The world Wittgenstein describes in the Tractatus(1) excludes any traditional form of dualism, even to the extent of not differentiating types of objects. Neither does it allow for radically different kinds of external properties or "relations proper" [4.122] belonging to Tractarian objects, beyond the observable ones he mentions like space, color, degree of pitch, etc. Properties such as these can be specified. Declaring (without qualification) that "the totality of true propositions is the whole of natural science" [4.11], the Tractatus seems to align itself with if not to defend some form of monism, perhaps with the tradition of atomistic materialism which stretches back to Democritus. Since philosophy is not "a body of doctrine but an act...
... middle of paper ...
... essential intuition that the world does not live by objects and facts alone.
(1) Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, trans. by D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuiness (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963). (Quotations from the Tractatus throughout this paper are from this translation.)
(2) Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, tr. G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1963), I, §36.
(3) These various distinctions are made successively in the first half of Frege's famous essay, "On Sense and Reference". Frege's philosophical outlook is very evident in his 1918 essay, "The Thought", which aroused Wittgenstein's displeasure.
(4) Cf. 4.122. Wittgenstein speaks of internal properties as well as relations. The topic is rich, complicated and obscure. I have space in this paper only to glance off the surface of this topic.
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