the sporting goods section....   [tags: Gender, Female, Male, Sex]

Powerful Essays
971 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Why Plan For Successful Career Careers

- In this assignment we as a team will discuss how to effectively plan for success in careers. Including which strategies can be employed for professional growth, such as continued learning by staying up to date on current information in your field or earning a higher degree, taking advantage of training and development opportunities through your employer. Gain certifications and endorsements; join professional organizations, clubs and or societies, volunteer for opportunities that will help you build your skills and knowledge, watch for ways to lead, seek out promotions, also knowing when to leave and move on to other opportunities....   [tags: Management, Personal development, Time management]

Powerful Essays
1105 words (3.2 pages)

Drew 's Transition From A Career Essay

- I. Drew’s Transition Drew is transitioning from a lucrative career into a career in Student Affairs. According to Goodman et al. (2006), a transition is “any event, or non-event, which results in changed relationships, routines, assumptions, and roles.” Drew’s transition is an anticipated transition, which means the transition occurred predictably. Drew is experiencing his transition within the context of work and personal relationships. He is sacrificing a profitable career and a luxury lifestyle to pursue a master’s degree in Student Affair....   [tags: Ethnic group, Race, Gender identity]

Powerful Essays
1933 words (5.5 pages)

The Structural Equivalence Models Of How School Context Combined With Class, Race, Gender, Language, And

- There are many structural equivalence models of how school context combined with class, race, gender, language, and ability status play a role in education access and opportunity. The way students perform in school can be identified by his/her engagement and attachment. Students can also be categorized by the type of student they may become the ideological feature of their racial and ethnic identities (Cater: 2005: 27). Being a female, first generation, Mexican-American, I have experienced many advantages and disadvantages in the educational system....   [tags: Education, Sociology, School, Teacher]

Powerful Essays
729 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on The Field Of Career Counseling

- Throughout our lives as human beings, the concept of change is an inevitable process which we are forced to experience in different areas at some point whether biological, cognitive, social, psychological, environmental and structural among others. As with the human body, likewise the field of career counseling which is currently undergoing changes attributable to factors including globalization, population diversity, increased technological innovations and changing job roles. “Managing a global career now means fostering global relationships, remaining patient and persistent , acquiring local language skills and cultural sensitivity, and migrating to where the work is” (Feller, Russell and...   [tags: Culture, Multiculturalism, Psychology, Behavior]

Powerful Essays
1235 words (3.5 pages)