How prevalent is anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other eating disorders? Without the knowledge of research, one is likely to think eating disorders are quite prevalent in society today. However, research proves that eating disorders, in general, are not as prevalent as one might think without any knowledge of the subject. Prevalence of an eating disorder refers to the number of cases of an eating disorder within a population. When discussing the prevalence of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorders, it is important to realize and understand the risk factors and characteristics that help to better explain the prevalence of such disorders. This paper will discuss the diagnostic criteria used to diagnose anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorders, as well as the risk factors and characteristics involved with each disorder. The prevalence of eating disorders in college men will also be discussed along with the risk factors and characteristics that lead to these prevalence rates.
Prevalence and Diagnostic Criteria for Anorexia Nervosa
In order to understand the importance of the prevalence of anorexia nervosa it is important to generally understand the DSM IV criteria for anorexia nervosa. In order to qualify for diagnosis as an anorexic, a Patient must maintain an abnormally low weight (I 5% below expected weight for height and age). One must also have severe concerns about shape and weight, which is usually seen as an intense fear of gaining weight, in order to be classified as an anorexic. One who qualifies as anorexic also has low self evaluation about shape and weight. Also, in post-menarchal females...
... middle of paper ...
...c cases? The American Journal of Psychiatry 1996; 153:386-394.
Fairbum, Christopher and Terence Wilson. (1993). Binge Eating. New York: Guilford Press.
Garfinkel, Paul, Elizabeth Lin, Paula Goering, and Cathy Spegg: Bulimia nervosa in a Canadian community sample: prevalence and comparison of subgroups. The American Journal of Psychiatry 1995; 152: 1052-1062.
Kendler, KS, Neale Maclean, R. Kessler, A. Heath, and L. Eaves: The genetic epidemiology of bulimia nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry 199 1; 1627-163 7.
Olivardia, Roberto, Harrison Pope, Jr., Barbara Mangweth, and James Hudson: Eating disorders in college men. American Journal of Psychiatry 1995; 152:1279-1291.
Walters, Ellen, and Kenneth Kendler: Anorexia nervosa and anorexic-like syndromes in a population based female twin sample. The American Journal of Psychiatry 1995- 152: 64-75.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorders Describe the signs and symptoms of the condition(s). The American Psychiatric Association recognizes anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder, not otherwise specified which includes Binge Eating Disorder (BED) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Between 40% and 60% of those diagnosed with one eating disorder will crossover to another eating disorder diagnosis during their lifetime (Anderluh et al.... [tags: Eating disorders, Anorexia nervosa]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Population affected Bulimia Nervosa is commonly diagnosed amongst adolescents and young adults. Typically, bulimia nervosa patients are normal weight size. Bulimia nervosa is diagnosed in all ethnic groups. However, most associate the disease with Caucasians. The female gender is commonly associated with this disorder. The article states, “BN is also characterized by an overvaluation of shape and weight, which influences self-evaluation” (Pearson, Wonderlich, & Smith, 2015). This explains why young females are commonly diagnosed with bulimia nervosa.... [tags: Eating disorders, Anorexia nervosa]
724 words (2.1 pages)
- Introduction According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, binge eating is defined as uncontrolled compulsive eating, especially as a symptom of bulimia or binge eating disorder(BED). Individuals, who suffer from a (BED), usually, consume, abnormally large amounts of food, quickly. The condition causes sufferers to eat until they are painfully full. we live in a society that accepts encourages overindulging . Therefore, there are probably several occasions on which we eat more than we should.... [tags: Psychology]
928 words (2.7 pages)
- Overview Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a type of eating disorder characterized by intense fear of gaining weight (1). People with anorexia have a distorted body image, persistent preoccupation with thinness, excessive exercising, unwillingness to maintain minimal weight, and disturbed eating behaviours (1-2). The lifetime prevalence of AN is about 0.3 - 1.0% in women and 0.3% in men (3), with a peak age of onset at 13 to 18 years (4). The mortality rate of AN is reported to be higher than of any other psychiatric illness.... [tags: Obesity, Body shape, Body mass index, Body weight]
3058 words (8.7 pages)
- Effects of Race on Body Image and Prevalence of Anorexic Behaviors in Women Almost 30 million people in the United States suffer from an eating disorder. Of those who do, only up to 15% are male, leaving a staggering 85% female population of those who endure these diseases. And while eating disorders also include bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, only one disorder has a “mortality rate 12 times higher than the death rate associated with all causes of death for females ages 12-24”: anorexia nervosa (“Eating Disorder Statistics”, 2016).... [tags: Eating disorders, Bulimia nervosa]
1859 words (5.3 pages)
- Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder It has long been recognized that there are similarities between Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Anorexia Nervosa. These similarities lie in the symptoms of the disorder. Many patients of both diseases report intrusive, fearful thoughts, a compulsive need to perform rituals, and an obsession with maintaining these rituals. In the case of anorexia nervosa these behaviors center on food and thinness whereas in OCD they are of a more general type.... [tags: Essays on Eating Disorders]
2380 words (6.8 pages)
- Bulimia Nervosa Description Another severe eating disorder is Bulimia Nervosa (BN). According to the DSM-5 (2013), bulimia nervosa is characterized by frequent binge eating episodes followed by compensatory behaviors to avoid gaining weight. The severity of the disorder is rated on a scale ranging from mild (1-3 compensatory behaviors a week) to extreme cases of bulimia where the individual may be participating in 14 or more inappropriate compensatory behaviors in a week. DSM-5 states that the food associated with a binge depends on the person, but it is common that these foods are typically avoided.... [tags: Bulimia nervosa, Eating disorders, Binge eating]
1539 words (4.4 pages)
- You know that girl who is always scanning fashion magazines and commenting on how great the models look. How about the guy that works out constantly and is always showing off his “guns”. Everyone knows someone who might be a little obsessive about their looks and might even be a bit of a fitness freak; but let’s consider the people who are always working out, counting calories, or skipping meals. In an instance like this, there might be an underlying issue that is taking place within these persons’ lives.... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1749 words (5 pages)
- This paper was designed to discuss several basic topics regarding anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is and eating disorder with an incredibly high mortality rate characterized by low body weight and an obsessive fear of becoming overweight that occurs primarily in females after puberty, yet before the age of 40 years. Unfortunately, Not much is known about the causes of anorexia nervosa, but possible correlations are blood relation to a person suffering from anorexia nervosa, those who have recently experienced a stressful event, a diagnosis of an anxiety disorder or obsessive compulsive disorder in childhood, or participation in a culture or profession that values thinness.... [tags: Eating Disorder, Informative Essay]
1859 words (5.3 pages)
- Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa Today, both anorexia and bulimia are the most common eating disorders and affect almost 15 percent of American teenagers. Eating disorders are fifteen times more likely to occur in adolescent girls than adolescent boys. They can be fatal and thousands die from every year but this is one mental illness that can be beaten. Anorexia is increasing more rapidly in developed countries than in underdeveloped countries. Bulimia is becoming the more common type of eating disorder among teens.... [tags: Causes of Bulimia, Eating Disorders]
1456 words (4.2 pages)