Fillippo Brunelleschi is famous for such ideas and projects as the “Cupola of the Duomo” in Florence and for the way he convoluted forms of classical architecture according to the new spirit of his age. In the Florentine workshops he was trained as a sculptor and goldsmith and in 1401 he became well known by winning a competition for the second door of Baptistery “Ex Aequo” with Lorenzo Ghiberti, who was commissioned to carry out the work. The Bargello Museum holds the panels of the “Sacrifice of Isaac” that the two artists carried out for this competition. It is believed Brunelleschi most likely spent the next three years studying sculpture and architecture with his friend Donatello in Rome. In 1401 he joined the Guild of Goldsmiths. However, his interest in mathematics and ancient monuments sent him toward the direction of architecture (Lombroso 1).
Starting in 1409, he worked on the Santa Maria del Fiore’s construction and was immediately attracted by the cupola’s problem; in 1418 his design won the competition and he was put in complete charge of the building works in 1423. The completion of this important construction and a special design technique that made it possible to create the huge cupola’s curves without a supporting framework, presumed most of his life. This formed the basis of Renaissance architecture. In 1434 the main structure was finished and then the lantern completed it by 1436 and finally the four tribunes in the apse in 1438 (Lombroso 2).
During this period Brunelleschi also worked on the Pazzi Chapel in the Cloisters of Santa Croce in 1430, the Spedale degli Innocenti in 1424, the reconstruction of San Lorenzo in 1423, on the design for Santo Spirito in 1436, and finally t...
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...ful monarchs that finally succeeded in gradually unifying each country. England’s unity came under Henry VII while France was united around the time of the death of Louis XI in 1483. Major ideas of the Renaissance also began to influence the cultures of England and France. The reign of Queen Elizabeth I was perhaps one of the most culturally rich times for England during the Renaissance. Shakespeare’s plays and works were also written and glorified during this time (Cedar Rapids 7).
Cedar Rapids Community Schools, Government of the Renaissance. Web. 3 April 2015. http://www.cr.k12.ia.us/Renaissance/government.htm
Encyclopedia4U.COM, Leone Battista Alberti. Web. 3 April 2015.
Megavia Lombroso, Filippo Brunelleschi. Web. 3 April 2015.
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