The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy Essay

The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy Essay

Length: 3618 words (10.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy

ABSTRACT: Curiously, in the late twentieth century, even agnostic cosmologists like Stephen Hawking—who is often compared with Einstein—pose metascientific questions concerning a Creator and the cosmos, which science per se is unable to answer. Modern science of the brain, e.g. Roger Penrose's Shadows of the Mind (1994), is only beginning to explore the relationship between the brain and the mind-the physiological and the epistemic. Galileo thought that God's two books-Nature and the Word-cannot be in conflict, since both have a common author: God. This entails, inter alia, that science and faith are to two roads to the Creator-God. David Granby recalls that once upon a time, science and religion were perceived as complementary enterprises, with each scientific advance confirming the grandeur of a Superior Intelligence-God. Are we then at the threshold of a new era of fruitful dialogue between science and religion, one that is mediated by philosophy in the classical sense? In this paper I explore this question in greater detail.

The thesis of this essay is that philosophy is at an important crossroads at the end of the twentieth century in its role as paideia—philosophy educating humanity. An unprecedented challenge and opportunity for philosophy today is to mediate, and enhance understanding of the relationship, between science, ethics and faith. A central question arises: What can philosophy contribute to the emerging dialogue between science and theology? The emerging science-theology dialogue is characterized by complexity and considerable confusion regarding proper methodologies, goals, and possible interactions. There are at least three major schools, model...

... middle of paper ...

...allacy. Reason (October): 53-58.

Rust, Peter. 1992. How Has Life and Its Diversity Been Produced? Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 44 (2): 80-94.

Sternberg, Robert J. & Janet E. Davidson, eds. 1995. The Nature of Insight. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Weber, Max. 1949. The Methodology of the Social Sciences. Eds. Edward A. Shils & Henry A. Finch. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Weinberg, Steven. 1992. Dreams of a Final Theory: The Search for the Fundamental Laws of Nature. New York: Pantheon Books.

Wiester, John L. 1993. The Real Meaning of Evolution. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 45 (3): 182-86.

Wigner, Eugene P. 1960. The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics. Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics 13: 1-14.

Yates, Steven. 1997. Postmodern Creation Myth? A Response. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies IX (1/2): 91-104.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Faith Told My Story Essay

- Faith Told My Story By having faith in God, or strong beliefs one is able to convince any individual that experiences in life or reasons events happen is based solely upon what they believe in. In having such a strong faith the difference between what is real and what might seem unimaginable conflict with one another. The reason being is that others see unexplained events as faith taking its course, and to others it is just considered luck or a phony story all together. In having a strong belief and having faith in something a story has more meaning to an individual than just any ordinary story being told....   [tags: religious beliefs, faith in God]

Powerful Essays
1395 words (4 pages)

Religion vs. Science Essay

- On The Origin Of Religion Over centuries, the epic battle between modern science and ancient religion rose to the level of wars, resulting in millions of deaths all over nations. Since the days of Galileo, religion has tried to kill any kind of scientific thinking, logic reasoning, or theories. Science is no innocent victim as it has always tried to wipe out any religious meanings and the existence of God, throughout contaminated evolution theories and philosophical thinking. However, scientists nowadays are more reasoning; believing that faith is a gift they haven’t yet received....   [tags: Science, Religion]

Powerful Essays
1072 words (3.1 pages)

Essay The Compatibility of Faith and Reason

- In today’s modern western society, it has become increasingly popular to not identify with any religion, namely Christianity. The outlook that people have today on the existence of God and the role that He plays in our world has changed drastically since the Enlightenment Period. Many look solely to the concept of reason, or the phenomenon that allows human beings to use their senses to draw conclusions about the world around them, to try and understand the environment that they live in. However, there are some that look to faith, or the concept of believing in a higher power as the reason for our existence....   [tags: christianity, God]

Powerful Essays
1234 words (3.5 pages)

A Modern Synthesis of Science with Eastern Christianity Essay

- Introduction Since the dawn of consciousness, humans have strived to understand the world around them and their place in it. From the first naturalistic surveys of the flora and fauna of the earth painted on the rocky walls of fire-lit caves millennia ago to the enormously complex investigations into quantum physics ventured at today’s particle accelerators, human curiosity has known no bounds. By way of organizing the countless questions posed and answers sought, broad conceptions of "science," "reason," "philosophy," and "religion" have been created and debated by humankind for centuries....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

Powerful Essays
3351 words (9.6 pages)

What is Islam Stance Over Modernization and Westernization Essay

- Modernisation, Westernisation and Islam Background: The core purpose of this research is to look over the issue in three aspects i.e. • What is Islam’s stance over modernisation. • What is Islam’s stance over westernisation. • What is the prime difference between modernisation and westernisation. I have been compelled to do this research because of several reasons. Firstly, the widely believed phenomenon that muslims are a backward creed and Islam in principle is against development in science and technology....   [tags: science, technology, modern life]

Powerful Essays
2708 words (7.7 pages)

The Influence of the Science Revolution on the Enlightenment Essay example

- Discoveries and innovation during the science revolution played a very important role that turned out to be very beneficial to the Enlightenments early stages. During the seventeenth and eighteenth century the educated classes of Europe followed a strict religious foundation of values. The Europeans would soon change their world view to a primarily laical and scientific-based contrast. The development of scientific knowledge was the key cause of this intellectual change. Most would say the push that triggered the scientific revolution began with the Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle....   [tags: Religious Traditions, Innovations]

Powerful Essays
862 words (2.5 pages)

Can Science Prove the Creation of the Universe? Essay

- If someone could tell you the answer to how it all began, how our world was created, why we exist, would you want to know. Modern Science has made some pretty impressive discoveries about our universe. As stated by George Smoot, a cosmologist at the University of California at Berkeley and winner of the 2006 Nobel Prize in physics, “I think we all know where we came from and how we fit into the world, but some of us need to know how it all works in great detail.” While some people believe testing these theories is a trial of faith, there are others who know that discovering how the universe was created is within arm’s length....   [tags: cosmology, Big Bang, Astronomy, Astrology]

Powerful Essays
1745 words (5 pages)

Essay on Modern vs. Pre-modern

- Modern vs. Pre-modern There is one simple way to classify the difference between the modern and the pre-modern, and that would be to separate them by years. Unfortunately this would not be cut and dried; it would be a rough estimate because no one really knows when the change took place, or if there even was a change. What is known for sure is that things did change. The ““moderns” (became) set against “ancient” modes of thought and practice” (Shapin, p. 5), and this led to a so-called scientific revolution....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1067 words (3 pages)

Science and the Christian Church Essay

- The relationship between science and the Christian Church has never been viewed as a positive one. The Christian Church has often been ostracized for their role in the history of science, and to some degree is most commonly held responsible for most, if not all the struggles that science had to undergo to achieve it's status today. In David Lindberg's article titled "Science and the Christian Church" Lindberg explores this idea by not taking sides with the Christian church, or the sciences, but by examining other possible explanations as to why the scientific struggle was so hard....   [tags: World Literature]

Free Essays
335 words (1 pages)

Science versus Religion in Cat’s Cradle Essay

- “The idea that philosophy and science can be combined to give us the best possible knowledge about the world and how to act within it is an old one, encapsulated by the classic concept of scientia, a Latin word that means knowledge” (Pigliucci 6). In the book Cat’s Cradle the main topic of debate is clearly science versus religion. In many ways, these two topics are very different, but in others, they are quite similar. Both science and religion have a common goal, to find truth in the world. The main character of Cat’s Cradle is a man named John....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Philosophy, Religion]

Powerful Essays
1425 words (4.1 pages)