Vigorous as a predator, affectionate toward its pack, the gray wolf elicits both fear and admiration among humans. This fear, along with ignorance, inspired a movement to eradicate the gray wolf from the lower forty-eight states in the early 1900’s. By the early 1930’s, gray wolf populations had been completely eliminated from the Rocky Mountains (Bangs, et al 147). In 1973, congress passed the Endangered Species Act that protected any wolves that naturally migrated from Canada (U.S. Congress). Public opinion began to shift and the value of the wolf on the ecosystem became understood. In the early 1990’s, planning for a reintroduction of the gray wolf, Canus lupus, to the Greater Yellowstone Wilderness was undertaken (Bangs, et al 148). When the reintroduction began in 1995, it met much public opposition. Wolf restoration was viewed as the embodiment of an ethic of responsibility and there was no better place to appl...
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Boyd, D.K. and D.H. Pletscher. “Characteristics of Dispersal in a Colonizing Wolf Population in the Central Rocky Mountains”. Journal of Wildlife Management. 1999. V63. Pp1094-1108.
Bury, Susan and Hank Fischer. “Top 10 Reasons to Support Rancher Compensation”. Endangered Species Bulletin. March, 1999. v24 i2. P24.
Donnelly, Karen J., “Canine In the Wild.” World and I. Jan. 1999. v14 i1: pp180+.
Hampton, Bruce. The Great American Wolf. Henry Holt. New York, 1997.
Richardson, Valerie. “Decrying Wolves”. National Review. March 20, 1995: pp 28, 29.
Sneed, Paul G. “The feasibility of Gray Wolf Reintroduction to the Grand Canyon Ecoregion”. Endangered Species Update. July-August 2001. v18 i4. pp 153-158.
United States Congress. Endangered Species Act. Washington D.C. 1973.
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