Many authors have employed the religious beliefs of their cultures in literature. The deities contained in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Biblical book of Exodus reflect the nature of the gods in their respective societies. Upon examination of these two works, there are three major areas where the gods of the Greek epic seem to directly contrast the nature of the God of the Israelites: the way problems are solved, the prestige and status that separates the divine from the masses, and the extent of power among the immortal beings.
Before any logical argument regarding the contrasting of two works can begin, a foundation must be established that in some way links the two narratives, so that there is a basis for that argument. For the purpose of seeking out the differences that lie between the gods of Homer’s The Odyssey and the God of Exodus, there are two major links that provide the groundwork. First, each work includes a system of divine power, which is recognized as having authority above men. In Homer’s The Odyssey, Nestor of Gerenia tells Telemakhos, "I can have no fears for you if, at your age, the gods are your companions" (3.403, 405). This statement echoes the sentiments displayed throughout the book, and it reveals the power ascribed to the pantheon of Greek gods. If Nestor has no fears for Telemakhos simply because the gods are with him, then that implies that the gods have the authority to keep Telemakhos from harm. The God of Exodus, who is known also as Yahweh and Jehovah, is recognized as Deity by the Israelites. A small, seemingly insignificant verse in Exodus reflects the authority of Yahweh, when, immediately following the Passover...
... middle of paper ...
...ogical Commentary. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1974.
Dinsmore, Charles Allen. "Homer: What He Believed and What He Valued." 1937. Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism. Vol. 1. Ed. Dennis Poupard et al. Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1988. pp. 326-329.
Durham, John I. World Biblical Commentary. Vol. 3. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1987.
Exodus. The Holy Bible, New International Version. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 2000.
Grant, Robert McQueen. Gods and the One God. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1986.
Guthrie, W.K.C. The Greeks and Their Gods. Boston: Beacon Press, 1950.
Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible. Vol. 1. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 1991.
Homer. The Odyssey. Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Vol. 1. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1995.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
Analysis of the Consequences of the Disobedience to the Great God/Gods in Paradise Lost and “Pandora’s box”
- In John Milton’s Paradise Lost, Milton narrates the story of Adam and Eve, but on a deeper level, figuring out the motives, feelings, and emotions of each character while also introducing the story of Satan/Lucifer and all of his complexities. At the same time Milton gives the story a twist when he relates how sin and death is brought into the human world. Greek Mythology gives a similar anecdote which compares with John Milton’s story very much: the story of Pandora and Epimetheus. “Pandora’s Box” also relates the story of how evil sprits came upon the world thorough Pandora’s disobedience.... [tags: Literary Analysis ]
2492 words (7.1 pages)
- The Flood in The Epic of Gilgamish and The Bible The story of the great flood is probably the most popular story that has survived for thousands of years and is still being retold today. It is most commonly related within the context of Judeo-Christian tradition. In the Holy Bible, the book of Genesis uses the flood as a symbol of God's wrath as well as His hope that the human race can maintain peace and achieve everlasting salvation. The tale of Noah's Ark begins with God's expression of dismay as to the degenerate state of the human race at the time. People were behaving wickedly and sinfully and God decided that a genetic cleansing was necessary. He spared only Noah and his famil... [tags: Epic Gilgamesh Essays]
883 words (2.5 pages)
- The Apostle Paul tells his young disciple and servant of the Lord, Timothy, that Christians should rightly handle the Word of truth in 2 Timothy 2:15, stressing the importance of accurate interpretations of the Scriptures and the appropriate applications in the lives of believers. Unquestionably, Paul shared this with Timothy because many false teachers, gods, and beliefs were present during that time. Much like the days of Paul and Timothy, believers today must be aware of what the Scripture teaches and be on guard against those spreading false doctrine.... [tags: Bible, Christianity, Biblical hermeneutics]
