Essay on The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status

Essay on The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status

Length: 2494 words (7.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status

The universal precautions of the Centers for Disease Control do not eradicate all risk to the patient or health care provider, says Baillie et al. (p. 129). While health care providers in all institutions have been educated in universal precautions, Beck, a registered nurse, cautions that some employees have failed to comply with the recommended procedures from the Centers of Disease Control. Some nurses find goggles, gloves, and other protective gear to be cumbersome to wear and/or too time consuming to put on and remove. Beck cites the case of Barbara Fassbinder, an RN documented by the CDC, who contracted AIDS by using her finger to apply pressure to a patient's intravenous site in an emergency room (p.12).

The identification of a positive HIV status would prevent the provider from performing certain 'exposure-prone' procedures that might place the patient at a higher risk for contracting AIDS from such contact (Beck, p.11). Such exposure-prone procedures include "digital palpation of a needle tip in a body cavity or the simultaneous presence of the healthcare worker's fingers and a needle or other sharp instrument or object in a poorly visualized or highly confined anatomic site" (p. 13-14).

The American Medical Association states that "the physician should err on the side of safety even when there is uncertainty about the physician's infection. In particular, the AMA believes that, if there is an identifiable risk, HIV-infected physicians have an ethical obligation either to withdraw from the case or to inform the patient of the condition" (Baillie, p. 128).

Mandatory HIV testing may provide epidemiological data.

Mandatory HIV testing may provide reliable epidemiological data. In order to plan rationally for the incidence of disease, it is necessary to know the extent of the problem. Research may provide information about the effectiveness of drugs, the demographics of the disease, and in particular, the transmissibility to patients and health care providers. "The more the public officials know about the spread of the disease, the easier it is to raise and distribute funds and to prepare hospitals and health care professionals for managing this devastating virus" (Werdel, p. 194).

Disclosure of the HIV Status

Disclosure of the HIV status of the health care provider pro...

... middle of paper ...

...y involvement in such mandatory testing, and of any revelation of positive test findings in terms of who is ultimately to be informed (Baillie, p. 291).

Concluding Discussion

Although HIV testing has its benefits, it seems that any type of mandatory testing and subsequent "public disclosure" could potentially outweigh these positives via the harm and stigmas that arise as a result. Accordingly, it seems that a voluntary approach should be the course of action that is taken, while being advocated for both by the general public, and by health care providers together. That way the people that are infected can be educated about high risk behavior, so as to begin to help stop the spread of the disease. Otherwise, mandatory tests and disclosure only work to identify the infected individuals, but really do not provide much to help their plight. With the help of advocacy for voluntary testing, perhaps society can glean the benefits from the tests and privately identify those individuals or groups at risk that wish to remain anonymous, without the negative discrimination and stigmatisms that may result from direct identifiers in terms of mandatory testing and subsequent disclosure.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Mandatory HIV Testing is Wrong Essay

- TABLE OF CONTENTS S No Topic Page No 1 Introduction 3 2 Mandatory HIV testing among Pregnant women 4 3 Pros of Mandatory HIV testing for pregnant women 5-6 4 Arguments against Mandatory testing for pregnant women 7 5 Arguments against Mandatory Premarital HIV Testing 8-9 6 Proponents of Mandatory Premarital HIV Testing 10 7 Conclusions 10-11 8 Recommendations 12 9. References 12-13 Introduction There are different kinds of HIV testing: voluntary testing, where the person tested makes the decision; mandatory testing, where you are tested whether or not you want to be tested; and routine testing, where, if you got some blood drawn for some other reason, an ex...   [tags: Pro Con HIV Testing ]

Powerful Essays
1389 words (4 pages)

The Benefits of Introducing at-Home Testing for HIV in Indonesia Essay

- ... The stigma would then be manifested as discriminating behaviors. A study that was held by Harapan et al (2013) found that the level of stigmatized and discriminatory attitudes was high even among health care workers in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. One of the common causes of this stigma is the irrational fear of HIV transmission (Harapan 2013, Hossain 2011, Hossain 2010, Li 2007). In the current voluntary and clinical testing setting, a person willing to test his HIV status must see many health care workers....   [tags: pros and cons, prevention programs]

