History of Turkey and the European Union Essay

History of Turkey and the European Union Essay

Length: 2386 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

History of Turkey and the European Union

Turkey has had a long history with Europe and the European Union that stretches back many years. In 1952, Turkey joined the United States and most of Western Europe in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Turkey would look at this as the first step toward European acceptance, which had been so important to the country's founder and hero, Kemal Ataturk. It would become an associate member of the Western European Union.[1] As early as 1959, Turkey tried to gain entrance into what is now the European Union, then known as the European Economic Community (EEC).[2] Under the Ankara Agreement of 1963, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC.[3] Denied entrance into the European Union in 1987, Turkey still continued to push for membership.[4] The next pivotal moment came in 1996 when Turkey was admitted into the European Union's Customs Union.[5] However, it was disappointed a year later when Turkey was not listed as part of the European Union's plans for enlargement. Finally, in 1999 at the Helsinki summit, Turkey was named as a candidate country.[6] This meant that Turkey was one step away from starting the accession process and realizing its goal of becoming a recognized member of Europe.

Requirements to Join the European Union

The European Union has specific yet numerous qualifications that must be met before accession. The European Council set the criteria for accession in June of 1993. It stated first that a country must have strong democratic institutions, including the rule of law and a guarantee of civil rights. A viable economic market must exist, along with evidence that the economy of the applicant country can compete with those already in the EU. Al...

... middle of paper ...

...Opportunity in Turkey,?? Financial Times, Oct. 21 (2003).? Academic Search Premier Database,? Lexis-Nexis (29 October 2003).

Gherghisan, Mihaela, ?Verheugen Careful about Turkish EU Accession,?? EUObserver.com, Apr. 29 (2003).? Academic Search Premier Database,? Lexis-Nexis (8 October 2003).

Heper, Metin. Historical Dictionary of Turkey. 2nd ed. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2002.

??EU Enlargement Commissioner Says Turkey Giving ?Mixed Picture,? ? AFX.? Com, Oct. 27 (2003).? Academic Search Premier Databas? Lexis-Nexis (29 October 2003).

?EU/Turkey: Euro 145 Million Pre-Accession Aid Package Granted to ? Ankara,? European Report, Oct. 29 (2003).? Academic Search Premier? Database, Lexis-Nexis (29 October 2003).

?EU/Turkey: Gunter Verheugen Cites 2011 as Possible Membership? Date,? European Report, Apr. 30 (2003). Academic Search Premier

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Turkey's Accession to the European Union Essay

- Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey’s application for associate membership in the European Economic Community(EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gain candidate status until 1999. Since 1999, relations between Turkey and the European Union (EU) have gained momentum, and Turkey’s EU accession negotiations began in 2005. Since that time, discussions about the implications of Turkey’s prospective EU membership have become more serious and extensive in both Turkey and the EU.the potential advantages and drawbacks of Turkey’s EU membership for both Turkey and the EU....   [tags: European Union Essays]

Powerful Essays
1123 words (3.2 pages)

Turkey 's Eventual Accession For The European Union Essay

- Turkey’s eventual accession to the European Union comes with several challenges, including “enlargement fatigue” and the effects of the Eurozone crisis. After a radical regime defeated nationalist forces at the end of World War I, reformists, called Kemalists, aimed Turkey towards modernization and westernization. Kemalists aimed to modernize the state and the economy (George et al., 2015). The movement of Turkey from statism to democracy led to political tension, which required military intervention to solve....   [tags: European Union, Europe]

Powerful Essays
942 words (2.7 pages)

Italy and the European Union Enlargement Essay

- Enlargement is the process through which new members join the European Union. Since 1957, when the first 'integrated Europe' was born, the EU went from 6 member states to 28. The six founding countries are: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and The Netherlands; thereafter, a lot of other Western countries joined from 1973 on, and, with the collapse of their regimes in 1989, several ex-communist Central and Eastern Europe countries became members between 2004 and 2007. Finally, in 2013 Croatia became the 28th EU member....   [tags: European Union Essays]

