Cyber Bullying and Hate Speech

Cyber Bullying and Hate Speech

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Free speech is both a universal and national liberty. The United Nations and the United States of America believe that free speech is something that humans should be allowed to exercise. However, each respective group has their own limitations. These limitation, although broad, protect against free speech being taken too far. Like any liberty or privilege there must be a line in the sand to keep extremists from aggressively using and abusing this right. The United Nations formed "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights." With in this declaration are 40 articles with a preamble examining the rights which they believe are basic and necessary. Article 19 from this declaration says, "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers."

The limitations which the UN places on this article are equally as important, limitations such as; "harm principles", hate speech or pornography. According to the text on Wikipedia, limitations maybe either "legal sanction" and/ or "social appropriation." On a site titled "Illinois First Amendment Center" outlines the specifics of the 1st Amendment of the US Constitution. Under the 1st Amendment of the United States of America, free speech is a protected liberty. By definition free speech "is speech without censorship." While the 1st Amendment has endure over 200 years with little change, there are limitations placed on free speech. According to the Supreme Court examples of "at risk speech" include:

Burning draft cards in protest of the military draft system
Speech that may "incite" violence
Words which threaten nat...

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...orks Cited

Banks, James. Regulating Hate Speech Online. (2010) International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. 2Vol. 24, No. 3, November 2010, 233−239

Bayram ‚etin, Erkan Yaman, Adem Peker. Cyber victim and bullying scale: A study of validity and reliability. Computers & Education. June 27, 2011.

Schwartz, John (2010). Bullying, Suicide, Punishment. The New York Times. Oct. 2, 2010

Zetter, Kim (2010). Court: Cyberbullying Threats Are Not Protected Speech. The New York Times. March 18, 2010.

Gentile, Carmen. Free Speech or Cyberbullying. The New York Times.

Illinois 1st Amendment Center. Freedom of Speech Illinois Frist Amendment Center. 2011.

United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The United Nations.

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