What is Autism?
Autism is a neurological disorder delaying overall development and functioning. Children with autism generally experience prominent delays in the development of language, non-verbal communication, cognitive abilities, adaptive functioning, and social interaction. Children with autism often exhibit self stimulatory behavior such as spinning, rocking, hand flapping, or other peculiar motor behaviors. Autistic children can also be characterized by repetitive behavior and obsession with routine. Wide ranges of severity exist among those affected, for example, communication development can be displayed through complex language acquisition or the child may demonstrate no form of communication at all.
A Parent's Perspective
If you receive a diagnosis of Autism for your child, it can be devastating. Finding the appropriate help for your child can prove to be a painstaking endeavor. It is common for parents to receive conflicting, and/or erroneous information about the treatment of Autism from various professionals. The purpose of this pamphlet is to explain a mode of treatment known as Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and its potential effectiveness.
What is ABA?
ABA is a comprehensive behavior program incorporating all aspects of a child's life. It is characterized by a systematic teaching program. Every learning objective is broken down into the simplest form and taught to the child in a one-to-one (child/teacher) format. As skills are developed, complexity is added and generalization into all parts of the child's life is expected.
The primary teaching method is known as discrete trial teaching. Discrete trial teaching occurs in a highly structured environ...
... middle of paper ...
... 28 Nov. 2001. Connecticut Families for Effective Autism Treatment. 7 Feb. 2002 <http://www.ctfeat.org/daversabafinal.htm >
Saffran, R. “What is ABA?”, Jul. 1997. ABA Resources for Recovery of Autism/PDD/Hyperlexia. 7 Feb. 2002 <http://members.tripod.com/Rsaffran/whatisaba.html>
Leaf, Ron, McEachin, John, Editors. A Work in Progress: Behavior Management Strategies and a Curriculum for Intensive Behavioral Treatment of Autism. New York: DRL Books, 1999.
"Early Behavior Intervention for Autism: What Does Reserach Tell Us?" by Green, G. as found in Behavior Intervention for Young Children with Autism, edited by C. Maurice, G. Green, S. Luce
"Roll Call of Recovered Kids", <http://home.san.rr.com/autismnet/rollcall.html> provided through The Autism Network Resources for Physicians website, 2000-20001.<http://home.san.rr.com/autismnet/>
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The core principles of Applied Behavior Analysis were seen in several of this weeks required readings, appearing in all or multiple sources. Their definitions varied in each reading, all providing more clarification upon the previous. The first term, applied, refers to the "commitment to affecting improvements" in the field. (Cooper 16) Baer, Wolf and Risley said that whether or not something is applied is determined "by the interest which society shows in the problems being studied." (Baer 92) Both sets of authors emphasize that importance of the practitioner taking ownership in dictating how important it is to change the designated behavior.... [tags: Applied behavior analysis, Behavior, Behaviorism]
1061 words (3 pages)
- Applied Behavior Analysis and Clinical Science Statement of Purpose Since as far back as I could remember, I knew I wanted to make a difference. I remember being the little girl that never wanted to take more than the other children. I remember being the girl that always put others before herself, especially those who were less fortunate than I was. While children my age were busy playing Simon Says in our neighborhood, I was making a difference volunteering throughout the community. The most memorable and impactful experience that I can remember, is volunteering at Give Kids the World.... [tags: Psychology, Behavior, Applied behavior analysis]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Applied behavior Analysis (ABA) is the scientific application of set principals of operant behavior that branch off of the behaviorism philosophical approach of behavior. The core principals of Applied Behavior Analysis are to target an individual’s behavior for change that has a real life application for the individual. Moreover, of Applied Behavior Analysis seeks to discover the environmental variables that influence the individual behavior while simultaneously demonstrates a functional relationship between the manipulated environmental behavior and the target behavior.... [tags: Psychology]
956 words (2.7 pages)
- The decision to be parents is a very special experience. Right away, parents start preparing for when the child comes into the world. But who can ever prepare for being a parent to an autistic child. Autism is a developmental disorder that causes delays in social, cognitive, fine motor, and also gross motor skills. According to Autism Speaks “ASD affects over two million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide. Moreover, government autism statistics suggest that prevalence rates have increased 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years.”(Autism speaks, 2014).... [tags: ABA classroom procedures, teaching special needs]
1649 words (4.7 pages)
- Applied Behavior Analysis What is Autism. Autism is a neurological disorder delaying overall development and functioning. Children with autism generally experience prominent delays in the development of language, non-verbal communication, cognitive abilities, adaptive functioning, and social interaction. Children with autism often exhibit self stimulatory behavior such as spinning, rocking, hand flapping, or other peculiar motor behaviors. Autistic children can also be characterized by repetitive behavior and obsession with routine.... [tags: Autism Autistic Disorders Essays]
1535 words (4.4 pages)
- Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied systematically to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for behavior change. The definition of ABA includes six key components. The first component is the practice of applied behavior analysis is guided by the attitudes and methods of science inquiry. Second, all behavior change procedures are described and implemented in a systematic, technological manner.... [tags: Language Development, Autism]
1522 words (4.3 pages)
- My aspirations are to become a Board Certified Behavior Analyst at Genesee Health System. A year ago, I started as an Applied Behavior Analyst Technician where I serve autistic children through therapeutic behavioral services and I must say I really fell in love with my job and the kids I work with every day. It has motivated me to carry on with my educational goals and continue working with children. ABA Technician is a great job to have and you gain lots of experience, but what made me motivated even more to apply for M.Ed.... [tags: Applied behavior analysis, Behaviorism, Behavior]
823 words (2.4 pages)
- I have taken on a new client, Mr. Smith, who owns a small custom figure skate manufacturer. The company is comprised of thirty employees not easily replaced due to the highly specialized training they have received. Over the last twelve months employee absenteeism has become an increasing problem, becoming more severe, to the point productivity is hampered and the future of the company is jeopardized. Mr. Smith has made a couple of attempts to rectify the situation, (first with coffee and donuts; then again with an appeal to come to work or be without a job) to little effect.... [tags: Applied behavior analysis, Behavior]
833 words (2.4 pages)
- Throughout the second half of this semester, dual relationships have been emphasized as one of the most frequently encountered ethical dilemmas faced by behavior analysts in the field today. According to the class lectures, assigned text, and other articles that we have read, this is due to the fact that we interact with our clients and those caring for them in their natural settings. As a result, those we provide services to, and interact with, are in the places in which they feel the most comfortable, their homes or regular classrooms.... [tags: Applied behavior analysis, Behavior, Behaviorism]
1179 words (3.4 pages)
- During my freshman year in high school became interested in Phonology and language differences when I studied Arabic. The mother of one of my childhood friends; Ovetta Harris, took notice of me. She encouraged and inspired me to pursue Speech Pathology as a major. I graduated from St. John’s University in the spring of 2016 with a degree B.A. in Speech Language Pathology and Audiology. However, last year did not work out as planned. Much to my dismay, I was rejected from every single school that I applied to for graduate school.... [tags: Applied behavior analysis, Behaviorism]
858 words (2.5 pages)