Essay on Encomienda to Hacienda and Latifundio in Latin America

Essay on Encomienda to Hacienda and Latifundio in Latin America

Length: 1014 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Encomienda to Hacienda and Latifundio in Latin America


The encomienda system developed in the Antilles (the islands of
the West Indies except the Bahamas) when the group of settlers Columbus
brought with him on his second voyage to the New World were, essentially,
unwilling to work (Vigil 218). They solved this problem through forced
Indian labor. Queen Isabella I of Spain considered the native people
"free crown vassals" (Vigil 218) and instructed Governor Nicolas de
Ovando, Comendador Mayor of the military order Alcantara, to inform the
Indians that they had to pay tribute to the crown equal to the other
subjects. But the Indians refused to have anything to do with it,
resulting in a series of royal decrees starting in 1503 that resulted in
the encomienda system.


As legally defined in 1503, an encomienda consisted of a grant by
the crown to a conquistador, soldier, official, or others rewarded for
assisting in the conquest, of a specified number of Indians living in a
particular area. The receiver of the grant, the encomendero, could exact
tribute from the Indians in gold or labor ("Encomienda"). Basically, the
natives were gathered into villages under the supervision of a trustee and
forced to work in the construction of buildings, in mines, and in the
cultivation of the soil. In turn, the trustee (the encomendero) was to
civilize, Christianize, and protect the Indians (Thomas 51). Through this
system, the crown intended to both reward deserving conquerors and
settlers and to incorporate the Indians into Christian civilization by
placing them under the protection of responsible individuals (Vigil 218).
However, the system quickly became corrupted.


Although the enc...


... middle of paper ...


...on.
As improvements of these economic systems continue to be made, the
situation of the Latin American people also continues to improve,
hopefully ensuring a brighter future for the entire region.


Works Cited

Delpar, Helen. "Hacienda." Encyclopedia of Latin America. New York:
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1974.

Delpar, Helen. "Latifundium." Encyclopedia of Latin America. New York:
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1974.

"Encomienda." Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/6/0,5716,33166+1,00.html.

"Hacienda." Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/4/0/,5716,39504+1,00.html.

Thomas, Alfred Barnaby. Latin America: A History. New York: The MacMillan
Company, 1956.

Vigil, Ralph H. "Encomienda." Encyclopedia of Latin America. New York:
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1974.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Colonialism Of Latin Americ Colonialism Essay

- Colonialism’s scars in Latin America “The developed-developing relationship in many ways replaces the colonizer-colonized relationship. The idea of development is a way for rich countries to control and exploit the poor” (Silver, 2015). This describes what colonialism meant for Latin American countries when Spaniards came to “trade” with indigenous communities in the so called, ‘New World’. In the 1500’s when Iberians’ realized they were in an “undiscovered” land, they started to take control of lands, destroy native civilizations and introduce slavery....   [tags: United States, Latin America, Colonialism]

Strong Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

The History of Modern Latin America Essay

- The history of modern Latin America begins after the Second World War when the economic changes wrought by the war, namely the shift towards manufacturing and urbanization, produced political and diplomatic changes across the Americas. The end of the war led to increased imports from the West, reducing the competitiveness of Latin American industry. Additionally, falling crop prices led to increasing urbanization. The result of these economic and demographic shifts was the rise of a populist movement throughout Latin America....   [tags: Latin America]

Strong Essays
2181 words (6.2 pages)

The Impact of the Remittances in Latin America Essay

- Introduction In Latin America migration and remittances have become structural features in the economy, the society, and in the political environment; due to the underdevelopment and inequality of the region. Because they relative importance, trends in migration and the impact of remittances in population of Latin America are the main topics that we will analyze in this research focusing on reduction of poverty and inequality. This research will aim to answer the next: Do remittances finance development in the region....   [tags: remittance, poverty, latin america]

Strong Essays
1415 words (4 pages)

