Problems with format
?The history of Rome is shrouded in myth and legend.? Tales of glorious victories, conquering heroes, and vanquished foes color our perception of this legendary city.? Myth and reality are so closely intertwined that we would be remiss to examine the one without the other.? From a cluster of humble villages, arose a mighty people who would capture the admiration of the world for centuries thereafter.? To look at the history of Rome is to look at the history of civilization itself, for with Rome, modern civilization began.
The Beginnings: Myth and Reality
?The circumstances surrounding the founding of this ancient city remain a mystery.? With the Gaul?s destruction of Rome in 330 B.C., much of the early writings and archaeological remains recording the city?s past were destroyed.[i]? This lack of information did not hinder the early Roman historians, though: they simply created their own version of history.? Anxious to connect their city to a noble origin comparable to the heroic Greeks?, early Romans pointed to the Trojan hero Aeneas as the founder of their homeland.? In Plutarch?s Life of Romulus, Aeneas is said to have sailed to southern Italy where he met a soothsayer who allowed him to commune with his deceased father.[ii]? His father predicted that Aeneas would sire a great race and that his descendents, namely Romulus and Remus, would eventually establish a city that would rule the entire world and whose spirit will match that of the gods.[iii]? According to the myth, Romulus and Remus were born into the lineage of Aeneas, but were abandoned while they were infants under the orders of their evil uncle who had usurped the throne.? The twins were saved by a she-wo...
... middle of paper ...
...s Voisin, Yann Le Bohec, and David Cherry, A History of Rome (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001), p.23.
[vi] Nardo, p.22.
[vii] ibid, p.22.
[viii] ibid, p.26.
[ix] Le Glay, p.25.
[x] ibid, p.25.
[xi] ibid, p.40.
[xii] Nardo, p.29.
[xiii] ibid, p.29.
[xiv] Matthews, p.50.
[xv] Le Glay, p.42.
[xvi] ibid, p.179.
[xvii] Matthews, p.158-168.
[xviii] Le Glay, p.32.
[xix] ibid, p.36.
[xx] F.R. Cowell, Everyday Life in Ancient Rome (New York: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1962), p.18.
[xxi] ibid, p.14.
[xxii] Encyclopedia Americana, vol.23 (Danbury, CT: Grolier, Inc: 1997), p.686.
[xxiii] ibid, p.686.
[xxiv] ibid, p.686.
[xxv] Stuart E. Jones, ?When in Rome. . .?, National Geographic, June 1970, p.746.
[xxvi] ibid, p.747.
[xxvii] T.R. Reid, ?The World According to Rome,? National Geographic, August 1997, p.82.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Sickly and relatively trifling in childhood, Caius Octavius, rose to be one of the limited gravitationally overwhelming giants of history. The first Emperor of Rome, more commonly known as Augustus (after his name change in 28 B.C.), has survived the trials of time for a surfeit of reasons. Augustus’s dominant charisma along with his natural inclination for the assembling of the masses in both ideology and monumental architecture, which then fueled the inclusion of the common man made a lasting impact in all things Roman.... [tags: Augustus, Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Pax Romana]
860 words (2.5 pages)
- The night wind whispered and the wolves of Rome listened. The moon swelled above them, clear, bright, and beckoning. During the day, Rome belonged to the two-legged mortal denizens of the Eternal City, but nights were always theirs. No man-made vehicle glided across the timeworn cobblestone streets, and establishments, homes and hotels were shuttered for the night. The mortal world knew, deep within their subconscious minds, what could happen to them if they ventured into the night without invitation.... [tags: Rome, Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Palatine Hill]
813 words (2.3 pages)
- Introduction The Pantheon in Rome and the Parthenon in Athens are 2 very influential structures and architectural breakthrough milestones in the history of humanity. They have inspired designers and architects of all generations since their erection and continue to draw visitors to admire and study their majestic natures. There are varying similarities seen in the forms of the buildings along with their original purposes. One similarity is the context for why both structures were built. They were both created as places of worship for the gods.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Rome, Pantheon, Rome]
1094 words (3.1 pages)
- The Roman Empire was one of the strongest civilizations during its twelve century history.The three most important contributions to their strengths were a perfect location which provided an abundance of resources, powerful leaders such as Julius Caesar that focused on military might so they could conquer other civilizations, and a far more advanced architecture than their neighbors. The history of Rome is so important because they are one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed and there are reasons to why they were so successful.... [tags: romulus and remo, tiber river, military]
1032 words (2.9 pages)
- History has witnessed the rise and fall of many powerful cities, starting with Ur and Babylon and continuing into present day with cities such as New York City. Two of these cities, ancient Athens and ancient Rome, stand out from other cities of their time due to their culture, politics, and influence, both on the world around them and on future civilizations. These strengths qualify them as world cities, and despite their eventual losses of power, their legacies live on. Athens obtained hegemony around 448 BC, right after the war-like city-state of Sparta.... [tags: World History]
743 words (2.1 pages)
- “Maybe then reality is something we hate so much that we try to change it with every possibile excuse. Reality. There are only images of it, after all. Man probably uses images in order to fix reality in an acceptable shape, to make it less dangerous and more familiar. It’s a psychic process against which we can do nothing. […]We are enclosed, shuttered within this mystery, which we call the psyche, beyond which we are not permitted to make any suppositions, any affirmations about our existence.... [tags: film analysis]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- The Battle of Cannae, between the Carthaginian General Hannibal and the larger Roman army under the command of Lucius Aemilius Paulus and Gaius Terentius Varro in 216 B.C. serves as one of the most influential tactical battles in history. Two enemy forces faced off using very different tactics. The Roman Empire had succeeded in amassing over 50,000 infantry troops and an estimated 6,000 cavalry troops. The Roman army planned to use its vast numbers to subdue the smaller numbered forces of the Carthaginian army using sheer force.... [tags: Ancient Rome]
1334 words (3.8 pages)
- One of the most striking uses of architecture for glorification of a Roman emperor is the Arch of Titus. Built specifically upon the highest point of the Via Sacra, or Sacred Road, this arch is a lasting monument to the glorification of Titus. The Arch of Titus was built by Emperor Domitian to honor the capture and siege of Jerusalem by Titus and his apotheosis, or deification. This arch is an outstanding example of one of the most celebrated ways used by the Romans to express the honor and glory of their emperors.... [tags: Rome Architecture]
1340 words (3.8 pages)
- It is no simple task to pinpoint the most important contributions of the Greco Roman ages towards the later Western Roman culture of the Renaissance. Almost every aspect was influenced or supported by another. Despite this, there is a particular concept that has continually served as a core contributor: religion. From the time of early Greece and Rome, around 2500-500 BC, humans have considered religion to be not only an explanation of how life was created, but also a guide on how to live life.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Renaissance]
1942 words (5.5 pages)
- The 4th and 5th century AD proved to be a period of dramatic social, political and religious reform for the Roman Empire. Perpetual stress from war, famine, and economic plights destroyed the spirits of the Roman citizens. When governments can 't bring security to their people, citizens seek comfort in other sources, such as religion. Christianity offered the disheartened Romans a renewed reason to live: the hope of eternal life. Not without defiance, the traditional beliefs of Greek paganism and Roman gods began to diminish.... [tags: Roman Empire, Christianity, Ancient Rome]
1400 words (4 pages)