Herman Hesse and Henrik Ibsen make extensive references to and use of nature in their respective masterpieces, Siddhartha and A Doll’s House. This includes the use of nature as imagery, symbolism, and to create a motif. While the objects in nature do differ because of the location of the stories, there is also overlap.
In Siddhartha Herman Hesse refers to two symbols of nature, birds and water, specifically the river. The first reference to a bird is when Siddhartha decides to leave the Buddha. He realizes that he is going through one of many changes, ceasing to be a Samana but unable to go back to being a Brahmin. In response Siddhartha, “shiver[s] inwardly like a small animal, like a bird or a hare, when he realize[s] how alone he [is].” (Hesse 41) That Hesse specifically mentions a bird is significant, because it begins to establish the motif of a bird as a symbol of Siddhartha’s soul.
The second significant bird reference occurs just before Siddhartha leaves Kamala, his lover. Siddhartha falls into a deep sleep and dreams about Kamala’s household; “Kamala kept a small rare songbird in a small golden cage… This bird, which usually sang in the morning, became mute, and as this surprised him, he went up to the cage and looked inside. The little bird was dead and lay stiff on the floor.” (Hesse 82)
During this time Siddhartha lived as a rich, successful businessman. He gambled, drank and ate rich foods. Because we know that the bird is symbolic of Siddhartha’s soul, we know that the dream is a warning to Siddhartha that his soul will soon die. In it the cage is trapping the bird. Similarly, Siddhartha’s life style is trapping him spiritually. He has been ...
... middle of paper ...
...a, becoming a close friend to her. Rank is ill, dying from a disease passed on by his father because of his father’s love for rich foods, specifically oysters. These oysters, coming from the river, will be the death of Rank. The sad thing is that this slow death is not Rank’s own doing. Rather, his father has forced it onto him. Similarly, Nora’s own suffocating conditions are not her own doing, but are forced onto her by society.
The book Siddhartha and the play, A Doll’s House both make use of nature in imagery for the purpose of creating a motif. However, the books differentiate in the motifs that they create. Siddhartha concentrates on creating a spiritual motif, while A Doll’s House uses the motif to create a societal picture. The purpose of the former is to show the culture of a far away land, while the latter uses it to craft a message for society.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Use of Form, Symbolism, and Conflict in Siddhartha Hermann Hesse uses the literary devices of form, symbolism, and conflict to develop his novel, Siddhartha. Hermann Hesse's novel, Siddhartha, "is a novel of classical symmetry, a perfection achieved" (Hermann Hesse 25). It tells the story of a young man who sets out to find his true self. Throughout his journey, Siddhartha converts to various religions, searching for the one religion that will help him discover his identity. As his journey continues, the main character is forced to overcome various obstacles in pursuit of his true self. He learns the ways of reality and its many flaws. As the story progresses, he comes... [tags: Hesse Siddhartha Essays]
1236 words (3.5 pages)
- The Use of Hesse Siddhartha to Reflect the Legendary Atmosphere of Buddha "Siddhartha" is one of the names of the historical Gautama, and the life of Hesse's character resembles that of his historical counterpart to some extent. Siddhartha is by no means a fictional life of Buddha, but it does contain numerous references to Buddha’s philosophies and his teachings. Although Hesse’s Siddhartha is not intended to portray the life of Gautama the Buddha but he used the name and many other attributed to reflect the legendary atmosphere and the pattern of his heroes transformation.... [tags: Siddhartha Gautama Buddhism Essays]
1482 words (4.2 pages)
- Discuss the nature of power explored in the texts, Eva Luna, and A Doll’s House In the two texts Eva Luna, and A Doll’s House, by Isabel Allende and Henrik Ibsen respectively, there are various people who have power over others. However this power comes in a number of forms, different characters use it for different purposes, and the ways the characters achieve it also differs. These different natures of power allow some people to succeed where others fail, and it is those who succeed that, in the end, have the true power.... [tags: A Doll's House Essays]
