This paper is a general overview of outsourcing. It explores when to outsource and what advantages and disadvantages a public manager may face when deciding whether to outsource.
I have chosen references to support this text that are both academic and colloquial. Indeed it was a discovery to learn that "Outsourcing" had become a well-developed academic area of study. My prior study of the subject revolved around personal conversations and non-academic magazine articles.
It may be interesting to note that an internet search using key words, "privatization + government" in both Yahoo and Dogpile failed to bring up a specific government agency devoted to outsourcing or privatization. In the private sector there were many web sites particularly devoted to this topic. One of the most developed was at: http://www.outsourcing-research.com. The lack of existence of a central public agency specifically designed to deal with this issue may be a result of a failure to fully recognize this as an aspect of modern government activity.
"Outsourcing," "privatization," and "contracting out" have a similar meaning. "Outsourcing" may be defined as: [The process by which] "an organization turns over the complete ownership and control of a particular business process or function to the supplier. The buyer determines what results it wants from the supplier, and the supplier determines how to achieve the results." 1
In this sense, "outsourcing" may be synonymous with "privatization" because it implies the turnover of "ownership and control" from one organization to another. "Contracting out" may be a subcategory of outsourcing/privatization. As one reference2 puts it, "Contracting Out" [is] the most common form...
... middle of paper ...
...ce Delivery- Examples of Innovative Practices. The Urban Institute Press, Washington D.C., 1989.
7. Suggs, R.E. Minorities and Privatization: Economic Mobility at Risk. Joint Center for Political Studies Press, Washington D.C., 1989.
8. Rehfuss, J.A. Contracting Out in Government: A Guide to Working with Outside Contractors to Supply Public Services. Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1989
9. Cavendish, A, Mistry P. Adjusting Privatization. Heinemann Educational Books, 1992.
10. Ventura, Jesse. I Ain't Got Time to Bleed - Reworking the Body Politic from the Bottom Up. Villard Press, 1999
11. http://house.gov/judiciary/6096.htm. Testimony of Norman Matloff, Dept of Computer Science, UC Davis to the House Judiciary Committee, subcommittee on immigration "Debunking the Myth of Desperate Software Labor Shortage.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Outsourcing has been around for many years. In this paper I will discuss some of the history of outsourcing, the goods things about outsourcing, and the bad things about outsourcing. Outsourcing is important because many companies rely on it in order to get many different products and services to their facility on time and in good shape. Outsourcing is a huge part of the business industry today. Any business can be affected by outsourcing. No matter how big or small a business is a business is able to outsource services that they could not do profitable on their own.... [tags: Globalization Essays, Outsourcing Essays]
1607 words (4.6 pages)
- Introduction This paper is a general overview of outsourcing. It explores when to outsource and what advantages and disadvantages a public manager may face when deciding whether to outsource. I have chosen references to support this text that are both academic and colloquial. Indeed it was a discovery to learn that "Outsourcing" had become a well-developed academic area of study. My prior study of the subject revolved around personal conversations and non-academic magazine articles. It may be interesting to note that an internet search using key words, "privatization + government" in both Yahoo and Dogpile failed to bring up a specific government agency devoted to outsourcing or privatizati... [tags: Pro Con Essays]
3729 words (10.7 pages)
- Pros and Cons of Outsourcing. 1. Introduction Globalization has lead to increase in international trade and a greater role for multinational corporations. With the rise of globalization many companies are turning to either off shoring or offshore outsourcing. In India and China, companies like IBM, Microsoft, Hewlett Packard, and Novell choose to get services from sub-contractors in these countries or move their development and support jobs there. Outsourcing is to contract out some of company’s activities to a third party company.... [tags: Research Papers, Globalization]
3476 words (9.9 pages)
- 1. Critically evaluate the competitive advantage that can be gained by companies through IS/IT outsourcing. Provide suitable example to support your answer. Competitive advantage is an advantages the advantage that a firm has over it is competitors which is allowed it to generate the grater sale or margin then retain more customers than it competition. In the competitive advantages there many types of competitive advantages include the firms cost structure, product offerings, distribution network and customer support.... [tags: cost, product offering, customer support]
1159 words (3.3 pages)
- Pros and Cons of Outsourcing and Offshoring Businesses face lots of challenges today during their development and growth, and they should decide how much financial investment are they want to put into the development of certain projects. When they make decision, business owners find the idea of developing an in-house team dedicated to certain project much more expensive than the company’s current situation can control. That’s why they turn to find alternatives. In many cases the alternative is finding someone to do it for you at lower costs.... [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring]
972 words (2.8 pages)
- Nowadays people have become closer than before. Services and goods produced in a country will be available to sell in the other countries. We hear about globalisation in the news every day, read about it in the news papers and hear people talking about it. Globalisation is the interactively international and nearness of economies. It is the process that has led to the diverse parts of the globe becoming much closer to each other (Slaughter and Swagel, 1997). Globalisation is the procedures by which the people around the world become connected to each other in all aspects of life, culturally, technically and politically, economically and environmentally.... [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade]
1373 words (3.9 pages)
- Today, many businesses have adopted the practice of outsourcing, be it within the borders or done internationally. Outsourcing can be defined as “the practice of having certain job functions done outside a company instead of having an in-house department or employee handle them; functions can be outsourced to either a company or an individual” (entrepreneur.com). “Outsourcing has become a major trend in human resources over the past decade. It 's the practice of sending certain job functions outside a company instead of handling them in house.... [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Wage, Employment]
1200 words (3.4 pages)
- Globalization can be defined as the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. It also refers to the integration of economics and societies all over the world (http://hotbabefatchicks.hubpages.com/hub/Definition-of-Globalization). Globalization can be both advantageous and detrimental to developing countries. Some of its advantages are increased external finance, improved technology and political conformism. Disadvantages of globalization include death of small and medium businesses, loss of cultural identity and the effect of foreign policies on domestic economic development.... [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade]
912 words (2.6 pages)
- It is debated whether globalization is an advantage or disadvantage to our society. Everyday you hear it on the news, you read it in the newspaper, and you overhear people talking about it and in every single instance the word globalization seems to have a different meaning. Globalization is the process by which a business or company becomes international or starts to operate on an international level such like the rise of the so-called global economy. It can also bring the world closer through the exchange of goods and products, information, knowledge and culture.... [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade]
960 words (2.7 pages)
- What is Outsourcing. It is a method in which companies subcontract labor and support to outside agencies (Klepper, 1997). How, why, and who companies outsource to are quickly becoming social topics of discussion in our society. Everyone seems to have an opinion on outsourcing. I bet that I can walk into a social gathering right now and hear discussions like “outsourcing is good for the American consumer” or outsourcing takes jobs away from all of the hard working Americans.” In either case, outsourcing has raised great concerns over its effects on the American economy.... [tags: Globalization essays, research papers]
2196 words (6.3 pages)