Powerful Essays
1324 words (3.8 pages)

A Brief History Of Turkey Essay examples

- A Brief History of Turkey Turkey is a country with a vibrant and colorful culture located between Europe and Asia. It has a booming economy of tobacco, cotton, hazelnuts, olives, and livestock. On October 23, 1923, the European land of Thrace and the Asian portion of the land of Anatolia known as the Ottoman Empire became to be the country of Turkey. The Country’s capital changed from Istanbul to Ankara in 1922 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The population of Turkey is around 72,907,000 people, mostly made up of Turks and Kurds....   [tags: World War I, Ottoman Empire, Turkey, Istanbul]

Powerful Essays
1122 words (3.2 pages)

The European Union Essay

- Introduction In the course of fifty years, the European Union has expanded from six countries united under economic treaties to a large collective of twenty-five sovereign nations. Maintaining the union within such a large group has grown more difficult as numerous treaties have been drafted to control the governance of the European Union. To reduce the number of treaties in the union, the convention decided to draft a Constitution, which now moves through the process of ratification in each of the sovereign nations....   [tags: EU Europe European Union Politics Essays]

Powerful Essays
4427 words (12.6 pages)

The European Union and a Divided Cyprus Essay

- The Implications for the European Union of Cyprus being divided between Turkey and Greece The island of Cyprus is the third largest in the Mediterranean with the 2002 population around 705,5000. Its main economic activities include banking, craft exports, merchant shipping, and tourism, which accounts for twenty percent of business (europa.eu.int). For almost thirty years it has been split between Turkish-Cypriots and Greek-Cypriots. The ongoing feud between the two groups and the split of the island in 1974 has lead to much political tension in Europe, especially with the European Union expanding its membership and adding, as of now, only half of the island of Cyprus in May 2004....   [tags: Politics Turkey Greece Essays]

Powerful Essays
1471 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about European Neighborhood Policy and Common Foreign and Security Policy

- Both the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) and the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) are strategies developed by the European Union in regards to their dealings with the ‘outside’ world. The European Neighborhood Policy finds its obstacles in the once superpower of the Russians, and their conflicting neighborhood policy. Whereas the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy finds its obstacles through its numerous memberships which on the outside one would consider a boon of combined knowledge, but when their insurmountable differences become involved it is a burden....   [tags: ENP, CFSP, EU, European Union]

Powerful Essays
1359 words (3.9 pages)

Building the New European Order Essay examples

- Building the New European Order When World War II ended the final remnants of the old European order lay in ruins. With such devastation wrought upon the continent twice in less than fifty years, it was remarkable that Europe managed to recover. What is even more remarkable is the Phoenix that rose from these ashes, and the new feelings of unity that accompanied the ending of the war. Those nations of western Europe began to do what decades ago had been unthinkable: develop the blueprints for a common system of the United Europe....   [tags: European History Essays]

Powerful Essays
1871 words (5.3 pages)

Human Rights in the European Union Essay

- Introduction The development of a human rights policy in the EU has been a long and often undocumented journey. The sectoral approach of the Paris Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1951 had an economic and functional intention, lacking a declaration of fundamental rights, as seen in national constitutions. It was not until the 2000 Nice Summit that the European Union first established a written charter, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, explicitly stating and guaranteeing human rights in the European Union....   [tags: Human Rights Policy in the EU]

Powerful Essays
5067 words (14.5 pages)

The Progress of Human Rights Reform in Turkey Essay example

- The Progress of Human Rights Reform in Turkey Throughout the last half-century of American politics, the Presidents of the United States have been more susceptible to public attack and scorn than ever before in our history. Through events such as Nixon's Watergate, Clinton's impeachment, and the Bush wars the public has voiced scathing criticism of our national leaders without fear of personal harm. People in America know that they can openly criticize anyone and anything in our country including our president or the pillars of our country's history like Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, or even our first president George Washington....   [tags: Political Science Politics Essays]

Powerful Essays
1908 words (5.5 pages)