1521 words (4.3 pages)
- Hindu and Buddhist Thought in Siddhartha Siddhartha, set in India, is subtitled an "Indic Poetic Work," and it clearly owes much to Indian religions. But the question of the exact nature of Hesse's debt to various aspects of Indian religion and philosophy in Siddhartha is quite complicated and deserves detailed discussion. This essay will discuss the elements of Hindu and Buddhist thought present in Siddhartha and make distinctions between them. "Siddhartha is one of the names of the historical Gotama" (Noss 213), the life of Hesse's character, Siddhartha resembles that of his historical counterpart to some extent.... [tags: Hesse Siddhartha Essays]
1510 words (4.3 pages)
- The Search in Siddartha "Siddartha" is a book of a man’s struggle to find his true self. But his searching leads him in all the wrong directions. Then finally after a long journey he stops looking. During his search he discovers four things, what the “oneness” of life is, how the four noble truths affect everything, enlightenment, wisdom and love. On page 142 and 143 Siddartha realizes that Atmen or the “oneness” of life is in everything. That no matter who you are whether the Buddha, the dice player, or robber, “everything is Brahman.” Even a rock is said to have Atmen, because eventually the rock would dissolve and become material for a human body.... [tags: Hesse Siddhartha Essays]
535 words (1.5 pages)
- The Symbols of the Smile and the River in Siddhartha An important symbol in Siddhartha is the smile. Each of the three characters in the story who attain a final state of complete serenity is characterized by a beautiful smile which reflects their peaceful, harmonious state. In each case this smile is a completely natural phenomenon; it cannot be created at will by people who have not attained the prerequisite state of harmony with life. The first character who is described as possessing this smile is Gotama, the Buddha.... [tags: Hesse Siddhartha Essays]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- Finding Peace in Siddhartha "I have become distrustful of teachings and learning and that I have little faith in words that come to us from teachers." (Page 18) Siddartha experienced this when he was with the Samanas, still seeking for peace of the innersoul. He distrusted teachings because to attain peace, he must learn everything from himself. However, along his journey, he was indebted by a beautiful courtesan, a rich merchant, a dice player, a Bhuddist monk, and Vasudeva, for they had influenced him and he gained great knowledge from each of them.... [tags: Hesse Siddhartha Essays]
798 words (2.3 pages)
- A Doll House Essay Ibsen said that his mission in life was to “Inspire individuals to freedom and independence” which was shown throughout the play A Doll House. Since he wrote modern theatre, the characters were real and audiences could relate to them. He particularly questioned the role of men and women during his time. Ibsen used A Doll House to motivate women so they would seek more power and freedom in their relationships. Audiences could then look up to characters such as Nora and Mrs Linde whom were independent, some what ahead of their times.... [tags: A Doll's House Essays]
1147 words (3.3 pages)
- Siddhartha, written by Herman Hesse, is a novel about a man's progression towards his goal to center his life with a combination of peace and balance. Many of the displayed philosophies can be applied to today's world. Through my reading, I noticed many similarities between my life and Siddhartha's. First, Siddhartha felt a need for independence, that to truly be happy with his success, he must attain his achievements in his own way, and not others. Even though, he feels he must acquire this by himself, he tries to be as removed from his human side as possible.... [tags: Herman Hesse, Siddhartha Essays]
1013 words (2.9 pages)
- Siddhartha Siddhartha is extremely proud of his ability to think, fast, and wait. These qualities also allow him to get a job with Kamaswami as a merchant. These are basically Siddhartha's life achievements. Being able to do these things shows he is intelligent and more than able to do most tasks. This is probably why he flaunts it, and is proud of these abilities so much. In this essay I will discuss each of these abilities individually, and show how they apply to his life, what they do to teach him, or show him, and also show how they help him or hinder him in various situations.... [tags: Hesse Siddhartha Essays]
587 words (1.7 pages)