Powerful Essays
1795 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing

- Standardized testing is a down fall to many students but also an opportunity for many others. Standardized testing has its pros and its cons. It can be the make it or break it factor into getting into colleges you are hoping to attend or the scholarships you want to earn. Some people may have their opinions about the test, whether they hate it or not but the fact is that it’s here to stay. What exactly is standardized testing you may ask, it is a test which measures the knowledge among different students....   [tags: Standardized Testing Essays]

Powerful Essays
666 words (1.9 pages)

The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law Essay

- Abstract Forty million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus. About six percent of them will not inform their intimate partners about their health condition. Many efforts that have been made over the past decade towards establishing a HIV/AIDS law, have finally paid off. The act of disclosing the virus was written in 1990. It caused quite a stir among the citizens of the United States. Many people concluded that there were holes in the disclosure law concerning HIV/AIDS because it lacked complete thought....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]

Powerful Essays
1371 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Genetic Testing Controversy

- A lot of controversial issues present themselves in psychology. Two topics that I will be discussing in this essay are the controversy over genetic testing and what things would be like without genetic testing. I will be describing what genetic testing is, and how it can affect an individual’s family life. I will be discussing the benefits of genetic counseling, as well as the positives without genetic counseling, and how this issue is debated in a psychological view. Genetic testing, can affect a person’s life in many ways....   [tags: Genetic Testing Pros & Cons]

Powerful Essays
1990 words (5.7 pages)

The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing Essay

- INTRODUCTION Imagine walking into school on day one of the Transitional Colorado Assessment Program, or better known as TCAP. You are rushed to your proctor’s room. This is just day one of the six long grueling test days. The school board is counting on you to score high enough to reflect positively on your school district. Each session will last up to sixty minutes with just enough time for most students to finish. There are usually three sessions per day. For most students, this process is one which is dreaded with each coming year....   [tags: Standardized Testing]

Powerful Essays
1873 words (5.4 pages)

The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing Essay

- “It’s awful. I just cringe every time I walk in the teacher’s room because these tests are the only topic of conservation in there, and it raises your anxiety just to hear how scared everybody is. A few years ago, I really loved teaching, but this is intense… I’m not sure how long I can take it “(Barksdale-Ladd, Thomas 390). Two major classifications of standardized testing are norm-referenced and criterion-referenced testing. These two tests are the most frequently used and well known method of testing in the United States as well as numerous other countries in the world....   [tags: High-Stakes Testing]

Powerful Essays
2110 words (6 pages)

The Pros and Cons of Genetic Testing Essay

- In 2003, the Human Genome Project was completed. The project was an international research effort whose ultimate goal was to sequence the human genome and identify its genes. Upon completion, the Human Genome Project provided a complete sequence of the nearly 3 billion base pairs in the human genome. By essentially creating a blueprint of what makes a healthy human, we know what a normal, un-mutated genome looks like. That being said, genetic testing is now available to essentially anyone. While genetic testing may put us a great advantage scientifically, it could also be a set-back....   [tags: Genetic Testing Essays]

Powerful Essays
2069 words (5.9 pages)

History and Pros of Animal Testing Essay

- History and Pros of Animal Testing Abstract: Animal research refers to the use of non-human animals for testing or experimenting on. The first recorded use of animals for testing started with the Greeks in the third and fourth century BC. The use of animals for testing is usually in the basic fields of; biomedical research, security, evaluation and education of a product. It is estimated that almost 50 million—100 million animals are tested on and killed annually, but this is usually done to make a product safer for humans....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Animal Testing]

Powerful Essays
1240 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Medical Testing On Animals

- Medical Testing On Animals Medical testing on animals is a very controversial topic that touches almost every individual's life whether they realize it or not. 16 million diabetic people enjoy life they would otherwise not have if it weren't for the dogs, rabbits, and, fish that endured tests to help scientists discover treatments and produce insulin. Cardiovascular disease is high on the list of American killers. The procedures used to treat this affliction such as surgical techniques and theraputic drugs required the use of animal testing....   [tags: Pros Cons Animal Testing Essays]

Powerful Essays
1507 words (4.3 pages)