829 words (2.4 pages)
- As we first meet Joses, in the book of Acts, we learn much about his person. Joses, who we are told was surnamed Barnabas by the Apostles, must have spent a considerable amount of time with them, considering he had received a surname from them. Certainly, even in the free for all social climates that we have in society today, one would not deliberately call someone Fred when his given name was Lawrence unless their be great affection among these acquaintances. Most likely, because Barnabas was a Levite, he may have had previous interactions with the other apostles and through these interactions; they were able to view God’s development of his character.... [tags: Religion, The Book of Acts]
2774 words (7.9 pages)
- In his book, Structure of Biblical Authority, Meredith Kline explains, describes, and defends the suzerain-vassal paradigm of the biblical covenant and canon of Scripture. Scripture’s authority, according to Kline is not merely related to its ontology (that God has spoken it); but in its basic economic form, Scripture is a covenantal document and therefore is authoritative. It is through this covenant that God binds himself to his covenant people and they to him. As our covenant suzerain, God sovereignly rules his vassals with covenant stipulations.... [tags: Meredith Kline, Biblical Covenants]
992 words (2.8 pages)
- Genesis is the first book of the Bible and a large amount of information about the world can come from reading Genesis. What we learn from Genesis greatly influences our worldview, which is the framework of how we view the world and make value judgments about life. A worldview answers the questions of origin, identity, meaning, morality, and destiny. I believe that I have a biblical worldview and support the Bible in its teachings. When looking at the book of Genesis, specifically Genesis 1-11, key information is learned that shapes our worldview regarding the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and civilization.... [tags: Adam and Eve, Book of Genesis, Garden of Eden]
1017 words (2.9 pages)
- Morals are having principles or habits with respect to right or wrong conduct (“Morals”). Having morals is something that people can have or lack. In religion, believing in a god with morals is a necessity. In Ancient Greece, however, Greek religion believed in gods and goddesses with immoral behaviors. Ancient Greek religion was a polytheistic religion that believed in many gods and goddesses. To Greeks, these gods and goddesses would be able to control everything. Each god or goddess had his or her own distinct personality and territory.... [tags: Ancient Greek Religion, Gods, Morals]
580 words (1.7 pages)
- The biblical book of Acts is an interpretation of the early discoursing regarding Jesus Christ, the development of the ancient Christian people, and sharing the good news of the Christian message. When Jesus was raise from the dead he went to see his disciples to my understanding, respiring on the disciples and stating, “Receive ye the Holy Ghost” (John 20:22, NKJV). On the contrary even though the disciples had obtained the Holy Ghost after Jesus respired on them, my studies revealed that Jesus expressed to the disciples to pause for the satisfying or fulfillment of the Holy Ghost that was in Jerusalem.... [tags: Christianity, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Glossolalia]
1039 words (3 pages)
- Analysis of The Sport of the Gods by Paul The book "The Sport of the Gods" by Paul is about an African American servant named Berry Hamilton who lived with Fannie and two kids, a son named Joe and daughter named Kit. They lived in a little cottage that sat in the back of the mansion of his employer Maurice Oakley. Berry had been a butler for Mr. Oakley for twenty years. Berry was a loyal and hard working man for Mr. Oakley. Mr. Oakley treated him with so much respect and gave him so much that Berry felt that he had no choice but to serve him the way he did.... [tags: The Sport of the Gods Literature Essays]
821 words (2.3 pages)
- The Role of the Gods and Fate in Virgil's The Aeneid Are the deeds of mortal characters in the Aeneid controlled by the gods or by fate. Aeneas must fulfill the will of the gods, while enduring the wrath of other gods, all the while being a worthy predecessor of Augustus and founder of the Roman people. Of course, the Trojan is successful because he gives himself up to these other obligations, while those who resist the will of the gods, Dido and Turnus, die sad deaths. Juno, the queen of gods, attempts to destroy Aeneas and his men in Book I of the Aeneid.... [tags: Aeneid Virgil Gods Essays]
1503 words (4.3 pages)