Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a form of arthritis characterized by the breakdown of cartilage within joints. Cartilage serves to provide cushion at the ends of bones, and when the cushion is not sufficient, as in osteoarthritis, the bones rub together. As a result, osteoarthritis sufferers are constantly plagued by stiff, swollen, and inflamed joints (http://www.arthritis.org/answers/diseasecenter/oa.asp). It is a relatively common condition, with an estimated 20 million American sufferers, most of whom are elderly (http://webmd.lycos.com/content/article/1668.50297). Traditional treatments include Tylenol, aspirin, or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but the long-term negative effects of these drugs combined with the fact that they offer only short-term relief has led doctors and scientists to search for better treatment options. While nutritional supplements as a form of alternative medicine have been slow to gain acceptance by American physicians (Schenck, 2000), glucosamine has surfaced as a consistently effective treatment method for osteoarthritis, and when used in conjunction with chondroitin, the relief this treatment program can provide for sufferers of this debilitating condition is long-awaited and much-welcomed.
What is glucosamine?
How does it work?
How effective is the treatment?
How does the glucosamine treatment compare to traditional methods of treatment?
What evidence is offered in support of these claims?
What’s the downside?
Scientific Analysis of Data
What is glucosamine?
Glucosamine is a natural sugar produced by the body and found in some foods (http://webmd.l...
... middle of paper ...
...lysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283 (11), 1469-75.
McCarty, M.F. (1994). The neglect of glucosamine as a treatment for osteoarthritis: A personal perspective. Medical Hypotheses, 42, 323-327.
Pipitone, V.R. (1991). Chondroprotection with chondroitin sulfate. Drugs Exp Clin Res, 17, 3-7.
Schenck, R.C. Jr. (2000). New approaches to the treatment of osteoarthritis: oral glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. Instructional Course Lectures, 49, 491-494.
Tapadinhas, M.J., Rivera, I.C., & Bignamini, A.A. (1982). Oral glucosamine sulfate in the management of arthrosis: Report on a multi-centre open investigation in Portugal. Pharmatherapeutica, 3, 157-168.
Towheed, T.E., & Anastassiades, T.P. (2000). Glucosamine and chondroitin for treating symptoms of osteoarthritis: evidence is widely touted but incomplete. JAMA, 283(11), 1483-1484.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Arthritis in general is an intriguing topic because my close families have suffered through the symptoms that arthritis is associated with from swelling of the joints to degradation of the cartilage affecting the bone. Since there are several types of arthritis, the main focus of this research will be osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the reduction of cartilage in the joints (Zamli and Sharif 159-166). This is a widespread disease affecting almost 27 million of adults in the United States (Lawrence, Felson, and et al 26-35).... [tags: Arthritis, Description]
1394 words (4 pages)
- Thumb osteoarthritis treatment aims at preventing the further degeneration of the articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition affecting the joints. Any joint of the body can be affected including the thumb. Thumb osteoarthritis is more common in women compared to men. Usually, thumb osteoarthritis develops after the age of 40. Thumb osteoarthritis mainly affects the joints at the thumb base, the fleshy part of thumb and near the wrist. However, the trapeziometacarpal joint (also known as first carpometacarpal joint) at the thumb base is the most common joint which is susceptible to degeneration.... [tags: Health]
925 words (2.6 pages)
- Osteoarthritis affects the joints mainly in the knees and arms causing pain and discomfort; also it is a leading cause of disabilities and suffering in the United States (Gemmell et al. 2003). No cure is known for the treatment of osteoarthritis, but management of pain is possible. In the following studies researchers look at how to minimize pain with patients who suffer from osteoarthritis. In Warholm et al. (2003) researchers used a herbal pill made from Rosa canina (Rose-hip powder), taken orally, that proves to reduce the pain in subjects with osteoarthritis.... [tags: pain, herbal ointment]
699 words (2 pages)
- Osteoarthritis can also be an indicator of an active lifestyle, as well as showing signs of physically demanding activities (Larsen, 1997:166; Papathanasiou, 2005:388). Exercise can lead to the development of osteoarthritis, and occurs through repetitive impacts on shock absorbing tissues of our joints. Overtime, this repetition causes our joints to narrow and no longer handle the strain of absorbing these shocks (Hoffman, 1993:896). Some scientists use radiographs of young athletes to show what damage is happening by recording the modification of bone and tissue.... [tags: Skeleton, Human skeleton, Colonialism, Bone]
908 words (2.6 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Osteoporosis, and osteoarthritis are completely different conditions, they are frequently mixed up for the other, in particular osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, because both names start with “osteo. This report will discuss the similarities and differences between the both diseases. WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects the joints and it is the most common type of arthritis. Evidence shows that the majority of the people affected are the over 60 (S. R 2006) This disease damages the surfaces of the joints stopping it from moving as smoothly as it should.... [tags: Osteoporosis, Bone, Bone fracture, Skeletal system]
2303 words (6.6 pages)
- Consequences of Osteoarthritis Aim and objectives The aim of this essay was to undertake a literature review of osteoarthritis. The topics that were covered are: what osteoarthritis actually is, the causes, symptoms, treatments, how a form of treatment works, side effects of this treatment and other treatments. There were two objectives for this SSA. The first objective was to find out what osteoarthritis is and how it affects the body and the second objective was to find out what treatment is available in the UK.... [tags: joint disorder affecting people over 65]
1735 words (5 pages)
- Known and Potential Causes of Osteoarthritis of the Limb Joints and Treatments Bones are joined together by joints, which allow varying degrees of movement between the adjacent bone ends; some joints permit considerable movement, others allowing only limited movement. The most important type of joint that permits considerable movement is the synovial joint. A strong joint capsule and an enclosing ligament, assisted by attached muscles and tendons, limit excessive movement at the joint.... [tags: Papers]
1525 words (4.4 pages)
- Osteoarthritis has been studied in-depth throughout history and all over the world. There are multiple, possible, solutions for alleviating pain caused by depleting cartilage, although a cure has not been found. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and is idiopathic. The first theme consists of the findings from a study conducted by Felson and Nevitt, they discovered the effects of estrogen on osteoarthritis. This study emphasizes how osteoarthritis is more commonly found in females then it is in males, since menopause causes a considerable loss of estrogen.... [tags: Diseases/Disorders]
888 words (2.5 pages)
- The Joint Problem Osteoarthritis "Arthritis is one of the most common medical problems in the world ond the number one cause of disability in America." Osteoarthritis makes up half of all kinds of arthritis. It affects 20 million Americans and is most common in women and adults over age 45. It could affect any joint in your body. Such as those found in the fingers, hips, knees, lower back and feet. It usually only affects one joint in your body, but if your fingers become infected, mutiple hand joints could become affected.... [tags: Nursing]
301 words (0.9 pages)
- Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a common problem throughout the world. As estimated by the World Health Organization, it is one of the major causes of impaired function that reduces quality of life worldwide and estimated to be the fourth leading cause of disability by the year 2020 (Kraus et al., 2006 and Wluka, 2006). Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of chronic disability worldwide including Malaysia (Zakaria et al., 2009). As defined by Jette et al., 2002 disability is the impaired performance of expected socially defined life tasks, in a typical sociocultural and physical environment.... [tags: Health, Diseases]
985 words (2.8 pages)