ABSTRACT: Global Peace is the summum bonum, so we must know its negative as well as positive meanings. Simultaneously peace must be understood in all its interrelated but theoretically differentiated dimensions as personal, social, national, international and global. Today, humankind is suffering from multidimensional crises such as terrorism, population-explosion, denial of human rights, economic inequality, racial discrimination, ideological extremism, religious intolerance, social injustice, ecological imbalance, consumerism, oppression of weak, etc. These peace-related issues compel us to lay down the fundamental principles of a radical global ethics that expects us to realize our roles and duties regarding global peace. It includes the role and ideals of educationalists, the duties of scientists, philosophers, and thinkers, the inculcation of human values such as nonviolence, love, etc.
"Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds
of men that the defences of peace must be constructed"
-Preamble to the Constitution of UNESCO
Global peace is the supreme ideal, or the Summum Bonum, so in order to know the exact meaning and real nature of peace as-well-as the ways to realise it, first of all, we have to rectify the prevailing tendency to think of peace only in negative terms as absence of bilateral war, since it encourages the pacifism, which does nothing, but denounce such war, while global overview confirms the presence of ethnic and civil war etc. Accordingly the negative definition of peace should also include the elimination of such wars. Sometimes peace as "Opposite of Violence" , as is done by Daisaku Ikeda. (1) Of course peace will be achieved by removing all k...
... middle of paper ...
...r, Peace Research Center, Gujrat Vidyapeeth Ahemedabad).
(5) British Writer Arthor Koestler being his works "Janus" with these lines.
(6) Gorbachev, M. Perestroika, PP 225-266 (Chapter 7).
(7) Jonas, Hans. , The Imperative of Responsibilitive, P.7.
(8) Philosophy Today, spring, 1988, Vol.32, No.1/4 P. 77.
(9) Soka Gakkai News, Vol. 18, No. 286, March 1993 P.7.
(10) Murty, K.S., The Quest for Peace, P. 214.
(11) In his book "Reconstruction of Humanity ".
(12) Acharangasutra (a Jain Treatise).
(13) Dammapad 3.5 - Never in thise world is hate appeased by hatred. It is only appeared by love. This is an eternal law.
(14) Mac Bride Report, Many Voices, One World, UNESCO, 1980.
(15) Dimensions of Peace and Non-violence: The Gandhian Perspective P. 22.
(16) The Moral Law, P. 90.
(17) The quest for peace, P. 196.
(18) Rgvedic Prayer.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- After a millennium of conflict and war—what chance of a millennium of peace. Some ten millennia ago civilization emerged in the Middle East, as the people of that area learned to till the earth and grow crops, thus opening the way to the ownership of land and the accumulation of wealth, and also to population growth and urban settlement. This new way of life created the potential for conflicts between towns and states and, later, between empires. This civilization brought warfare in its train. While these new state structures was evolving, Christianity was becoming a predominantly European religion.... [tags: essays research papers]
1722 words (4.9 pages)
- According to Naess there were three great movements for global responsibility that occurred during the twentieth century. These great movements were social justice, environmental movements and peace (“The Three Great Movements”, Naess 2008). These different views became of interest of a great variety of people that held unique religions, nationalities, worldviews and cultures. The three great movements are all connected to one another in one form or another. For example, war and violence are not compatible with environmental responsibility, and destruction and degradation put on the environment do not coincide with social justice.... [tags: social justice, environmental, peace]
1556 words (4.4 pages)
- For centuries, people all over the world have sought the idea of everlasting global peace. The basic framework of this idea was given by Immanuel Kant in his 1795 essay “On Perpetual Peace”. In his work, he wrote that peace is not natural to human beings and that is why, governments representing societies and power, through the use of politics have to secure the condition of peace. Immanuel Kant’s essay “On Perpetual Peace” has given the starting point from which “Democratic Peace Theory” originates.... [tags: Global Peace, Kant, Perpetual Peace]
1206 words (3.4 pages)
- Making Impossible Peace: Confronting the Moral Dilemmas of Peacemaking in a Conflicted World Bonny Ibhawoh Perspectives on Peace Lecture, McMaster University, Sept 28, 2015 Introduction I would like to begin in my talk today by thanking President Deane for the Perspectives on Peace initiative and this lecture series. The opportunity for open dialogue about peace and peacebuilding that this forum offers is one that I think will serve our University and larger community well. I am also pleased to see a diverse audience here today.... [tags: Peace, War, Cold War, World peace]
1787 words (5.1 pages)
- Philosophers Moral Expertise: Useful Applications QUALIFIED moral philosophers do indeed (to a limited extent) possess a level of moral expertise. This applies to any individuals who have devoted exhaustive time to specific subjects; in hopes to solve the problems faced by the world as a whole (the main focus here will be associated with medicine). Especially when compared to individuals who do not concern themselves with the practice of philosophy and therefore, lack such expertise knowledge. The expertise emphasized, leads to basic morals that prompt answers to ethically controversial subjects.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Philosophy, Religion]
1137 words (3.2 pages)
- Geopolitics, to a certain extent is participation in scholarly discussion of the theme of territorial empires. In this discussion, there is very little conformity to one specific empire ideal, route to successful policing or grand social strategy, instead various possibilities are engaged with and the theme of the empire is inexorable. With this unavoidability of the empire arises the stately functionary, treatises on the morality of civilisation and the figure of the Western warrior, which is nowadays a professional figure rather than a spiritual one.... [tags: geopolitics, kindom of heaven, soldiers]
1641 words (4.7 pages)
- Another motive for action is when something is done in accordance to duty, and actually wants to do it – this is also called immediate inclination. An example of this principle would be a man who is happily married. However, at the office, there is an attractive new intern that constantly hits on him. He does find the intern to be physically attractive but does not actually desire to be with her. He reflects that he could indeed have an affair with this intern if he wanted to but he wont in a million years because he is extremely happy with his wife.... [tags: marriage, happiness, philosophy]
549 words (1.6 pages)
- Moral Philosophy History & Background The Moral Philosophy has been developed primarily over the course of the last century (Reamer, 1993). While the concepts of morals and ethics have always played a part when working with human beings, the focus of the subject as a whole has shifted over time. Originally, the profession of social work began with an emphasis on the client and centered upon their actions in the process. This means that the morality under question was that of the individual coming to the professional for help (Reamer, 1993).... [tags: Ethics, Philosophy, Morality, Meta-ethics]
1412 words (4 pages)
- The principals of ethics provides society with the moral basis for decisions making and it changes throughout history as it reflects the knowledge and beliefs of the world at one particular time (Begley, 2009). Today, a new branch of moral philosophy has been developed with a more predominant regarded and value for science, fact and reasoning, placing more emphasis on evidence based practice in modern society (Begley, 2009). This moral philosophy is based on principals of logic and reason, a dramatic contrast to past philosophies, which were influenced deeply by spiritual and religious models.... [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Middle Ages, Ethics]
1072 words (3.1 pages)
- Moral Philosophy as Applied Science by Ruse and Wilson Ruse and Wilson in "Moral Philosophy as Applied Science" give the example of brother-sister incest avoidance as being an ethical code motivated by an epigenetic rule that confers an adaptive advantage on those who avoid intercourse with their siblings.... [tags: Moral Philosophy Genetics]
1900 words (5.4 pages)
- Inherent and Instrumental Values in Ethics
- What Does Nozick's Experience Machine Argument Really Prove?
- Liberty, Value, and the Liberal Perspective
- Information as the Basis for Representation
- Wittgenstein's 1913 Objections To Russell's Theory of Belief: A Dialectical Reading
- The Reference of Theoretical Terms