Different Styles of Latin Music Essay

- Salsa, tango, and bachata have very different historic backgrounds, but come from the same culture. Latin music is popular for various genres in Latin America, mainly in Cuba, and is unique for the type of rhythmic structure it builds. The music is so alive that is pulls at the feet and hips of dancers, driving them to the dance floor. When dancing to the music their hips sway in time, and their feet mark the beat. If people did not grow up with this type of music, its complex rhythms can be intimidating....   [tags: Latin Music, Music, ]

Strong Essays
715 words (2 pages)

The Myth of the Latin Woman Essay

- Identity is a group of characteristics, data or information that belongs exactly to one person or a group of people and that make it possible to establish differences between them. The consciousness that people have about themselves is part of their identity as well as what makes them unique. According to psychologists, identity is a consistent definition of one’s self as a unique individual, in terms of role, attitudes, beliefs and aspirations. Identity tries to define who people are, what they are, where they go or what they want to be or to do....   [tags: The Myth of the Latin Woman, Culture]

Strong Essays
1464 words (4.2 pages)

The Latin American Music Scene Essay

- The Latin American music scene is an amazingly diverse, engaging and entertaining music culture. Thomas (2011) explains, “…Latin American music has engaged in ongoing dialogue and cultural exchange that has profoundly affected music making in Europe and the United States and, more recently, in Africa and Asia as well”. This paper will be describing different aspects of the music culture from its musical features, to the historical aspect of this interesting music culture. Also, I will discuss a personal experience with Latin American music....   [tags: Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Latin America]

Strong Essays
2033 words (5.8 pages)

Slavery in Latin America Essay

- Slavery in Latin America Chile History Before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th cent., the Araucanians had long been in control of the land in the southern part of the region; in the north, the inhabitants were ruled by the Inca empire. Diego de Almagro, who was sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru to explore the southern region, led a party of men through the Andes into the central lowlands of Chile but was unsuccessful (1536) in establishing a foothold there. In 1540, Pedro de Valdivia marched into Chile and, despite stout resistance from the Araucanians, founded Santiago (1541) and later established La Serena, Concepción, and Valdivia....   [tags: Latin American History Slavery Essays]

Strong Essays
4599 words (13.1 pages)

The Importance of Latin in the Curriculum Essay

- The Importance of Latin in the Curriculum My memories of Latin in high school are less than fond. I remember slouching in my chair, staring blankly at my desk as I tried to remember the form of the word agricola (farmer) in the ablative plural. Much of the class consisted of mundane activities like this. We translated endless Bible passages from Latin, translated what seemed like the entire body of Greek mythological literature, and read hundreds of lines from The Aneid, The Odyssey, and The Iliad....   [tags: Latin Language Education Papers]

Strong Essays
1275 words (3.6 pages)

The Latin Image Essay

- The Latin Image "The romantic and erotic Latin image implied recognition that Latin Americans and Romance peoples produced persons of great beauty and attractiveness."(Rios-Bustamante,21) The most predominant stereotype that surfaces in "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" and "The Mark of Zorro" is that of the Latin Lover. This stereotype may be portrayed in a more positive light because in comparison to other demeaning Latino roles in early American film, the Latin Lover is characterized by "suavity and sensuality, tenderness and sexual danger."(Ramirez Berg,115) According to Ramirez Berg, "this stereotype we owe to one star: Rudolph Valentino."(115) In "The Four Men of the...   [tags: Latin Americans Romance Love Movies Essays]

Free Essays
1139 words (3.3 pages)

Latin America Essay examples

- Latin America Distinguishing cultures from one another has become increasingly difficult as various societies continue to intertwine and share their aspects of popular life. Constant exposure to US and other world cultures has changed the cultures of Latin American countries somewhat, but much of society remains unchanged. Moving to the United States from Latin America alters life a great deal, and keeping touch with one’s original culture may sometimes seem unimportant or simply impossible, but those who remain Latino instead of becoming “Americanized” are those who care the most for and have the strongest tie to the culture....   [tags: Culture Latin American Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
957 words (2.7 pages)