One of the most influential groups of the 20th Century—the Beatles revolutionized rock and roll into what we know it as today. Not only were they great musicians, they wrote and composed each of their songs. The band proved to be popular and exciting causing mass hysteria at each of their public performances. The “Fab Four’s” talent was so great that the phenomenon was termed “Beatlemania” in Britain and eventually erupted in the United States being called the British Invasion of the Beatles (Britannica Online, 2005).
The Beatles was composed of four members: Paul McCartney (born June 18, 1942), John Lennon (born October 9, 1940), George Harrison (born February, 25, 1943), and Ringo Starr (born Richard Starkey; July 7, 1940) (Britannica Student, 2005). Each of the members was born in Liverpool, England to working class families. Lennon and McCartney taught themselves the intricacies of being a musician.
The original band was composed of Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison and called the Quarrymen. Several name changes occurred (Johnny and the Moondogs, the Moonshiners, then the Silver Beatles) eventually dropping Silver to become the Beatles (Britannica Student, 2005). With name changes also came personnel changes. Stuart Sutcliffe joined the band in 1960 as a bassist. Then Pete Best joined as drummer.
The Beatles, while in Liverpool, were a staple at the Cavern Club. It was here that they met band manager Brian Epstein. Epstein was able to secure the Beatles an audition with producer George Martin of Parlophone. Soon after, Martin signed the Beatles (Unterberger, 2005). At this time (1962) Sutcliffe had left the band, Paul becoming the bassist, they decided to fire Pete Best and replace him with Ringo (Britan...
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... several solo albums, although he didn’t have as much success as the other band members. After the dissolution, Paul formed the band “Wings” with his wife Linda and experienced many great successes. Linda then passed away in 1998. He has however moved on, marrying Heather Mills (a model and activist) in June of 2002.
“Beatles, The.” Britannica Student Encyclopedia. 2005. Encyclopedia Britannica Online 22 Jan. 2005 http://search.eb.com/ebi/article?tocld=9273136
“Beatles, The.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopedia Britannica Online 22 Jan. 2005 http://search.eb.com/eb/article?tocld=9013958
“McCartney, Paul”. Britannica Student Encyclopedia. 2005. Encyclopedia Online 22 Jan. 2005 http://search.eb.com/ebi/article?tocld=9312411
Unterberger, Richie. Biography. 22 Jan. 2005. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:u69ss33ba3pg~T1
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