As computer and neuroscience technology progresses, the perceived role of the human brain grows ever more complex and seemingly more determinant as to what makes a person, a self. Research and development projects in both the fields of neuroscience and artificial intelligence add fire to the Mind versus Brain debate. Are the biochemical mechanics of the brain sufficient explanation for human behavior, or is there a “mind”, distinct from the brain, which harbors free will? In other words, are human thoughts and conscious actions entirely based on science or on purposive cause, calling for unscientific philosophy and/or religion? Whether there is a teleological explanation for human behavior and brain activity centers around the issue of determinism. A purely mechanical explanation is intrinsically deterministic, whereas a teleological explanation leaves room for free will. Because the Mind versus Brain debate rests on whether there is free will, and because neither a purely mechanical nor a teleological explanation is logically defensible to a satisfactory extent, the teleological debate concerning human behavior and brain activity is logically irresolvable.
To understand fully teleological and purely mechanical explanations of human behavior and brain activity, it is first necessary to understand the fundamental biochemistry of brain function. Although the brain is the most complex and least understood organ of the human body, its functionally essential constituent is the neuron, which exists in clusters called ganglia. A neuron, or an excitable nerve cell, transfers within the brain an electrochemical (or sometimes a purely elec...
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...10. AND Weil, John L. A Neurophysiological Model of Emotional and Intentional Behavior. Springfield, Illinois; Charles C. Thomas, 1974. Pg. 146. Hereafter cited as Neurophysiological Model: Emotions, Intents.
 Neurophysiological Model: Motions, Intents. Pg. 146.
 Ibid. Pg. 148.
 Neuroscience and Person: Science and Divine Action. Pg. 191.
 McMullin, Ernan. “What Difference Doe A Mind Make?” FROM Brain and Behavior. Pg. 444.
 Granit, Ragnar. “In Defense of Teleology” FROM Brain and Behavior. Pg. 400.
 Searle, John R. The Rediscovery of the Mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts; The MIT Press, 1992. Pg. 21.
 Brain and Behavior. Pg. 435.
 Mechanistic Conditions. Pg. 451.
 Pinker, Steven. How the Mind Works. New York, New York; W. W. Norton & Company, 1997. Pg. 80.
 Ibid. Pg. 450.
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