The Role of Dieting in Society Today
The preoccupation of modern society with appearance is reflected in part by the preponderance of Americans who engage in dieting behaviors. Despite the nutritional and fitness literature which pervades society today, 33% of the American population continues to be overweight (Bates, 1997). The USDA recommendation for a low-fat, high-complex-carbohydrate diet over the years has seemingly not been effective, since the proportion of overweight Americans has increased. Many frustrated Americans have in turn looked beyond the high-carb, low fat diet to other less conventional measures (http.//web.usatoday.com/life/health/lhs641.htm). Dietary fads have sprouted over the years to meet this need for a novel approach to weight loss. Such programs deviate from the traditional dietary advice to consume 55% of calories from carbohydrates, 30% from fat, and 15% from protein. One alternative approach to weight loss that has received considerable attention is the high-protein diet. This type of diet and its underlying theories will be examined, as well as the validity of its weight-loss claims.
High Protein Diets: Theories and Claims
The basic premise of all high-protein diets is that weight loss occurs from an increase in protein and a decrease in carbohydrates in dietary composition . What differentiates high-protein diets today from earlier ones in the 1970's is the assertion that loading up on carbohydrates results in loading up of pounds (Albatross, 1997). High-carbohydrate diets are postulated to disrupt hormonal balance by stimulating insulin production, which in turn promotes glucose to be stored as fat in the body. Information on three variation...
... middle of paper ...
Cooney, G.J., Storlien, L.H. 1994. Insulin action, thermogenesis and obesity. Billiere's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 8(3): 481-502.
Eades, M.R., Eades, M.D. Protein Power. New York: Bantam Books, 1996.
Lissner, L., Steen, S.N., Brownell, K.D. 1992. Weight Reduction Diets and Health Promotion. Am J Prev Med, 8: 154-158.
Kirby, J. "Diet Smart: Carbs vs. Protein," Fitness, January/February 1997, 64-69.
Sears, B. 1995. The Zone. New York: Harper Collins, 1995.
Sharma, A.M. 1992. Effects of Nonpharmacological Intervention on Insulin Sensitivity. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 20(11): S27-S34.
Vazquez, J.A., Kazi, U. and Madani, N. 1995. Protein metabolism during weight reduction with very-low-energy diets: evaluation of the independent effects of protein and carbohydrate on protein sparing. Am J Clin Nutr, 62:93-103.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Men and women are subjected through magazines and television on how their body should look. The fashion industry makes their clothing line based off of a certain body type as seen through fashion shows where the models are tall and skinny. Clothing companies like Abercrombie and Fitch only want certain people wearing their clothes to make an impression that only good looking people wear their clothes. With fashion and media portraying that certain body types are ideal, people spend money on diets and weight loss programs to fit this mold.... [tags: Body, Image, Healthcare]
662 words (1.9 pages)
- Personal Diet and Weight Loss Management Analysis Each morning I get on the scales and hope that I can celebrate losing a pound or two. The numbers I see on the scale represent a gauge that keeps me moving forward in a weight loss program. When I look at the numbers on the scale I realize I am making progress in losing weight, however, am I putting my body at more risk just by limiting certain foods. Comparing and contrasting my typical diet to the amounts of daily nutrients recommended in the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Guide Pyramid has proven that I am not a healthy eater.... [tags: losing weight loss program]
2640 words (7.5 pages)
- Weight Loss and a Well Balanced Diet When choosing a diet, more than just weight loss should be considered. In addition, other health factors should be looked at as well. The Atkins diet, being a low carbohydrate diet, does not take into account factors other than weight loss and puts participating subjects at risk for long and short-term health problems. In contrast, the most healthy and effective way of losing weight is to reduce fat and simple carbohydrate intake. Instead, a healthful diet should consist of complex carbohydrates, and good proteins, to include fruits, whole grains, vegetables, and legumes.... [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays]
796 words (2.3 pages)
- Weight Loss with the Atkins Advantage Bar The low carbohydrate Atkins Diet is the latest craze in the weight loss world. The high fat and protein content of the diet is successful at reducing weight because carbohydrates produce an elevated insulin response which in turn increases hunger and the craving for more carbohydrates. Thus, the level of insulin increase from the intake of an Atkins Advantage Bar is almost equal with the insulin levels after the intake of chicken. Meanwhile, the Zone Diet’s Balance Bar, which contains 40% carbohydrates, causes insulin levels to increase above that of chicken and the Atkins Advantage Bar.... [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays]
594 words (1.7 pages)
- The dietary supplement industry generated thirty-two billion dollars in revenue in 2012. That daunting figure alone makes the industry a goldmine for anyone who is looking to create a product that enhances a person’s body, which attracts attention from numerous people. Many of these people are encouraged to use these products to match the images of those they see through various media sources. These products have an array of ________ which allows them to target individuals who may be interested in enhancing theirs lives via vitamins, weight loss, detox and muscle enhancement.... [tags: physically fit, vitamins, weight loss]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- Orlistat: A New Option in Weight Control Orlistat is a lipase-inhibitor drug designed to help obese individuals lose and maintain their body weight. The drug in combination with a healthy low-fat diet and exercise can help in the treatment of obesity. Reducing fat intake is critical when attempting to reduce body fat. Orlistat reduces body fat by increasing the amount of fat passed through the body. The drug has already been approved in Europe and is expected to be approved by the FDA in the US in 1999.There have been scientific studies which support the effectiveness and low risks of Orlistat.... [tags: Pills Weight Loss Orlistat Essays]
1579 words (4.5 pages)
- The Hazards of High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diets A young, healthy teenage girl fell to her death after following a high-protein, low carbohydrate diet for no more than two weeks. The girl, having no identified sicknesses or medical conditions, exhibited "electrolyte imbalances" along with minimal levels of potassium and calcium, which appeared to be a result of the diet according to doctors at the University of Missouri Health Science Center. These irregularities upset the "normal electrical function of her heart" causing it to stop and her to collapse ("US teen .... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
1609 words (4.6 pages)
- Problems Associated With Low-carbohydrate/High-protein Diets A diet that is low in carbohydrates and high in proteins is not a healthy weight loss method. This type of diet, such as the Atkins Diet, recommends eating foods that are high in fat and protein. However, there are no restrictions on the kinds of fat and protein that may be consumed; and there are no restrictions on caloric intake. This poses a problem because there are health risks associated with high amounts of fat and protein in the diet.... [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- Yo-yo dieting is a popular trend among Americans in today’s society. The pressure is on to be thin and beautiful, and the diet and weight-loss industry is booming because of it. Meanwhile, nutritionists and dieticians are beside themselves, knowing the detrimental effects these diets can have on a person’s health. Nutrition professors, Yvonne Tapper-Gardzina, Nancy Cotugna, and Connie E.Vickery (2002), are just a few who argue against the use of these diets, especially the extremely popular High-protein / Low-carbohydrate diet.... [tags: Nutrition ]
989 words (2.8 pages)
- The High Protein Diet Controversy The traditional dietary guidelines most of us were taught in school are now being challenged as a result of a new diet. Remember when your teacher told you that all you needed to do to eat healthy you just needed to consume a lot of pastas and breads and eat meats and fats sparingly. Times have changed. In today's fast paced world of dot coms and international space stations, everyone is looking for something new. It's in with the new and out with the old. It seems this is true with our eating habits as well.... [tags: Papers]
2622 words (7.5 pages)