This paper is an analytical essay on global ethical issues on peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing. A history and background of peer-to-peer file-sharing will be given, as well as how it became an issue. This paper will explore what aspects of file-sharing are ethical and at what point it becomes unethical. An explanation of the laws will be described and whether the laws different from region-to-region around the world. The paper will include personal experiences with file sharing, as well as an in-depth analysis on the topic with high-quality industry and academic references to defend a particular moral/ethical position.
The Internet is a shared resource, a cooperative network built out of millions of hosts all over the world. In the year 2000, the network model that survived the enormous growth of the previous five years had been turned on its head. Through the music-sharing application called Napster, and the larger movement dubbed “peer-to-peer,” the millions of users connecting to the Internet began connecting to each other directly, forming groups and collaborating to become user-created search engineers, virtual supercomputers, and file systems. The original Internet was fundamentally designed as a peer-to-peer system. Over time it became increasingly client/server, with millions of consumer clients communicating with a relatively privileged set of servers. Current peer-to-peer applications are using the Internet much as it was originally designed: as a medium for communication for machines that share resources with each other as equals. The Internet was originally conceived in the late 1960s as a peer-to-peer system. The goal of ...
... middle of paper ...
...erspace: Dealing with Law Enforcement and the Courts. November 1999 in Proceedings of the 27th annual ACM SIGUCCS conference on User services: Mile High expectations.
 D. K. Mulligan, J. Han, A. J. Burstein: Copyrights and Access-Rights: How DRM-based Content Delivery Systems Disrupt Expectations of ”Personal Use”. October 2003 in Proceedings of the 2003 ACM workshop on Digital rights management.
 D. Clark: Future of intellectual property: How Copyright became controversial. April 2002 in Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference on Computers, Freedom and Privacy.
 N. Garnett: Digital Rights Management, Copyright, and Napster. March 2001 in ACM SIGecom Exchanges, Volume 2 Issue 2.
 J. Evers: File Swapping Fight Goes Global: Recording industry says P-to-P users in Canada and Europe could face legal action. March 30, 2004 in IDG News Service.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- An Ethical Evaluation of Peer-to-Peer File Swapping Abstract The last few years has seen an explosion in the use of the Internet as a means for exchanging, free of charge, digital media by way of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) file sharing technologies. Initially, the practice was primarily limited to the swapping of music, in the form of MP3 files. The pervasiveness of broadband, the advent of newer file types, and the creation of more sophisticated technologies has subsequently made possible the exchange of other types as well – including movies, television shows and software.... [tags: File Sharing Research Papers]
3209 words (9.2 pages)
- The popularity of peer to peer file sharing was as an offshoot of the introduction of Naspers and people who were in need of certain information and those who could give it were interconnected.[ ] The workings of Peer-to-peer file sharing differ from the old-styled file downloading system in such a way that a software program is used to locate or search for computers that are in possession or have what you need rather than the web browser. The computers are called peers because they are same as yours, they are yours.[ ] So you run the software on your computer and send out a request for the file you need and the software will query other computers with the same software connected to the in... [tags: Peer-to-peer, File sharing]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- Nikita Kakorin Candidate Number: To What Extent does Peer to Peer Networking Improve Data Sharing for the Global Community of Users. Computer Science Julie Nygaard Total Word Count without Abstract: 3046 Total Word Count with Abstract: 3229 1 December 2014 Abstract: Peer to Peer (P2P) networking is becoming more and more commonly used by a very diverse section of the population. It is affecting our lives, the lives of those around us, and the economy we depend on, all at the same time.... [tags: Peer-to-peer, File sharing, Client-server]
3867 words (11 pages)
- The History of File Sharing Abstract People have lots of options when it comes to file sharing, but BitTorrent is the most popular among the file sharing clients. File sharing began when the first floppy disks were established by IBM in 1971. The first floppy disk only held eighty kilobytes of storage. The floppy disk developed throughout time by getting smaller and having more space available on them. The first online bulletin board system was created 1978 by ward Christensen. This system let people share files over a very basic version of the internet.... [tags: File sharing, Peer-to-peer, Copyright]
1994 words (5.7 pages)
- Summary Evidently, the internet has revolutionized the society a great deal as far as communication is concerned. For example, information sharing is faster now; it is also easier to find information as compared to earlier on. Moreover, internet technology is undergoing incessant diversification. Internet piracy is one of the challenges that results from the use of new technology. Specifically, internet piracy touches on copyright ownership as well as fair use, posing a number of challenges particularly in the strict implementation of these control measures.... [tags: internet, communication, global environment]
2798 words (8 pages)
- Introduction In short, the internet has transformed the society a great deal as far as information and entertainment are concerned. In essence, it has transformed the ways in which communication together with the way businesses are being operated. As an illustration, not only is information sharing faster now, it is also easier to find information as compared to previous times. Also, internet users can share their digital files with friends as well as other parties they choose to share with, with just a click of a button.... [tags: global environment, online piracy]
2482 words (7.1 pages)
- 2.What should peer-to-peer (P2P) networks do to grow their business. P2P providers should look for new ways to legalize file-sharing. P2P companies should convince the music industry by presenting feasible solutions that economically can benefit the music industry, like charging users fees to access files. Placing a system to assist file-sharing users to open retail accounts, whereas retailers allow other P2P fans to download songs for small fees, then a percentage of this money is handed in to copyright owners.... [tags: File sharing, Peer-to-peer, Anti-copyright]
736 words (2.1 pages)
- The internet has changed the traditional supply chain of the music industry and online file sharing has become a significant part of how music is distributed today. The original model was one of a circulation chain from artist to studio and finally to consumer, however the invention of the mp3 format and the introduction of p2p file sharing have facilitated more direct distribution channels. The first successful attempt at this new method of music sharing came in the form of Napster in 1999 which allowed users to share files across computers, connecting them at much faster speeds with larger sharing quantities in a peer-to-peer file sharing system.... [tags: Peer-to-peer, File sharing, Kazaa, Freenet]
961 words (2.7 pages)
- The current phenomenon of peer-to-peer programs (also known as P2P) all began with a college student named Shawn Fanning at Northeastern University, who wanted an easier way of finding music over the internet. Websites that offered good music all seemed to lead to dead ends, frustrating Shawn and those around him. It inspired him to make a file-sharing system combined with a music search function that would allow users to “bypass the rats' nest of legal and technical problems that kept great music from busting out all over the World Wide Web.” It was called Napster.... [tags: File Sharing Internet ]
703 words (2 pages)
- Peer To Peer Piracy Everyone loves good tunes, and that’s okay. In this media heavy society, everyone has a favorite type of music, or a favorite artist. However, expanding one’s horizons in music beyond mainstream was terribly expensive, until Napster. Napster, Shawn Fanning’s brainchild, was a revolution. People began trading music over the internet through peer to peer file sharing, and next thing you know, everyone could have thousands and thousands of songs. Napster had shown a society a method for getting what they wanted, for free.... [tags: File Sharing Network MP3]
1015 words (2.9 pages)